Build Daily

August 12, 2017 18:07

Types of shingles - a future roof choose wisely

Choosing tiles - which take the material?

Among the more modern can be called all sorts of composites based on thermoplastics and natural ingredients.There tiles made of copper or its alloys, this roof covering often has anticorrosive coating, but it - exotic costly.When choosing what shingles is better, it is worth considering that the most common are still the materials from clay.

Centuries of experience operating tile roofing has proven a number of its obvious advantages.Here and durability, and high natural ecology, and water and fire.High operational efficiency tiled roof ensures the quality of raw materials - it does not change color, is not subject to microbiological attack, silent during inclement weather, the service life is rarely less than a hundred years.

At the same time, you need to know how to put the tiles correctly.It is necessary to observe the angle of inclination of the roof (this is due to the need to ensure water runoff).Being quite brittle material, tile weighs a lot: square ro

of area often "pulls" to fifty kilograms.

popularity and convenience, of course, bribe, but there are a few common weaknesses shingles as a roofing material.The first of these is the lack of a universal version, that is, if the material is lightweight, it is fragile, if not fragile, the road, if cheap - it is heavy, and sometimes astronomical weight category.

Also uncomfortable is the requirement for the slope of the roof, although now very expensive developments allow cover any roof, but still traditional angle must be at least 30 degrees, which is not always available.Some roofs have special locks the device that provides a ramp precipitation, even on a small slope, but it will affect the cost.

Classification tiles

Classification discussion of roofing material is quite versatile, there are several criteria, so it is more convenient to move in order, not building up huge chains.First, consider the material:

  • metal (metal);
  • clay (all known ceramic roof);
  • cement and sand (cement and sand);
  • bitumen (a new species - shingles).

Following is reasonable to consider the shape of a petal, because of this option will depend on the method of installing it on the crate, the calculation of the required amount of material in the procurement.Thus, the form:

  • flat (conventional stacking overlap);
  • grooving (watch for docking petals together and to ensure that crate was placed perfectly straight);
  • wavy (provide a better overlap during installation lap);
  • grooved (complex scheme bunk packing, but not only provides a good flow, and ventilation).

There are many new developments, which differ in bizarre shapes, but they are characteristic only of a single type of material and does not apply to other, often simply because of the reluctance of producers to organize new production lines.

Another classification can be identified by the tile covering.And ceramics and metal, and other materials still have an upper layer which protects the base material against climatic attack, prolonging the service life.If you do not dwell on any one material, and distribute the levels of protection in general, you get the following set:

  • lack of protection (the most unfavorable option);
  • paint, varnish, or impregnation chemical (reduce the risk of rapid wear and fouling mosses and fungi);
  • hard glaze, with the addition of chemicals (not only protects from climatic adversity, but UV rays, extending even further the life of your roof).

Choosing a method of laying tiles

Manufacturing determines its shape and model.Existing technology release pressing method divided views of the grooving and tape.For parts of the ridge tiles are manufactured ridge.For special applications: end, gable, podkonkovye etc.On the appearance of influence not only the shape but also the color of the tile.

In form it may be rectangular or triangular with a rounded edge.Its design specifies how to lay tile, which crate to apply the rafters, etc.

material color depends on the original clay additive (eg fireclay), decorative coatings (icing or engobing).Silicate tiles made stained, resistant to weathering.Such coloring is often carried out on the entire thickness of the layer, at least - surface.

cost - an important criterion

Of course, the cost of ceramic tiles higher than materials imitating her.Furthermore, stacking requires a certain skill.In order for the money spent on the purchase of materials, not have been thrown to the wind, you need to take this into account.

Starting to build a house, is defined in advance, which will be used roofing materials, tiles in this respect (because of its weight) requires a suitable base, starting with the foundation.Thinking, how to select a tile, it should also decide on the materials and construction of walls, roof (trusses, rafters, etc.), Because they have a long time to maintain a sufficiently high coating weight, and this without taking into account wind and other loads.

By the way, in recent years there are many kinds of lightweight tiles, actively and widely used in modern construction.But this does not remove the requirement to ensure a specific stock structure of all strength.It should be emphasized that this need will result in a significant overall increase in the price throughout the building.

somewhat reduced cost using silicate tiles.But small savings here, becauseIt weighs a square tile to thirty kilograms.If additional costs are not problematic, the tiled roof is a great home decoration and robust protection for centuries.