Build Daily

December 12, 2017 00:15

Garage of cinder blocks with their hands

To build garages from a cinder block began in the 70s of the last century and still this technology remains relevant. Because it allows you to build a solid "house" for a car for a short time and with little material costs.

Contents

  • Building material
  • Pros and Cons of the Asphalt Blocks
  • Beginning of construction
  • Basement for the garage
  • Construction of the plinth, the gate and the walls
  • Construction of the roof and roof
  • Construction of the blind, floors

Building material

Slagblock is made from ash and slag by pressing concrete. Less common are not expensive components in the form of battles of brick, sand or screening gravel. To increase the thermal conductivity, in the construction material there is a part of expanded clay, perlite or polystyrene.
The structure of the slag blocks is porous, they resemble a brick in shape, only with holes inside, they do not have a large weight, and their dimensions are large, in combination, these qualities make the

cinder block an almost ideal building material. Slag blocks come in two varieties:

  1. Hollow, their weight ranges from 15-21 kg.
  2. Full body, weight of which reaches 27 kg.

For construction, the blast furnace block, consisting of particle-granules, is more often used than these particles are larger, the easier the material is and the lower its thermal conductivity.
Many people, knowing what price category of cinder block, in absentia consider this material not reliable, but it is not. Garages from the cinder block are durable, not subject to fire and will last at least half a century for sure.

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Advantages and disadvantages of the garage from slag blocks

This type of garage construction has a number of advantages as well as disadvantages:
Advantages include:

  1. Low material cost.
  2. A small consumption of cement when laying material.
  3. Simplicity of laying and speed of object erection.
  4. An uncomplicated foundation thanks to the light weight of the cinder block.
  5. A wide range of applications.

The disadvantages are:

  1. Low sound insulation.
  2. Relatively low strength.
  3. Inclusion in the composition of toxic substances.

Plus all the same it turns out more, but to solve, of course, to the builder.
There is one cinder block from 25 to 45 rubles, thanks to the porous structure, cement is consumed less than, for example, when laying bricks. And if you build a garage from the cinder block with your own hands, then you save about 20 rubles for 1 piece. So, that such a garage will be very budgetary.

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Beginning of construction

Usually, the construction of garbage from the cinder block begins with viewing the photo of the finished structures, then the project, estimates, purchases and construction are being compiled.
Before starting the construction work, you need to do the following:

  1. Inspect the terrain where the garage will be built, learn about the composition of the soil, how much it freezes in winter, and where the groundwater passes.
  2. Determine how far communications, water and light pass.
  3. Describe the project of the garage from the cinder block.
  4. Make a calculation of materials.

To assess the scale of construction, you need to draw up a project. Many inexperienced builders of this word are frightened, imagining a heap of drawings. In fact, it's enough to sketch out everything that you plan to build by hand. The project will greatly accelerate the construction process.
What should be in the project:

  1. Purpose of construction: to determine whether the car will only be stored in the garage, or it can also be repaired there.
  2. Dimensions of the garage.
  3. Presence of a viewing pit or a cellar.
  4. Number of consumables.

Well-designed project will not miss all the important points and nuances in the construction.
Now you need to decide how much you need a cinder block for building a garage. The block in the standard measures 30x19x19 cm. 13 cinder blocks are placed in a square meter. Now you need to calculate the garage's area, take away the size of the gate, and multiply the area of ​​the building by 13, and you will get the number of the cinder block that will be needed for the garage.

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The foundation for the garage

After you have received permission to build a garage, you can start work:

  1. Make ground on the markings with a rope and pegs.
  2. Dig a trench for the foundation( width 40 cm, depth 1 m).
  3. Align the walls so that they are even.
  4. Remove soil from the bottom of the trench so that it is not loose.
  5. Fill with layers of a trench: a layer of sand, a layer of sand with broken bricks or stone. Each layer should be 15 cm and well tamped, the last layer should be 10 cm from the ground.
  6. To make the foundation more durable, it is recommended to fill it with cement mortar.
  7. Make a blind area, so that not melt water accumulates after the rain.

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Construction of socle, gates and walls

To build a socle, it is necessary to install a formwork, 10 cm wide. If the place under the garage is not perfectly level, you need to find the highest point and add 10 cm to it, from this distance mark the horizon. Next, the socle must be waterproofed, two layers of roofing material are suitable for this. Thus, the walls will not absorb moisture from the ground.
Before you erect walls, you need to put the gate, so they will be better fixed by laying. To have additional strength, the frame should be welded with bars 12 cm in diameter, then they will be harnessed behind the seams of the masonry. Before installing the gate, they must be painted in two layers. They are set strictly on the vertical with the help of a level. Fixed with wooden braces.
There are no special rules on how to build a garage wall from a cinder block. Everything is done according to the same principles as in brickwork. It is possible to put a cinder block in a half-stone, in a stone - in one and a half or two stones. As practice shows, if you put a cinder block in 1 stone, then this garage can withstand a temperature of -20 degrees and gusts of 18 m / s.
Do not forget to make ventilation in the wall, since the garage must be well ventilated so that no carbon monoxide accumulates, there is no vapor from the oil adhered to the snow wheels.
With regard to the insulation of walls, the event is not mandatory, but desirable. The humidity in the insulated garage will be increased, and it is possible, in cold weather, the walls will be damp. Why, then, do we warm the garage? The answer is simple - in order to avoid sharp temperature changes in the garage, which has a very negative effect on the condition of the car. Yes, and repair in a warm garage more comfortable than in the cold. Warm up can be polystyrene or fiberglass, on top you can attach polyethylene, which protects against dirt, and lastly, sew GCR.

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Construction of ceiling and roof

To build an overlap, it is necessary to buy I-beams, 120 mm high, and 250 mm wider than the room itself. And then perform the following actions:

  1. Lay the beams in steps of 80 cm so that they repeat the slope of the longest wall, across the garage.
  2. To lay the beams, the thickness of which is 40 mm, the bottom is as tight as possible.
  3. On top of the beams lay ruberoid.
  4. Above the ruberoid put slag or expanded clay.
  5. Make sure that the front and rear of the roof protrude 20 cm. These will be some kind of visors that will protect the walls from the rain.
  6. On the top of the slag you need to do a 20 mm tie.
  7. You can protect the roof from humidity by using a calculator. Prior to its application, the screed should be treated with a primer.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Construction of blind area, floors

The garage floor is built on the same level as the base. The concrete screed should be a thickness of 10 cm.

  1. Soil cleared and leveled, if there are large irregularities, then it is covered with fine gravel or sand. Concrete 200 is suitable for this purpose.
  2. The concrete mix is ​​poured continuously and in layers. When lighthouses meet, you need to carefully get around them and put concrete between them.
  3. When the concrete grabs, the floor needs to be wiped.
  4. A similar method is used to make a blind with a width of 50 cm. The concrete layer in this case can be about 5 cm. To melt the water down after the rain, the blind area is made with a slope.

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The finish of the garage is the simplest. You can trim the walls with cement mortar, then plaster and whiten. And you can and sew clapboard.
Here is the garage and ready, it remains only to arrange all the things inside it in places, to determine the place for tools and dear to the heart of things. If you still doubt whether you can cope with the construction of a garage of cinder blocks, you can see a video that demonstrates all the technology of building construction.