Build Daily

December 12, 2017 00:15

Gable roof with his hands

most popular design in housing construction is a gable roof.The simplicity and efficiency of the frame is a huge advantage when compared with other types of roofs.Knowing the purpose of the structural elements and understanding their functional significance, can be taken for improvement gable roof yourself.

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necessarymake very precise calculations and strictly adhere to the installation drawings.Pay special attention to the corners of tilt, frame and fasteners.Chimneys, flues and other structural elements that pass through the roof, sealed with a special frost-proof sealing foam.

Structural technical elements of a gable roof

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gable roof on the structure are of two types - naslonnye and hanging rafters.The design of the roof mounted naslonnoy sill, roof boards strengthened struts a

nd braces.Frame with hanging rafters easier, it has long spans and rafters are joined only lingering beam.

  1. mauerlat - a support beams, located on the top row of the wall with a longitudinal side of the building.By mauerlat attach rafters radiating from the ridge.As mauerlat use logs with a diameter of at least 25 cm or planed beams size 25x25 cm.
  2. Rafter leg, forming the basic triangular gable roof frame, made from planks.Depending on the design load, the board used at least 50h150 mm heavier roofing material, the thicker the rafter foot.On rafters, purlins stuffed, which is fastened roofing sheet.
  3. Ridge - longitudinal horizontal bar at the top of the roof.From the ridge diverge truss support legs to mauerlat.
  4. overhang roof - rafter release capital for the perimeter walls of the house to prevent wetting of the building in the rain.
  5. filly - connecting beams from the eaves edge to the wall of the house.They serve as a skeleton framework for lining and sealing of roof during finishing.
  6. Lejeune - longitudinal beam parallel beams mauerlat, laid on the end walls of the capital.Used to balance the load on the general framework of the roof.
  7. Racks - vertical support beams connecting the horse to puff or rely sill.Short additional support coming from the rafters to the tightening.
  8. Struts - additional mounting boards, angled.They confer resistance uprights and strengthen the overall construction of a gable roof truss.
  9. Tightening - horizontal beam connecting mauerlat and forming a triangular frame shape.
  10. Crate - longitudinal planks sewn on truss support legs.Serve as the basis for the roofing material.Depending on the type of roofing lath make solid or tenuous, with the necessary steps for mounting.

roofing materials for pitched roofs

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Roofing materials have certain characteristics and differences in price, quality and longevity.Note the shape, color, weight, cost and reliability of the material.It is really to make yourself beautiful and solid gable roof photo, which you can access on the Internet.

  1. Slate - an inexpensive and durable material that does not require painting.It is fireproof, but has a considerable weight and fragile.Over time, it gets dark slate, it can be covered with a fungus or overgrown with moss.
  2. tiling - perfect, proven option roofing for centuries.Natural tile is very expensive and it is desirable to carry out styling expert.There is a wide variety of shapes and color types of metal.It is durable and flexible material having a decent specifications and a corresponding price quality.
  3. Roofing iron or profiled, or is available painted galvanized without painting.It is lightweight and easy to use material with a thickness of 0.5 to 1.2 mm, but it has a high thermal conductivity.Therefore, the roof of corrugated insulated during installation.
  4. Roof - is rarely used for roofing a house with a gable roof.Roofing felt or rubimast spreads on a solid crate.As such, you can use water-resistant batten plate OSB.Rubimast not quite suitable material for wooden roof gable roofs.Its intended purpose for flat concrete roofs and fit it by hot fusing.

Installation rafter frame for a gable roof

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Draw a diagram of the frame gable roof, calculating the size will be needed to determine the required amount of materials.

  1. Preparing for installation gable roof is happening in the process of erecting the box at home.In the top row of the main walls build into metal studs with a diameter of 10 mm and with an estimated height of 3 cm above mauerlat thickness of washers and nuts.Before mounting on the studs mauerlat beams, they are treated with antiseptic, and under them lay two layers of roofing material.
  2. With project gable roof, you can proceed to its arrangement, strictly adhering to the drawing.All types of trusses together and fastened to the ground, and then mounted on the walls of the capital.When the device gable roofs with hanging rafters, going two end triangular design.Exhibited at the extreme end locations of walls and joined the ridge beam.Next rafters sewn increments from 0.7 to 1.2 meters.
  3. For inclined installation of truss construction, set sill.The beam is placed and fixed in the middle of end walls and is parallel to a mauerlat and ridge.Lejeune and horse spliced ​​supports, which are fixed mowing boards.All connections are bolted and additionally fixed with special roofing staples.In some places used for fastening metal corner.
  4. Depending on the type and weight of the roofing material is solid or sparse crate.Sparse crate sewn nails in increments of 10 cm up to half a meter.For it can be used and edging board, peeled.It is important that the board has the same thickness and distributed evenly over the roof surface.For continuous use furring resistant chipboard, OSB or plywood.Attach a better self-tapping screws for wood.

Thermal insulation, waterproofing and vapor barrier gable roof

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designing drawing a gable roof, consider insulation and vapor barrier.It is especially necessary insulation from metal sheets for roofs.

  1. used poletilenovaya thick film for vapor barrier and waterproofing.Roll starting to roll from the bottom of the rafters and fastened with a thin rail at the edge of the end rafters.The next series is expanded with overlap of 20-30 cm, and so row by row until the skate.Skating can be a little more overlap and both sides sloping roof.On top of the film stuffed crate.
  2. If the height of the attic allows the insulation is made after the roofing works inside.To pick up a light insulation material, polystyrene foam or mineral wool into slabs or rolls.The free space between the rafters is filled with insulation and inciting boards, as well as lathing.

The final stage of work - stitching gables and eaves knocked on the filly.This applies to finishing work and can use a variety of materials.Not only planed board and siding, plastic siding, plywood or OSB.