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August 12, 2017 18:07

SNIP 3.04.01-87 - Insulation and finishes

SNIP 3.04.01-87 - Insulation and finishes

building regulations


SNIP 3.04.01-87

State Construction Committee of the USSR

Moscow 1988

DESIGNED TSNIIOMTP USSR State Construction Committee (candidate of technical sciences NN Zavrazhin -. Leaders, VA Anzigitov ) with the participation of TsNIIpromzdany USSR State Construction Committee (candidate of Technical Sciences I...P. Kim ), TsNIIEPzhilischa Goskomarhitektury (cand. tehn. Sciences DK Baulin ), NIIMosstroy Moscow City (Dr. Sc. Sciences prof. ED Belousov , PhD. tehn. Sciences G.S. Aghajanov ), SKTB Glavtonnelmetrostroya Mintrasstroya Soviet Union (the candidate tehn. Sciences VV Krylov , VG Golubov ), the Office of Soyuzmetrospetsstroy Mintrasstroya USSR ( AP Levin , PFLytvyn ), NIIZhB USSR State Construction Committee (Dr. Sc.Sciences prof. FM Ivanov ).


prepared for approval by the Office of standardization and technical standards in the constru

ction of the State Construction Committee of the USSR ( DI Prokofiev ).

With the introduction of SNIP 3.04.01-87 "Insulation and finishes" are repealed SNIP III-20-74 *, SNIP III-21-73 *, SNIP III-V.14-72;GOST 22753-77, GOST 22844-77, GOST 23305-78.

When using the standard document should be considered approved change building codes and state standards, published in the journal "Bulletin of construction machinery", "Compendium of changes to building regulations," State Construction Committee of the USSR and the information signs "State Standards of the USSR" State Standard of the USSR.

State Construction Committee of the USSR (the USSR State Committee for Construction)
Building Regulations SNIP 3.04.01-87
Insulation and finishes Instead:
SNIP III-20-74 *;
SNIP III-21-73 *;
SNIP III-B.14-72;
GOST 22753-77;
GOST 22844-77;
GOST 23305-78


1.1.These building codes apply to the production and acceptance of work on the device insulation, decorative and protective coatings and floors of buildings and structures, except for work, due to the special operating conditions of buildings and constructions.

1.2.Insulation, finishes, protective coatings and floor design must be carried out in accordance with the project (finishes in the absence of project requirements - according to the standard).Replacement of materials provided by the project, products and formulations are allowed only in agreement with the project organization and the customer.

1.3.Work on the production of thermal insulation work can start only after the registration certificate (permit), signed by the customer, the representatives of the installation company and the organization that performs heat insulation work.

1.4.The unit of each element insulation (roof), floor protective coatings and finishing should be done after checking the correctness of the corresponding underlying element with the preparation of an act of examination of the hidden works.

1.5.If appropriate justification as agreed with the customer and the project organization is allowed to assign means of production and work organization and technological solutions, as well as define methods, amounts and types of registration quality control work, other than those prescribed in these Regulations.

USSR State Committee
approved Resolution

State Construction Committee of the USSR
on December 4, 1987 № 280

administration by 1 July 1988



2.1.Insulation and roofing work is allowed to perform 60 to minus 30 ° C environment (production of works with the use of hot mastic - an ambient temperature not lower than minus 20 ° C, using water-based without antifreeze additives is not lower than 5 ° C).

2.2.The grounds under the roof and insulation in accordance with the project the following works need to perform:

seal the joints between the slabs of the teams;

arrange temperature and contraction joints;

mount fitting pieces;

plastered portions of the vertical surfaces of the stone structures at the height of the abutment roll and emulsion-mastic carpet roofing and insulation.

2.3.Insulation materials and formulations must bear the continuous and uniform layers or a single layer, without gaps and sagging.Each layer is necessary to arrange for the cured surface prior to leveling compositions applied except painting.When preparing and cooking insulating composition should comply with Table.1.

Table 1

Specifications Tolerances Control (method, amount, type of registration)
bitumen and tar (pitch) must be used free of impurities and dehydrated.Heat must not exceed, ° C: measuring, periodic, but at least 4 times per shift, the magazine works
bitumen - 180 ± 5%
tar (pitch) - 140 ± 7%
fillers (fillers) should be sifted through a sieve with a mesh size in mm: - same
sand - 1,5
for dust - 2
for fiber - 4
humidity fillers (fillers): measuring, periodically, at least 4 times per shift, the magazine works
sand Up to 2%
for compositionswith sealing additives to 5%
other compositions to 3%
temperature emulsions and their components, ° C: same, at least 5-6 times per shift, magazineworks
bitumen - 110 + 10 ° C
solution emulsifier - 90 + 7 ° C
latex (when administered in emulsion) - 70 minus 10 ° C
uniformity in the distribution of bitumen and bitumoperlite bitumokeramzite - 90% ± 2% same
factor seals bitumoperlita and bitumokeramzita pressure 0,67-0,7 MPa - not less than 1,6 - «
temperature of the substrate mastics, ° C: «
hot bitumen - 160 + 20 ° C
hot tarry - 130 + 10 ° C
cold (in winter) - 65 + 5 ° C
insulation, dispersion-reinforced fiberglass (fiber glass): measuring, periodic measurements of at least 16 per shift (every 0.5 hourswork), journal papers
sizes fibers - 20 mm + 20 mm
ratio by weight of aluminous cement in portland cement - 90 10 content of the portland cement not less than 400, aluminate, tricalcium by weight - not more than 8%.Glass roving, must not have a paraffin lubricant Until 80:20
Heavy concrete for roofs device without insulating cover (roof) must contain: - measuring, periodically, at least 4 times per shift, work log
plasticizers and air-entraining additives, aggregates of graded sand and gravel krupnofraktsionirovannogo;
Portland - hydrophobic, containing not more than 6% of calcium aluminate;
gravel igneous rocks or gravel with a strength of at least 100 MPa in water-saturated condition;size distribution of the crushed stone, mm:
5-10 25-50%
10-20 75-50%
sand protective layer module size - 2,1 - 3,15
Gravel and other frost-resistant mineral materials must be sorted and washed - same


2.4.Dedusting grounds must be performed before applying ogruntovochnyh and insulating compositions, including sticking adhesives and mastics.

2.5.Levelling (of cement and sand, gypsum, gipsopeschanyh solutions and asphalt mixtures) should arrange zahvatki width of 2-3 m along the guide rails with leveling and sealing surface.

2.6.Priming substrates before application of gluing and insulating compositions to be performed continuous without gaps and breaks.Ogruntovku screeds made of cement-sand mortar, should be carried out no later than 4 hours after installation, applying a primer on slowly evaporating solvents (with the exception of ties with the surface slope of more than 5%, when the priming should be carried out after hardening).At the base of the surface preparation is necessary to comply with Table.2.

primer should have strong adhesion to the base, on the tampon attached to it should not remain traces of the binder.

Table 2

Specifications Tolerances Control (method, amount, type of registration)
Permissible foundation surface deviation in the roll and bezrulonnoy emulsion and mastic insulation and roofing: - Measuring, technical inspection, at least 5 measurements at 70-100 m2 every surface or on site at the area in places determined by visual inspection
along the slope and on a horizontal surface ± 5 mm
across the slope and a verticalsurface ± 10 mm
of piece goods:
along and across the slope ± 10 mm
deviations from the plane of a given slope (the entire area) 0,2% same
thickness of the structural element (of the project) 10% «
number of irregularities (smooth contours totaling not more than 150 mm) on a surface area of ​​4 m2 not more than 2 «
primer Thickness:
for the roofing of the deposited material - 0,7 5%
at ogruntovke solidified ties - 0,3 5%
at ogruntovke ties within 4 hours after applying the solution - 0,6 10% «

2.7.Humidity base before applying the primer should not exceed the values ​​given in Table.3. On wet grounds may be applied only to a primer or insulating compositions, water-based, if the moisture is acting on the surface of the base, does not violate the integrity of the coating film.

2.8.Metal surfaces of pipelines, equipment and fixing elements for the insulation, must be free from rust and corrosion protection to be - processed in accordance with the project.

2.9.Isolation-mounted equipment and pipelines should be carried out after securing a permanent position in the project.Thermal insulation of equipment and pipelines in places difficult to isolate, it is necessary to perform the full installation including the device cover shells.

insulation of pipelines, located in impassable channels and trays, must be performed before installing them into the channels.

2.10.Equipment and pipes filled with the substance should be exempted from them to start the production of insulation works.

2.11.Roll insulation materials in the production of works in subzero temperatures must be within 20 hours to warm to a temperature of at least 15 ° C, rewind and take to the place of installation in insulated containers.

2.12.When the device insulation of roofs of large-sized panels with integrated roof membrane roof sealing of joints of panels coated at the factory and pasting should be done after checking the insulation panels mounted.

Insulation and roofs from rolled materials

2.13.Roofing and waterproofing carpet from rolled materials with pre-weld factory mastic layer is necessary to stick to the pre-primed base by melting or liquefaction (plasticizing) mastic layer material without the use of gluing mastics.The strength of gluing must be at least 0.5 MPa.

Liquefaction mastic layer should be carried out at an air temperature not below 5 ° C with simultaneous laying of the carpet roll or before stacking (depending on ambient temperature).

Meltdown mastic layer should be carried out simultaneously with the layout panels (the temperature of the molten mastic - 140-160 ° C).Each laid a layer of roofing you must roll on the roller to the device later.

2.14.Roll materials before the label should be marked on the place of installation;layout of panels of roll materials must ensure compliance with the values ​​of their overlap with the label.

Mastic should be in accordance with the project applied uniformly solid, without permits or bandpass layer.When spot gluing panels to the base of the mastic should be applied after rolling panels in the hole locations.

2.15.At the device of roll roofing insulation or using adhesives hot mastic should be applied to the primed base immediately before the label panels.Cold mastic (glue) should be applied to the base or panel in advance.Between applying sticking compositions and gluing of panels must be observed technological interruptions, ensuring strong adhesion sticking compounds with a base.

Each layer must be laid after hardening mastic, and a lasting adhesion to the base of the previous layer.

2.16.Panels of rolled roofing materials in the device must be bonded:

in the direction from lower to higher areas to the location of panels along the length perpendicular to the water flow at a roof pitch of up to 15%;

towards Photo - roofs with slopes greater than 15%.

Cross sticker panels and roof insulation is not allowed.View Sticker roll of carpet (solid, strip or point) must comply with the project.

2.17.When the sticker cloth insulation and the roof should fall on lap 100 mm (70 mm wide panels of the lower layers of roofing roofs with a slope of more than 1.5%).

2.18.Fiberglass insulation when the roof or device must be spread, putting without forming waves, immediately after application of hot mastic and mastic to cover not less than 2 mm thick.

Subsequent layers should be stacked similarly after cooling the lower layer of mastic.

2.19.Temperature and contraction joints in screeds and joints between slabs of coatings need to cover the strips of web material up to 150 mm wide and stick with a side seam (joint).

2.20.At the junction of the roof to the projecting surfaces (parapets, pipelines and so on. D.) Roofing rug should be raised to the top of the rim covering, glued with mastic on top proshpatlevkoy horizontal seams.By attaching additional layers of roofing should be done after the device the top layer of the roof immediately after the application of sticking mastic a continuous layer.

2.21.When the label panels along the roof cladding of the roof top of the cloth of the lower layer should overlap the opposite slope of not less than 1000 mm.Mastic should be applied directly under the rolling roll of the three stripes 80-100 mm wide.Subsequent layers need to stick to a solid layer of mastic.

When the label panels across the roof slope upper part of the flag of each layer to be placed on the ridge, should overlap the opposite slope of the roof 250 mm and adhered to a solid layer of mastic.