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Sockets, Switches, Junction Box

August 12, 2017 18:07

How to install a wall outlet ?

carry out the installation and connection socket with their hands can even novice electrician.The event does not present much difficulty, and also will save from 500 to 700 rubles (the average price of the wizard).Today decided to use the outer mounting sockets and hidden way.Next we will look at how to install and connect the two versions.

Outer method is used for mounting open wiring (on top of the decorative wall finishing).In this case, the housing is fixed to the wall by means of anchors.

Open wiring in the house

Installing internal sockets applied in the case, if the line is laid in a special Stroebe (for example, during the installation of wiring in the apartment).In this case, you must first install podrozetnik into the wall, then move on to the connection socket itself.

Hidden wiring in the house

we now consider in detail each of the methods.

draw your attention to what is currently being used with a grounding wiring circuit, so the socket connection technology will be discussed in this article from the ground!

Wiring harness with ground

  • Installation Options
  • Inside the walls
  • Public method
  • Useful tips
  • Video instruction

Installation Options

Inside the walls

Installation socket insidewall made more frequently asin this case the buried body is not evident and does not spoil the whole interior of the room.

Before starting work, we need the following materials and tools:

  • plastic Escutcheon - 1 pc .;
  • inner socket - 1 pc .;
  • alabaster;
  • screwdriver (curly, straight and with the indicator);
  • a sharp knife;
  • pliers.

Please note that the wiring in the scope of this article.Connecting the electrical outlet made Stroebe finished with painted veins!To learn more about laying the wire, you can in the article: wiring in the house!

Appearance Stroebe

Appearance Stroebe

So that information was perceived more easily offer to your attention the step by step instructions for installing sockets in a concrete wall:

Step 1 - Turn off

electricity is very important to the electrical installation works beginning disableelectricity in the room.To do this in the control panel, switch off the appropriate Machine, and then verify the presence of current at the installation site using a screwdriver indicator.

Using a screwdriver indicator

Using a screwdriver indicator

Step 2 - Installing the Escutcheon

there are metal and plastic Enclosures Today.Prefer must be the last, becausethey are low in cost and size corresponding to the new standards.If you decide to install the socket in the metal podrozetnik, lock core arching legs unlikely, so that the body will hang and eventually fails.

Escutcheon To install the plastic carrier in the wall is recommended to use plaster.Stroebe needs a little moistened with water, then apply a solution of 2-3 mm and fix the product quickly.

Mounting Escutcheon

Mounting Escutcheon

also possible to carry out fixing with screws, but in this case, the reliability of the installation is not as high.Thereafter the holes are inserted in the wiring conductor, as shown in the photograph.

Fixing lived in housing

Fixing lived in housing

Step 3 - Enclosure attachment

Now you need to set the body itself - a place where they will connect the contacts.To start with all 3 wires (ground zero and phase) should be cleaned with a knife from the insulation.stripping length should be not less than 7 mm (preferably 10 mm).Further, all contacts must be secured in the housing.mechanism design includes 5 screws: 2 side for the thrust legs, 1 for grounding (center) and 2 for phase / zero (the right and left of center).All you have to do is loosen the 3 central screw, insert the stripped conductor and carefully tighten with a screwdriver.

Construction products

Product Design

draw your attention to the fact that the phase you want to connect into the left hole (if you look at the body fixed in the wall), and zero - to the right.This custom has long been used by electricians and allows you to quickly find all of the conductors, if there is no color-coded wires.

After that is necessary to fix the housing in the Escutcheon.To do this, exactly put it in the wall (to the end of the installation the plug is not skewed) and using the side screws rasperet legs so that they securely crashed into the wall.

Tightening the screws lived

There should also give useful advice.When selecting outlets for the home, give preference to products that have a foot with two teeth - they are more firmly fixed in the wall!

Instead of tabs can be used Consignment housing (provided in the photo below).In this case, fastening is done with screws on both sides of the rim.

Invoice design

Step 4 - Install edging

Now that all screws are tightened securely, you must hide the body of the decorative trim.It also fixed by a central screw.Nothing complicated, just tightens the screws until they stop.

Here and all installation and connection of the inner socket with his hands technology.Always make sure that all wires are securely fastened.If the junction will be weakened, after some time the body begins to melt due to the heat that will soon lead to spontaneous ignition wiring and short-circuit!

Public method

outdoor electrical socket option is used when installing wiring in the bath and the garage.

The advantage of this construction is as follows:

  • a simple replacement, repair and installation;
  • can quickly identify problems on the external product form.


  • increased cost of the product;
  • open wiring may impair the interior of the room.

Thus, we consider how to install an outdoor power outlet and connect it to a network of 220 volts.As in the previous case, you must first de-energize the room and make sure that there is no electricity using a screwdriver indicator.Further it is necessary to disassemble the housing, which consists of a rear cover of the front cover and the core.

First fasten the rear cover to the wall.To this end, we lean her exhibit on the level (to avoid bias) and note the locations of fixing holes in pencil.Thereafter, the marked spots with a drill reams and trying to drive them dowels.Now you can fix the cap screws and proceed to connect the wires.

Connecting core in Stroebe

draw your attention to the fact that between the back cover and the wall (which, as a rule, wood) it is recommended to enclose paronite.This material will prevent spontaneous combustion when ignited wall insulation.

When all three contacts are tightened cogs, you can install the front cover, on which the process of connecting and ends.It remains only to give you a few useful tips that will properly connect the outlet with your hands!

Useful tips

Experienced electricians are advised to consider the following recommendations when installing sockets in the house:

  1. If you need to connect several appliances together in the same room, it is better to set the socket strip.In this case, there is no need to lay a separate line for each electrical "point" becauseAll products connected loop (as in Scheme).
  2. When buying podrozetnik choose products with ribbed inner walls.This will allow more reliably engage the legs of bursting during installation.
  3. If the inner walls are smooth, with a chisel cut through the small hole just below the tabs hook to the socket does not fall out, and do not fall out in the future.
  4. turn to the core recorded smoothly When the thrust screw the legs screws.If the first stop to tighten one bolt and then the other, misalignment occurs.
  5. Height outlet placement is not specified, but is generally accepted to carry out the installation of the product at 60 cm above the floor.In the children's room height should be increased to one and a half meters, the child is not in danger when his curiosity.Do not mount the product of less than 20 cm from the floor, asduring wet cleaning may occur ingress of water to the product, causing negative effects.
  6. case where the cable will break in Stroebe, and its length is not enough to connect the outlet, it is recommended to apply one of the ways of wiring.The best way - ration, but also allowed the use of terminal blocks!
  7. Crank contacts above.In this case, maintenance and repair will be more convenient.
  8. Use the socket only by quality manufacturers: Legrand (Legrand), Schneider Electric (Schneider Electric), etc.

Video instruction

also recommend that you review this instruction video, which will allow more to see how to properly install and connect the outlet:

illustrative video lesson

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