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August 12, 2017 18:07

SNIP 2.08.02-89 * - Public buildings and facilities

SNIP 2.08.02-89 * - Public buildings and facilities

building regulations


PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES

SNIP 2.08-02-89 *

Moscow 2006

developed a scientific and architectural center of public and industrial buildings and structures Goskomarhitektury ( YA Sharonov , VI Podolsky ), educational buildings CNIIEP Goskomarhitektury (cand. architect. AM Garnets ,. candidate of Technical Sciences ( 3 I. Oestrich .) - the leaders of the topic;.. Dr. architect Vladimir Stepanov ; architect candidates GN Tsytovich , EB Dvorkin., SF Naumov , NN Shchetinina ;.. Candidate of Technical Sciences PE Gerke ; VSWolman ), CNIIEP urban renewal Goskomarhitektury (cand. Ehkon. Sciences ED Agranovskiy , PhD. Architect. GZ Potashnikova , AB Varshaver , NA Karpova , NG Konstantinova , TS Maximova ), CNIIEP resort and tourism buildings and complexes Goskomarhitektury (architect candidates. VV Gusev , EM Lieberman , MIMagidina ; TV Isachenko , NS Kolbaeva ), CNIIEP them.BS. Mezentsev Gos

komarhitektury (Doctor of Technical Sciences VI Travush ; architect candidates GA Muradov , VV Lazarev , EI Okuneva ; D. Halpern , AP Golubinsky , IS Schweitzer ), TsNIIEPgrazhdanselstroem Goskomarhitektury (Dr. architect SB Moses ;... Candidate architect MY Lemonade ), CNIIEP engineering equipment. Goskomarhitektury (candidates of Technical Sciences LM Zusmanovich , GV Kamenskaja , MD Ternopil ; VS Grigoriev , L. Weisman , TE. Gorovaya , NG Grigoriev , OG Loodeus , YM Sosner ), Gipron USSR Academy of Sciences (PhD. architect. DA methane , YILjamin , MA Feldman ), GiproNIIzdravom the Ministry of Health (cand.architect. APMoiseenko ;cand.honey. Sciences AIArbak ; VABridge , VA Turul , MSDobrovol'skaya ) involving Giprovuza Gosobrazovaniya USSR Giproteatr USSR Ministry of Culture, the NGO "Liftmash" MICE VVKuibyshev, VNIIPO Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR, Institute of Hygiene of children and adolescents and the Institute of General and Communal Hygiene them.Sysina USSR Ministry of Health, the Research Institute of Hygiene them.FFErismann Ministry of Health of the RSFSR, Aeroproject MGA USSR.

INCLUDED Goskomarhitekturoy.

prepared for approval Goskomarhitekturoy (candidate tehn. Sciences VI He does , IM Arkharov ) .

SNIP 2.08.02-89 * is a reissue of SNIP 2.08.02-89 with amendments number 1, 2, approved by the Decree of the USSR State Construction Committee of 28 June 1991, number 26, dated April 30, 1993 № 18 - 12, with changesnumber 3 and 4, approved by resolutions of Construction Committee of Russia on January 26, 1999 № 4, dated February 12, 2001 № 10, as well as with a change number 5, approved by decree of the State Construction Committee of Russia June 23, 2003 № 98.

paragraphs and tables, in which changes are noted in the present building regulations with an asterisk.


State Construction Committee of the USSR
(Gosstroy USSR)
Building Regulations SNIP 2.08.02-89 *
Public buildings and facilities Instead SNIP2.08.02-85

These rules and regulations apply to the design of public buildings (up to 16 floors incl.) and facilities as well as public premises built in residential buildings.When designing public premises built in residential buildings and the built and attached to it, should be further guided by the SNP 31/01/2003.

accommodation in public buildings and facilities of premises for other purposes may be subject to environmental, sanitary-epidemiological and fire safety requirements, the relevant public buildings.

List of the main groups of buildings and public premises, to which the SNP, is a mandatory Annex 1 *.

Definition of terms is given in Annex 2 * mandatory.

1. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

1.1 *. rules of counting the total, and estimated useful space, building volume, building area and number of storeys of buildings are given in Annex 3 * compulsory.

1.2 *. The decrease from the norms of areas established for individual rooms or groups of rooms, should not exceed 5%;premises, built in residential buildings - 15%.

1.3 *. When designing buildings, groups of rooms or separate rooms for public use, intended for direct services to the public and available in accordance with the design task for people with disabilities and other low mobile groups of visitors (spectators, customers, students, etc.), should be guided by the requirements of SNIP35-01-2001 and RDS 35-201-99.

1.4 *. room height from floor to ceiling, public buildings and residential resorts should be at least 3 m, and residential premises in other public buildings - in accordance with SNIP 31/01/2003.The height of the main premises of baths and bathing and recreation complexes 100 or more seats should be at least 3.3 meters and industrial premises laundry, dry cleaning - not less than 3.6 m

Notes :. 1. In some areasauxiliary facilities and hallways depending on space-planning solutions of buildings and process requirements may be appropriate to reduce the height.The height should be at least 1.9 m.

2. The height of buildings in public buildings with a total capacity of up to 40 people., And retailers selling space of 250 m2 may be taken at the height of the floor of a residential building where they are built.

1.5 *. Height technical floors determined in each case depending on the type placed in their engineering equipment and engineering systems, their operating conditions.Height in traffic areas staff to bottom speakers structures shall be not less than 1.8 m.

When designing the technical floor (technical underground), designed to accommodate only utilities with pipelines and piping insulation from non-combustible materials, the height from floor to ceilingIt may not be less than 1.6 m.

1.6. through passage in buildings should be the width (in the world) is not less than 3.5 m, not less than 4.25 m in height.

This requirement does not apply to the through openings in buildings at ground level or first floor (pedestrian walkways andothers, not intended for the passage of fire engines).

1.7.Mark floor space at the entrance to the building should be above the level of the sidewalk in front of no less than 0.15 m.

allowed to take the floor mark the entrance to the building less than 0.15 m (including penetration below the level of the pavement) atprovided protection premises from precipitation.

1.8. list of premises of public buildings, which may be placed on the ground and basement floors, is a mandatory appendix 4 *.Design of public buildings to be placed wholly or mainly in the underground space, made on special assignments for the design.

1.9. In some public buildings identified by the allocation scheme of civil defense structures must be designed dual-use premises in accordance with SNIP II-11-77 *.

1.10. Placement workshops, storerooms and other rooms intended for the design assignment for the storage or processing of combustible materials, a visual and assembly halls, as well as in the basement and ground floors of the buildings of kindergartens, schools, dormitories of boarding schools and boarding schools, hospital medical institutions and sanatoriums dormitories is prohibited.

Accommodation ski storage directly under the sleeping rooms is not allowed.

Made
Goskomarhitekturoy

Approved by Decree of the State Construction Committee of the USSR

on May 16, 1989 № 78
Term enactment
1 January 1990

1.11*. Technical underground, which laid engineering networks, should have to go outside (through the hatches size not less than 0,6 × 0,6 m or doors).

1.12. Each compartment basements or ground floors (buried more than 0.5 m) must be at least two hatches or windows 0.9 m wide and 1.2 m high, except in cases specified in SNIP II-11-77 *.The area of ​​this compartment should be no more than 700 m2.

1.13. ventilation chamber, pump, engine rooms refrigeration units, heating units and other facilities with the equipment, which is a source of noise and vibration should not be located adjacent to, above and below the visual and rehearsal halls, scenes zvukoapparatnymi, reading rooms, chambers, medical facilities,operating, rooms with a stay of children in child care centers, classrooms, office space, and cabinets with a constant presence of people, living quarters, placed in public buildings.

storey public building, the fire resistance of buildings and their elements

1.14 *. floor area between fire type 1 walls, depending on the degree of fire resistance and number of storeys of buildings to be no more than indicated in the table.1, building consumer services - in the Table.2 *, shops - in the Table.3.

Table 1

degree of fire resistance of buildings largest number of floors Area, m2 floor between the fire walls in the building
one-storey 2-storey 3-5-storey 6-9-storey 10-16-storey
I 16 6000 5000 5000 5000 2500
II 16 6000 4000 4000 4000 2200
III 5 3000 2000 2000 - -
IIIa and IIIb 1 * 2500 - - - -
IV 2 2000 1400 - - -
IVa 1 800 - - - -
V 2 1200 800 - - -
______________ * For theaters and clubs - see table..7, indoor sports facilities - paragraph 1.42, schools -. Table.6. Notes : 1 In buildings I and II degrees of fire resistance in the presence of automatic fire-extinguishing floor area between fire walls no more than half can be increased.2. Wooden walls from the inside, partitions and ceilings of buildings V degree of fire resistance of kindergartens, schools, boarding schools, medical and outpatient clinics, camps and clubs (except single-storey clubhouse with chopped bruschatymi and walls) must beplastered or covered with fire retardant paints or varnishes.3. The floor area between fire walls of single-storey buildings with a two-storey part, occupying less than 15% of the area of ​​the building construction, it should be for both single-storey buildings.4. The railway stations instead of fire walls allowed the device deluge of water curtains in two strands, located at a distance of 0.5 m and ensuring irrigation intensity is not less than 1 l / s to 1 m length curtains.Hours curtains at least 1 hour. 5. In the terminal buildings of I degree of fire resistance of floor area between fire walls can be increased to 10 000 m2 if in the basement (ground) floor is not located warehouses, storerooms and other rooms with the presence of combustible materials (exceptluggage storage and wardrobe staff).This message restrooms located in the basement and ground floor, the first floor can be carried out by open stairways and closets and storage chambers - for individual stairs in enclosed staircases.storage (except equipped with automatic mesh) and dressing rooms should be separated from the rest of the basement fire partitions of type 1 and equipped with an automatic fire-fighting installations and control towers - firebreak 6. In the terminal buildings floor area between fire walls do not limit the subjectequipment of automatic fire extinguishing units.7. The degree of fire resistance adjoined to the building of sheds, terraces, galleries, and separated by fire walls of offices and other buildings and structures is allowed to take one degree of fire resistance is lower than the degree of fire resistance of buildings.8. sports halls, halls of indoor ice rinks and halls of the baths pools (with seating for spectators and without them), as well as in the halls for training sessions of swimming pools and firing zones covered galleries (including those placed under the bleachers or embedded in other public buildings)in excess of their size in relation to the Table set.1 fire walls should be provided between the knitting (shooting ranges - fire area with a shooting gallery) and other facilities.In the lobby area and the lobby in excess of their size in relation to the set in the Table.1 instead of the fire walls can include translucent fire partition type 2.

Table 2 *

degree of fire resistance of buildings largest number of floors Area, m2 floor between the fire walls in the building
I, II 6 2500
III 2 1000
IIIa, IIIb 1 1000
IV, IVa and V 1 500
Note .The buildings I and II degrees of fire resistance in the presence of automatic fire-storey area between fire walls can be increased by not more than twice.

Table 3

degree of fire resistance of buildings largest number of floors Area, m2 floor between the fire walls in the building
storey 2-storey 3-5-storey
I, II 5 3500 3000 2500
III 2 2000 1000 -
IIIa, IIIb 1 1000 - -
IV, IVa and V 1 500 - -
Notes : 1. The single-storey buildings of grocery stores and shops such as "Supermarket» IIIa and IIIb degreesfire resistance of floor area between fire walls type 1 can be doubled, provided separating the trading floor from other rooms store fire wall type 2.2. The buildings I and II degrees of fire resistance in the presence of automatic fire-storey area between fire walls can be increased by not more than twice.3. When placing the storerooms, offices, residential and technical rooms on the upper floors of buildings shops I and II fire grade height of buildings can be increased by one floor.

1.14 and *. in buildings I, II, III degrees of fire resistance for the attic floor is allowed to take the fire resistance of load-bearing building structures 0.75 hours with a zero limit the spread of fire by separating it from the lower floors of fire lapped the 2nd type.In this case, the attic floor, regardless of the number of storeys of the building must be separated by fire walls 2 diabetes.floor area between fire walls shall be: for buildings I and II degrees of fire resistance of not more than 2000 m2, for buildings of III degree of fire resistance - not more than 1400 m2.If there is in the attic of automatic fire-extinguishing systems, this area may be increased by no more than 1.2 times.