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August 12, 2017 18:07

SNIP 01/31/2003 - residential apartment buildings

SNIP 31/01/2003 - residential apartment buildings

System of normative documents in construction

building regulations


SNIP 31-01-2003

construction and housing and communal complex




1 is developed by the Federal state unitary enterprise - Center for regulation and standardization methods in construction (FSUE CNS), JSC "TsNIIEPzhilischa" MNIITEP, ecology Research Institutehuman and Environmental hygiene them.AASysina with the participation of a team of experts of leading research and design organizations

INCLUDED Department of technical regulation, standardization and certification in the construction and housing Construction Committee of Russia

2 adopted and put into effect on October 1, 2003 decision of the State Construction Committee of Russia from 23.06.2003 Mr.. number 109

3 INSTEAD SNIP 2.08.01-89 *


sections 4, 6 - 10 of

these rules are the requirements, consistent with the objectives of technical regulations and subject to mandatory compliance, taking into account paragraph 1 of article 46 of the Federal law "On technicalregulation. "

Apartment buildings, construction started on the project documentation developed and approved before 1 January 2004 can be built and put into operation without adjustment of project documentation in accordance with the requirements of these regulations.

work was carried out by a team of FSUE CNS (candidate of technical sciences S. Nerses LS Eksler.), DSF Construction Committee of Russia (Ph.D. architect L. Viktorov; N. Polyakov..);JSC "TsNIIEPzhilischa" (Doctor of Technical Sciences YG Granik.);MNIITEP (architect candidates. Yakhkind SI, IS Genkina, LV Petrov, PhD. Geography. Science LI Konov, Ing. Lagover VI) NIISF RAASN (cand. Tehn.Sailors Sciences YA);UPPiN Moscomarchitecture (. AP Zobnin architect);Institute of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene them.AASysina (.. Prof. Dr. med Sciences YD provincial, candidate of medical sciences Kalinina NV..);TC 209 "lifts, construction lifts and escalators" (SM Roitburd);Management tehnormirovaniya Russian State Construction Committee (VA Glukharev).

SNIP 31-01-2003

building regulations of the Russian Federation



Date of introduction 2003-10-01


1.1 These rules andrules apply to the design and construction of newly built and reconstructed apartment buildings up to 75 m (here and hereinafter adopted in accordance with SNIP 21-011), apartment residences and premises belonging to the building premises to another functional purpose.

1 Building height is determined by the difference between the marks to the surface directions of fire trucks and the lower boundary of an opening of the opening (window) in the outer wall of the upper floors, including the attic.The upper floor is not considered technical.

The regulations do not apply: in the locked houses, projected in accordance with the requirements of SNIP 31-02, in which the premises belonging to different apartments, are not located one above the other, and are the only common wall between adjacent blocks, as well asmobile residential buildings.

limits are specified for checking the conditions of the building and shape of possession of his apartments and individual rooms.

2 References

Normative documents for which the text of these standards referenced are shown in Appendix A.

With the exclusion of the number of existing regulations, which in these regulations are referred to, should be guided by the norms,introduced to replace the excluded.


In this document the terms used, the definitions of which are given in Annex B, as well as other terms and definitions are taken by the regulatory documents listed in Appendix A.


4.1 Construction of residential buildings should be carried out on the project in accordance with the requirements of these building regulations and other legal documents that establish the rules of design and construction, on the basis of a building permit.The rules for determining the area of ​​building and number of storeys of buildings in the design shown in Annex B.

4.2 Placement of a residential building, its distance from the other buildings and structures, land the size of the house shall be established in accordance with the requirements of SNIP 2.07.01.Floors and extent determined by the project of building of buildings.In determining the number of storeys and the extent of residential buildings in seismic regions must meet the requirements of SNIP II-7 and SNIP 2.07.01.

4.3 In the design and construction of residential buildings must be provided with living conditions for people with limited mobility, accessibility, site, buildings and apartments for the disabled, wheelchair users, if the occupancy of apartments for families with people with disabilities in this residential building is set in the design assignment.

Apartment homes for the elderly should be designed not more than nine floors, for families with people with disabilities - not more than five.In other types of residential buildings of apartments for families with people with disabilities should be placed on the first floor.

In residential buildings, federal and municipal housing funds share of apartments for families with people with disabilities, wheelchair users, is installed in the design assignment by local governments.Specific requirements for life support of persons with disabilities and other people with limited mobility should be provided, taking into account local conditions and requirements of SNIP 35-01.

4.4 The project must be accompanied by instructions for the maintenance of apartments and public spaces of the house.

Instructions apartments and premises of the house must contain the data needed to tenants (owners) Apartments built public buildings, as well as the operating organizations to ensure safety during operation, including information about the basic design and engineering systems layout hiddenelements and frame components, wiring and hidden utilities, as well as the limits of loads on the elements of home construction and its grid.These data can be presented in the form of copies executive documentation.In addition, the guide should include rules for content and maintenance of fire protection systems and fire escape plan.

4.5 In residential buildings should include: domestic water, fire and hot water supply, sewers and drains, in accordance with SNIP SNIP 2.04.01 and 02.04.02;heating, ventilation, and smoke protection - in accordance with SNIP 41-01.

4.6 In residential buildings should include electric lighting, power equipment, telephones, radio, television antennas and ring alarm and automatic fire alarm, evacuation warning and control system in case of fire, the elevators for transporting fire departments and people's means of salvation in accordance with the requirementsregulations.

4.7 on the roofs of residential buildings should include the installation of collective reception antennas transmission and wireline broadcast network racks.Installation relay masts and towers is prohibited.

4.8 Provide elevators in residential buildings should be marked top floor of a residential floor, exceeding the level of the first floor level of the floor of 11.2 m.

In residential buildings, the construction begins after 01.01.2010, in the IA, IB, Id,Id IVA and climatic subareas lifts should be provided in the buildings with the mark of the top floor of a floor higher than the level of the level of the first floor to floor 9.0 m.

minimum number of passenger elevators, which must be equipped with residential buildings of varying heights, is given in Appendix G.

allowed the justification does not include elevators at the superstructure of the existing 5-storey residential building with one floor.In buildings equipped with an elevator, it is permitted not to provide the lift stop is built into the floor.

In residential buildings, which on the floors above the first apartment provides accommodation for families with people with disabilities, is used to move the wheelchair should be provided passenger lifts or lifting platforms in accordance with the requirements of SNIP 35-01, GOST R 51631 and the airbag 250.

4.9 The width of the pads in front of lifts should allow the use of an elevator for transporting a patient on a stretcher and ambulance to be not less than, m:

1,5 - before the lift capacity of 630 kg at a cabin width of 2100 mm;

2,1 - before the lift capacity of 630 kg for cabin depth of 2100 mm.

With two-row arrangement of lifts lift lobby width should be not less than, m:

1,8 - installation of elevators to the depth of the cockpit less than 2100 mm;

2,5 - installation of elevators to the depth of 2100 mm and a cabin.

4.10 In the basement, ground and first floors of a residential building (in large and major gorodah1 on the third floor) can be accommodated built and built and attached premises of public purpose, except for objects that have a detrimental effect on the person.

1 Classification cities - SNIP 2.07.01.

not allowed to post:

specialty shops chandlery, chemical and other products, the exploitation of which may lead to contamination of the territory and air-residential buildings;shops with the presence of explosive substances and materials;shops selling synthetic carpets, auto parts, tires and motor oils;

specialized fish shops;storage for any purpose, including wholesale (or wholesale) trade;

all businesses and shops to operating conditions after 23 v2;consumer services, which use flammable substances (except for hairdressers and repair shops hours total to 300 m2);baths and saunas (except individual saunas in the apartments);

2 operation time limit can be specified by local authorities.

catering and leisure places with the number more than 50, a total area of ​​250 m2 and with musical accompaniment;

laundry and dry cleaning services (excluding reception centers and laundromats capacity up to 75 kg per shift);automatic telephone exchanges with total area of ​​100 m2;public restrooms;funeral homes;Attached built and transformer substations;

industrial premises (except premises of categories B and D for disabled persons and the elderly, including: issuing centers work on the house, workshops for assembly and decorative works);dental laboratories, clinical diagnostic and bacteriological laboratory;dispensaries of all types;day care clinics and hospitals private clinics: a fracture clinic, substation ambulance and emergency care;dermato, psychiatric, infectious and TB medical reception rooms;Branch (rooms) magnetic resonance imaging;

X-ray rooms and rooms for therapeutic or diagnostic equipment and installations, which are sources of ionizing radiation, veterinary clinics and offices.

Stores synthetic carpets may be positioned and attached to the hollow portions of the walls of residential buildings with a limit of fire resistance REI 150.

4.11 in the ground and basement floors of the residential buildings is not allowed to place facilities for the storage, processing and use in a variety of installations and devices and flammableflammable liquids and gases, explosive, combustible materials;facilities for care of children;cinemas, conference rooms and other facilities with a number of knitting for more than 50 seats, as well as medical facilities.When placed in these levels in other areas should also take into account the limitations set forth in 4.10 of SNiP and Annex 4 * SNIP 2.08.02.

4.12 Loading space for public use from the yard of a residential home, where the windows of living rooms of apartments and the entrances to the residential part of the house is not allowed.

Charge public premises built in residential buildings, should be carried out: the ends of residential buildings without windows;of underground tunnels;from the highways (streets) in the presence of special loading facilities.

allowed to not provide these facilities under the boot area of ​​the built public buildings up to 150 m2.

4.13 On the top floor of residential buildings permitted to place workshops for artists and architects, as well as the office (office) premises with the number of employees in each of not more than 5 persons., At the same time should take into account the requirements of SNIP 7.2.15.

Placing office space is built in the attic floor is allowed in buildings not below II degree of fire resistance and no more than 28 m in height.

4.14 The residential floors are allowed to post for public use facilities for individual activities (within the area of ​​apartments).As part of the apartment with two-sided orientation is allowed to provide additional space for family day care for a group up to 10 people .;reception rooms for one or two doctors (in agreement with the sanitary-epidemiological service);massage parlor on one expert.

Family daycare homes may be placed in a two-way orientation, located not above the 2nd floor of a building at least II degree of fire resistance, while ensuring these apartments according to the emergency exit 6.20 *, a) or b) SNIP 21-01 and subject to availabilityplaygrounds devices on the local area.

4.15 When the device in residential buildings built or built and attached parking lots should comply with the requirements of SNIP 21-02.Residential floors and floors with rooms for kindergartens and medical institutions should be separated from the car park technical floor.

4.16 The apartment buildings in the ground, the ground or basement floors should provide the pantry cleaning equipment, equipped with a sink.

4.17 Necessity Garbage devices in residential buildings is determined by local authorities based on accepted waste disposal system.

5 REQUIREMENTS Commercial Apartments

5.1 Apartments in buildings should be designed based on the conditions of settlement of one family.

5.2 The buildings of state and municipal housing stock, the minimum sizes of the apartments on the number of rooms and their area (excluding the area of ​​balconies, terraces, porches, loggias, cold storage rooms and lobbies prikvartirnyh) are advised to take in accordance with Table 5.1.Number of rooms and area of ​​apartments for specific regions and cities to be confirmed by the local administration with regard to demographic requirements, the achieved level of security of the population and housing resource supply housing.

in homes of other forms of ownership of part of the premises and the area of ​​the apartments are set customer-developer in the design assignment.

5.3 The apartments are provided to citizens with social zhilya1 square norm in buildings of state and municipal housing funds, should provide accommodation (room) and utility: the kitchen (or kitchen niche), hall, bathroom (or shower) and restroom(or WC), storeroom (or hardware built-in closet).

1 Social norm of housing areas - housing area size for one person, determined in accordance with Art.1 and Art.11 of the Law of the Russian Federation "On the Fundamentals of Federal Housing Policy".

5.4 Ventilated drying closet for clothes and shoes provided in the construction of residential houses in the IA, IB, IIA and Id climatic subareas.

Table 5.1

Number of living rooms







Recommended areaapartments, m2

28 - 38

44 - 53

56 - 65

70 - 77

84 - 96

103 - 109