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SNIP 2.09.04-87 * - Administrative and domestic buildings

SNIP 2.09.04-87 * - Administrative and domestic buildings

building regulations

ADMINISTRATIVE AND RESIDENTIAL BUILDING

SNIP 2.09.04-87 *

Moscow 1994

developed TsNIIpromizdany USSR State Construction Committee (cand.. LA architect Skrobov - head threads LN Sherman) with the participation of the Institute of hygiene and occupational Diseases of the USSR Academy of medical Sciences (Dr. medical sciences LA Silver), Institute of social hygiene and Public health organization them..ON.Semashko, the Ministry of Health (cand. Med. Sciences Sharovar TM) VTSNIIOT Trade Unions (cand. Med. Sciences LP Queen), educational buildings CNIIEP Goskomarhitektury (cand. Architect. Garnets AM) Giproniselhoza State Agricultural Committee of the USSR(EI Pishchik) Giproniielektro Minelektrotehproma USSR (ME Evdashkin) Promstroiproekt USSR State Construction Committee (PG Tereshkin).

INCLUDED TsNIIpromzdany USSR State Committee.

prepared for approval by the Office of standardization and technical standards in the c

onstruction of the State Construction Committee of the USSR (GM Chorin, NN Svetlikova).

SNIP 2.09.04-87 * is a reissue of SNIP 2.09.04-87 with change number 1, approved by Decree of the State Construction Committee of Russia from 31.03.94 № 18-23 and entered into force on 1 July 1994

Decree of the Ministry of Construction of RussiaFebruary 24, 1995 № 18-21 adopted and entered into force on March 1, 1995 designed and made by the Ministry of Construction of Russia Glatehnormirovaniem change number 2 to the SNIP 2.09.04-87 * "Administrative and domestic buildings."

Resolution of the State Construction Committee of Russia from 14.05.2001 № 48 accepted and entered into force on 1 January 2002 submitted by the Office of the State Construction Committee of Russia tehnormirovaniya change number 3 to state building codes, "Administrative and domestic buildings" (SNIP 2.09.04-87)developed by JSC "TsNIIpromzdany" and GUP "Institute of public buildings."

sections, paragraphs, tables, formulas, in which the changes are marked in the present building regulations with an asterisk.

When using the standard document should take into account the changes approved building codes and state standards, published in the journal "Bulletin of construction machinery", "Compendium of changes to building regulations," State Construction Committee of the USSR and the information signs "State Standards of the USSR" State Standard of the USSR.


State Construction Committee
Soviet Union (USSR State Building)

Building Regulations

SNIP 2.09.04-87 *

Administrative and domestic buildings

Instead head
SNIP II-92-76

* These rules apply to the design of administrative and residential buildings1 height (SNIP 21-01-97) up to 50 m, including the attic floor, and space enterprises.

___________

1 In the future - building.

These rules do not apply to the design of office buildings and public premises.

When designing buildings, tunable in connection with the expansion, reconstruction or technical re-equipment of enterprises, grant exemptions from the requirements of these standards in terms of geometric parameters.

1. Space-planning and design solutions

1.1 *.Architectural solutions of buildings should take into account urban development with the climatic conditions of the construction area and the character of the surrounding buildings.The color finish of the interiors should be provided in accordance with GOST 14202-69 and GOST 12.4.026-76 *.

the enterprise (in the workshops and on the sites), which provides for the use of disabled persons must comply with the requirements for sanitary and special rooms, the organization of work and rest regimes, health care provided by "Uniform sanitary regulations for businesses (industrial associations), shops and areas for use of disabled persons and old-age pensioners, "the Ministry of Health (from 03/01/83, the № 2672-83), as well as additional requirements specified in the relevant paragraphs of this code, depending on the type of disability.

1.2.Administrative and domestic premises construction organizations should, as a rule, be placed in mobile buildings.It is allowed to use for this purpose of the building under construction and to be demolished.

Made
TsNIIpromzdany
USSR State Committee


Approved by Decree of the State Construction Committee of the USSR

on December 30, 1987 № 313

Term enactment
1 January 1989

1.3 *.The total area of ​​the building shall be determined in accordance with SNIP 31/03/01.The area of ​​the attic floor and attic space should be determined in accordance with Annex 3 * SNIP 2.08.02-89 *

1.4.The height of the rooms from floor to ceiling should be at least 2.5 m in climatic subareas IA, IB, Id, Id and IVA - not less than 2.7 m height assembly halls, canteens and office premises with a capacity of more than 75 people... Must be at least 3 m

Notes: 1. The height of the space in mobile buildings allowed to take 2.4 m

2. The area of ​​the premises at a height of 2.4;.2.5 and 2.7 m working with a permanent stay should be increased to 7%.

1.5.The height from the floor to the bottom of the protruding floors of structures, equipment and communications, and the height from floor to ceiling in the corridors should be not less than 2.2 m height

technical floors must be taken in view of the hosted equipment, utilities and their operating conditions.;while in traffic areas attendants height in purity should be at least 1.8 m.

1.6. * Administrative and domestic premises can be placed in the boxes and vstroykah1 industrial buildings I, II and III degrees of fire resistance class of fire danger C0, IV degreefire resistance of all classes of fire risk categories C, D and E.

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1 Insert insertion - part of a building intended to accommodate the administrative and residential premises, located within an industrial building over its entire height and width (inset), a part of itsheight or width (Insertion) and isolated by fire barriers.Boxes (incorporation) may be placed (in part) engineering equipment.

1.7. * In built pomescheniyah1 industrial buildings are allowed to provide latrines, restrooms, heating or cooling, women's personal hygiene, hand baths, drinking water supply unit, washbasin, poludushi, rooms for artists and other personnel that the conditions of production should be placednear the workplaces and in premises of categories C, D and E - and smoking.

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1 Built space should be carried out, as a rule, from the light frame structures, including the prefabricated and placed dispersed.

In buildings IVa degree of fire resistance classes C2 and C3 built premises (except restrooms, women's personal hygiene, hand baths, drinking water equipment, washrooms and poludushey) is not allowed to place in the exterior walls, floors and the attic.

height built premises (floor to ceiling) is allowed to take not less than 2.4 m.

1.8.The area of ​​the hall buildings should be at the rate of 0.2 m2 and at the enterprises, located in the North building and climate zone - 0.25 m2 per worker in the most numerous shift, but not less than 18 m2.

1.9. * In multi-storey buildings with a floor difference marks the lobby and upper floors of 12 m and more, as well as the presence on the second floor and above rooms intended for people with disabilities who use wheelchairs should include elevators.

number of elevators should be taken for the calculation should not be less than two;with one of the elevators is permitted to take cargo.One of the elevators must have the depth or width of the cab not less than 2.1 m, width - not less than 1.1 m, a width of the doorway -. Not less than 0.85 m

allowed not include the installation of lifts at the superstructure of the building attic floor with a markits floor is not more than 14 m and no premises used by disabled people on wheelchairs.

1.10.The width of the lift lobby at the line arrangement of elevators should be at least 1.3 the lowest depths of the elevator car, with two-row arrangement - at least twice the depth of the lower cabin of one of the opposite row of elevators.Before the elevator cabin with depth of 2.1 m and a width of the hall should be at least 2.5 m.

In the basement and ground floors of the lift shaft outputs should be provided through platform-sluices with air overpressure in case of fire.In buildings with two lifts them supposed to be placed in stairwells.

1.11.The buildings should provide facilities for storage, cleaning and drying, cleaning equipment, equipped with hot and cold water supplies and usually adjacent to the restrooms.The area of ​​the premises should be taken at the rate of 0.8 m2 for every 100 m2 of floor space, but not less than 4 m2.With floor area of ​​less than 400 m2 are allowed to provide one room on two adjacent floors.

1.12. * In multi-storey office buildings of 300 or more employees, as well as in multi-storey residential buildings with a total area of ​​3000 m2 and a vertical chutes should be provided with the collecting chamber.Walling garbage barrel should have a fire resistance of at least EJ30.

the collecting chamber should be placed under the barrel garbage and allocate firebreak type 1.In the collecting chamber to the water supply system must be installed sprinklers.Output from the camera to be directly outside.Above the exit should be provided from the peak of non-combustible materials.

When the superstructure of the building attic floor, the existing waste disposal system allowed not change.

1.13.Communication between heated industrial buildings and free-standing domestic buildings should be provided by heated transitions.Heated transitions are allowed not to provide a building, placed in the IV climatic region (excluding subregion IVG), and regardless of the climatic region - from heated industrial buildings with a number of employees in each of not more than 30 people.per shift.In the industrial buildings must be provided storage space for warm outdoor clothing, equipped with hangers.

1.14.Evacuation exits from the basement should be provided, usually through a separate stairwells with outputs directly to the outside.Allowed to provide access to the outside, separated from the rest of the stairwell deaf fire wall type 1.

Communication between the basement and the first floor is necessary to arrange for a private staircase leading to the first floor corridor.

1.15. * Facilities dining, meetings and conferences should be placed on the floors in accordance with the Table.1.

Table 1

degree of fire resistance of buildings

class of constructive fire danger

number of seats in the hall

Floor

I, II

CO

up to 300

1 -. 16

St. 300 to 600

1 - 5

«600

1 - 3

II

C1

up to 300

1 -. 3

III

CO

St. 300 to 600

1 - 2

III

C1

up to 300

1 -. 2

St. 300 to 600

1

IV

CO, C1

Up to 300

1

IV

C2, C3

Up to 100

1

V

nn.

Up to 100

1

1.16 * Allowed to provide one emergency exit (the door):.

a) of the located on any floor space at the same time being in it no more than 50 people, ifthe distance from the farthest point of the floor space to the specified output does not exceed 25 m;

b) of the single-storey building with a total area not exceeding 300 m2 and the number of employees in all areas of the building up to 50 people .;

in) from each floor of a multistory building, the degree of fire resistance and fire rating class is, the number of floors and the number of evacuees from the most populated floors correspond to those indicated in the table.2 at the second output device from the floor to the stairs of the 3rd type, performed in accordance with SNIP 21-01-97.

Table 2

degree of fire resistance of buildings

class of constructive fire danger

limit the number of evacuees, pers., With one floor of the building with the number of floors

2

3

4 or more

I and II

CO

70

35

15

II

C1

50

35

15

III

CO, C1

IV

CO, C1

IV

C2, C3

30

-

-

V

C1-C3

1.17.The number of evacuees from the sanitary and administrative facilities must comply with the number of workers per shift, from dining rooms, meetings and conferences - the number of seats in the halls, increased by 25%.

1.18 *.The width of the aisles, corridors and other areas of horizontal escape routes should be taken out of the calculation, the density of the flow of evacuees did not exceed 5 people.per 1 m2;while the width of the aisle in the room should be no less than 1 m, a corridor, or go to another building - not less than 1.4 m, and in the presence of, among workers with disabilities who use wheelchairs - not less than 1.2 and 1.8 mrespectively.

width of the emergency exit of the rooms and from the corridor to the stairwell must be set depending on the number of evacuees through this output (but not less than 0.8 m) per 1 m width of exits (doors) in buildings degrees of fire resistance and structural classfire hazard:

I and II degree of class C0

fire resistance of not more than 165 people.

II degree of class C1

fire resistance;

III and IV degrees of fire resistance

classes C0, C1 "115"

III and IV

degrees of fire resistance classes C2, C3

V degree of fire resistance of all classes

fire hazard "80"

width staircases must benot less than the output width of the stairwell with the most populated floor, but not less than 1 m.

If you have a number of disabled workers in violation of the work of the musculoskeletal system the width of the emergency exit of the rooms and from the corridor to the stairwell should be no less than 0,9 m, width staircases -.. not less than 1.2 m

1.19 * The distance down the corridor from the door of the outermost space located between the outer stairwells or exits (except the toilets, washrooms, showers, smoking), to the nearest exit ona staircase or to the outside should not exceed the value indicated in the table.3.

Table 3

degree of fire resistance of buildings

class of constructive fire danger

distance, m, when the human flow density in koridore1, pers. / Sq.m

2

St.2 to 3

St.3 to 4

St.4 to 5

I and II

C0

60

50

40

30

II

III

IV

C1

C0, C1

C0, C1

40

35

30

25

IV

V

C2C3

NN