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August 12, 2017 18:07

SNIP 31/06/2009 - Public buildings and facilities

SNIP 06/31/2009 - Public buildings and facilities

System of normative documents in construction

building regulations


SNIP 31-06-2009

The updated edition
SNIP 2.08.02-89 *



Moscow 2009


SNIP is actualized 06.31.2009 edited SNIP 2.08.02-89*, approved by order of Russian Ministry of Regional Development on 1 September 2009 number 390 and entered into force on 1 January 2010

INSTEAD SNIP 2.08.02-89 *.


Sections 3, 5 - 7 and 9 of these rules are the requirements, consistent with the objectives of technical regulations and subject to mandatory compliance, taking into account paragraph 1 of Article 46 of the Federal Law "On Technical Regulation".Section 8 of these rules are the requirements, consistent with the objectives of the Federal Law "On energy saving".

Actualization is made by a team: JSC "Inst

itute of Public Buildings" (..... Hand threads - Candidate architect A.M. Garnets, PhD architect Smyvina LA, LV Sigacheva Ing.);SUE "MNIIP Mosproekt 4" (Dr. architect A. Anisimov.);FSUE CNIISK.VAKucherenko (.. Candidate of Technical Sciences VN Zigern Corn);Of "central nervous system" (Ph.D. architect L. Viktorov..);CJSC "Giprozdrav - NPC Object health and leisure" (.. Candidate architect LF Sidorkova, Tolmachev MV tehn.);MGRS (. Doctor of Technical Sciences Holschevnikov VV);SUE "Mosproekt 2 them.MVStaves-on "(architect AG Lokshin.);JSC "MosOtis" (Eng SM dig-Burd..);Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Research Institute of Physical Culture" (architect JG Jura.);NPF "Feed Inter" (AV Nagolkin Ing.);SUE "MNIITEP" (Eng., Son of John VA).

SNIP 31-06-2009

building regulations of the Russian Federation

public buildings


Date of introduction 2010-01-01

1. Scope

1.1.These rules and regulations apply to the design of new, reconstructed and capitally repaired public buildings up to 55 m * with basement and multi-level parking, projected on SNIP 21-02.The requirements of these standards also apply to public utility premises, built in residential buildings and other objects corresponding to the sanitary-epidemiological requirements to public buildings, embedded in these objects (hereinafter - public buildings).


* 3des onwards, unless otherwise stated, the height of the building is determined by the top floor location in height, not including the upper technical floor, and floor location of the height is determined by the difference between the marks passage surface for the fire engines and the lower boundary of an opening of the opening (window) inthe outer wall.

1.2.For public premises built in residential buildings and the built and attached to them, should be considered as requirements of SNIP 31-01.

1.3.Accommodation in public buildings and facilities of premises for other purposes may be subject to environmental, sanitary-epidemiological and safety requirements, the relevant public buildings.

1.4.The provisions of these regulations should be followed in the design of buildings and premises of institutions and enterprises of different ownership forms, and various organizational and legal forms.

1.5.List of the main groups of buildings and public premises, which are subject to these rules and regulations is given in Appendix A.

1.6.The terms used in the text and their definitions are given in Annex B.

1.7.These rules do not apply to the design, seasonal and mobile buildings for public use.

2. Normative references

Normative documents for which the text of these standards referenced are shown in Appendix B.

3. General requirements

3.1.The layout and equipment of buildings, groups of buildings or individual rooms, as well as areas for public use facilities intended for direct services to the public and accessible, in accordance with the design task for people with disabilities and other low mobile groups of visitors (spectators, customers, students, etc..), must comply with SNiP 35-01 and 35-101 SP and SP 35-103.

3.2.Rules for calculation of common and useful design area, building volume, building area and number of storeys of buildings are given in Appendix G.

3.3.The height of the buildings clean (floor to ceiling) is taken for public buildings, as a rule, not less than 3 m for the classrooms of educational institutions height purity - not less than 3.6 m.;zatesnennoy in the building allowed to take the floor height from floor to floor 3.6 m.

room height defined functional processes should be set for the relevant technological standards and requirements.

in rooms and corridors of the auxiliary processes to functional purpose, depending on the space-planning solutions of buildings and process requirements may be appropriate to reduce the height.The height should be at least 2.2 m.

height of the embedded public premises with a total capacity up to 40 people, and retailers selling space of 250 m2 may be taken at the height of the floor of a residential building where they are built.

3.4.The height of the technical floor is determined depending on the type being placed in it the engineering equipment, engineering networks and optimal conditions for their operation.Height in traffic areas staff to bottom speakers structures shall be not less than 1.8 m.

In the technical floor (technical underground), designed to accommodate only utilities with pipelines and piping insulation from non-combustible materials, floor-to-ceiling height mustbe not less than 2.1 m.

3.5.Mark floor space at the entrance to the building should be, as a rule, above the level of the sidewalk in front of no less than 0.15 m.

allowed to take the floor mark the entrance to the building less than 0.15 m (including penetration belowpavement), subject to the protection of premises from precipitation.

3.6.The list of premises of public buildings, which may be placed on the ground and basement floors, is given in Appendix D.

3.7.In some public buildings identified by the allocation scheme of civil defense structures should include dual-use premises in accordance with the design assignment.

3.8.In public buildings as a means of vertical transport can be used elevators, escalators and moving walks (moving walkways), lifting platform for the disabled, as well as other devices for vertical transportation, taking into account the design technology of functioning of the object.

3.9.Passenger elevators are provided:

in public buildings - at the level of the floor of the upper storey of 9.9 meters or more from the level of the first floor;

in spas and sanatoriums;in hotels, camp sites and motels "three stars" category - at the level of the top floor of 6.6 m or more from the floor level of the first floor;

in building hospitals and maternity hospitals, ambu-latorno clinics;in the buildings of public social service agencies, as well as in hotels and motels digits "five stars" and the "four-star" - at any height of the building.

allowed not include the installation of an elevator when the superstructure of the existing building attic floor.

Hospital lifts should include:

buildings hospitals (excluding administrative building), maternity homes, hospices, homes nursing, rehabilitation centers;in nursing homes for the disabled, spas and sanatoriums ward at the location (residential) offices on the 2nd floor and above, including the floor, which transported the sick to move to other housing.

Passenger elevators may be optional if the design and the management system of hospital elevators are adapted also for passenger transport, and their number is sufficient for the calculation of the carrying capacity of these lifts.

need to install service lifts and other means of vertical transport, other than those specified in this paragraph shall be provided in accordance with the technological requirements.

3.10.If there is a public building on the second floor (level) and the above premises intended including disability services, passenger lifts and lifting devices for people with disabilities should be designed in accordance with SNIP 35-01.

3.11.The number of passenger elevators should be installed by calculation, but not less than two.It allowed a second elevator to replace the truck in which people are allowed to be transported, if on the calculation of the vertical transportation in the building of a passenger elevator installation is sufficient.

One of the elevators in the building (passenger or cargo) must have a minimum depth of the cabin 2100 mm for the possibility of transporting a person on a stretcher ambulance.

3.12.The distance from the door of the most remote room to the door nearest passenger lift should not exceed 60 m Width

lift lobby passenger lifts must be at least:.

with single in elevators - with a depth of the elevator car up to 1.5 m - 2,0 m, over 1.5 to 2.0 m - 2.5 m, more than 2.0 m - 1.3 depth of the elevator car;

with two-row arrangement with a common elevator hall -. Least twice the depth of the cabin, but no more than 5 m

front of the elevator with a depth of 2100 mm and a width of the cabin lift lobby must be at least 2.5 m

3.13..Ventilation chambers, shafts and engine rooms of elevators, pumps, engine rooms refrigeration units, heating units and other facilities with the equipment, which is a source of noise and vibration, as a rule, should not be located adjacent to, above and below the visual and rehearsal halls, scenes zvukoapparatnymi,reading rooms, chambers, doctors' offices, operating, rooms with a stay of children in child care centers, classrooms, office space, and cabinets with a constant presence of people, living quarters, placed in public buildings.

Adjacent placement of these facilities is acceptable in providing them normative levels of sound pressure and vibration.

3.14.In public buildings should provide domestic water, fire and hot water supply, sewers and drains, in accordance with the requirements of SNIP 2.04.01 and Annex I.

3.15.In public buildings should include heating, ventilation or air conditioning to ensure proper temperature, humidity, air purification and disinfection.

Heating, ventilation and air conditioning of public buildings air should be designed in accordance with SNiP 41-01, SanPiN, JV 02.05.1198, GOST 30494, GOST R ISO 14644.4, GOST R 52539 and the requirements of these standards.

3.16.In public buildings must provide for electrical lighting, telephone communication network with access to the public telephone network, receiving network television and radio broadcasting, wire broadcasting network.

In the feasibility study, as well as in accordance with the design assignment building complexes, separate buildings or rooms equipped elektrochasovymi installations, alarm system, systems of information and sound systems, automation systems and building automation and other types of devices.

fire alarm systems and fire alarm shall be provided in accordance with the requirements of the joint venture and the joint venture 3.13130 ​​5.13130.

Buildings pre-school educational institutions, schools, homes for the disabled and the elderly, homes for children with disabilities should be provided with information transmission channel of the automatic fire alarm to the fire department.

3.17.In the design of public buildings in the premises, equipped with video display terminals, personal computers and other computer equipment, should take into account the requirements of SanPiN 2.2.2 / 04.02.1340 and the ability to access the Internet.

3.18.Electrical devices of public buildings, and in necessary cases - backup power sources should be designed in accordance with the requirements of SP 31-110, GOST R 50571.28 and electrical codes.

3.19.Lightning protection of public buildings is performed based on the availability of television antennas and tubal holders telephone network or the wired broadcast network in accordance with SB 153-34.21.122.

3.20.Domestic gas supply systems of public buildings should be provided in accordance with SNIP 42-01.

Installation of gas equipment in the kitchens of preschool educational institutions, canteens and cafes theaters and cinemas are not allowed.

in hospitals should provide a centralized medical gas supply in accordance with GOST 12.2.052, OST 290,004 and PB 03-576.

3.21.Through openings in buildings at ground level or first floor (hiking and other walkways or driveways), not intended for the passage of fire engines, it is permissible to do any configuration, subject to the height required for the smooth passage or transit.

through passage in buildings should be the width (in the world) is not less than 3.5 m and not less than 4.25 m in height.

3.22.The size of land plots of public buildings, as well as rules of calculation of institutions and enterprises of the service are taken in accordance with SNIP 2.07.01.Lots of public buildings, residential and other buildings must be located within the red lines set out in the draft plan, developed on the basis of master plans and land-use regulations and building settlements.

3.23.The buildings I, II and III and IV of climatic regions climatic subarea at all exterior entrances to the lobby and stairwells should be provided on the ground floor lobbies depth of at least 1.2 m and a width equal to the width of the door plus not less than 0.3 m.tambours must have natural lighting.

entrance to the building in the climatic subareas Ia, Ib and Id have to have lobbies, planning and allocation of which should provide for a device directly (pass-through) the passage of the building, and the side (rotated).

3.24.Roofs should be designed with the following requirements:

- up to two floors, inclusive - unorganized drain with the necessary device canopies over the entrances and balconies on the second floor, the eaves removal at the same time should not be less than 0.6 m;

- up to five floors inclusive - should be provided with an external gutter organized;

- six or more storeys - should get the internal drain.

on the roof of buildings higher than 10 m should be provided with a guard rail in accordance with GOST 25772.

3.25.Design of public buildings and facilities with parameters outside of these standards and requirements, as well as produced according to special technical conditions in accordance with the established procedure in the absence of technological norms of their design.

4. Requirements for the basic premises

4.1.The composition of the premises and the area determined in accordance with the functional processes of the technology appropriate types of public buildings, and in accordance with the calculated guidelines that are outlined in the present regulations.

4.2.Lowering standards areas established for individual rooms or groups of rooms should not exceed 10%;as for the rooms, built-in homes, -15%.This reduction standards should not impair the process of activity in these areas.

4.3.In the pre-school educational institutions (hereinafter - DOW) structure and area of ​​the main premises of complete cell group (for the general type of institutions), as well as small-size group of cells are taken from Table 4.1.Areas of the main premises of preschool institutions compensating for the type of disease to be taken poSanPiN

Table 4.1


Complete group box (universal for nursery and pre-school groups), m2

Ungraded group cell

Nursery, 1 child, no less, m2