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August 12, 2017 18:08

Comparison of interior partitions , of which the better to build a wall in the apartment

Content

  • 1 Erection insulated walls
    • 1.1 Masonry
    • 1.2 Calculator brick masonry
    • 1.3 Partitions of gazoblokov and foam blocks
    • 1.4 cam boards
    • 1.5 partitions of lightweight aggregate concrete blocks

what makes partitions in the apartment?To answer this question, we should first get acquainted with the existing materials and their conditions of use.Today is used the most diverse material for the walls in the apartment or a building.Besides, their type and dimensions depend on the purpose of discharge spaces.But before becoming familiar with the types of partitions, you must deal with the very notion of the separation of the premises or zoning.

The partitions in the apartment

partitions in the apartment

What better to make interior walls to the room turned out isolated from the other rooms?It is better to use a more dense or durable material that has high levels of sound insulation.Such partitions in apartments set more often in order to create a separate room for children or office.It is important not onl

y soundproofing, and vibration of the walls.What is the alternative to drywall.As an option, it can be made from the inner wall cheaper to eramzitoblokov, gipsoblokov and foam blocks.

Interior partitions in the apartment are symbolic and often pazogrebnevyh just decoration of the room.They only visually divide the room into two or more specific areas.These interior walls are installed in the apartment more often, for example, in the living room to separate dining room and a relaxation area, a large bedroom can thus separate the work area - office on the main square.

Erection insulated walls

more detailed look at how the construction of insulated walls, for example, internal partitions from foam blocks or keramzitoblokov in order to obtain a secluded space.But first of all it should be noted that according to generally accepted standards of the deaf walls can be installed only in rooms with multiple sources of natural light.That is, where there are two or more windows.If the partition will be built in other places, you will need permission from the BTI and the drafting of a new project.So the first thing we consider - these are the conditions the installation of partitions in the apartment.

Insulated partition

insulated partition

forbidden to make capital partition in the following cases:

  • in order to increase the area of ​​the kitchen, bathroom or toilet at the expense of living space;
  • just reduce the kitchen or bathroom in order to increase the living space;
  • equipped with a toilet on the bottom neighbors kitchen;
  • carry out the transfer of the kitchen to the living space;
  • if there is a gas stove, it is prohibited to combine the kitchen and living room;
  • share living space on two or more in a single source of natural light (windows).

Besides installation sites walls, should also take into account some technical aspects that will determine from what is better to make interior walls.These include the following:

  • prohibited to demolish walls with a view to the transfer, if they are carrying;
  • installation of heavy walls must be carried out on a solid base (concrete monolith, brick or block, with its density is not less than the D600, wall).In other cases, it may be made of masonry wall 10 cm thick foam blocks or else performed on frame technology of plasterboard.

The table below shows a comparison of several materials by their physical characteristics, which is crucial when choosing a specific type.

Features Gazoblok Air blocks Keramzitobloki Brick
Water absorption 95 85 50 8
density 200-900 450-900 500-1800 1000-1900
thermal conductivity 0,1-0,3 0,1-0,4 0,15-0,45 0,3-0,7
strength 10-40 10-60 20-150 75-300

seen from the table, that the warmest material is a gas or gas silicate blocks for partition walls in the apartment, butwhile it has lesser strength due to its high porosity.The most durable material is a brick, but because of its high density weight material is quite large: 1 m..masonry weighs 250 kg.Compared with Gazoblok weight of one element is from 5 to 10 kg 600h300h100 mm sizes, they are more than 4 times heavier, and thus create a large load on the overlap.As for the sound insulation performance, the aerocrete and concrete blocks have better insulating properties due to the presence of a plurality of gas bubbles.But as the table shows, the difference between the foam of aerated concrete, pros cons of both types are obvious.

Masonry

for erecting walls in wet rooms it is necessary to use a material with a low coefficient of water absorption.That has a special moisture-resistant bricks go gipsobloki green.Moreover, for better use of partitions hollow material, it has less weight, at least 30%, but has the same strength.

The partition of hollow brick

partition of hollow brick

Masonry walls in Rolet has several advantages:

  • high strength and carrying capacity;
  • of bricks can build the walls of any curved shape;
  • material is resistant to damp environments and fungal formations, it is due to bad vlagovsasyvaemosti, in general, is not formed.

but also have disadvantages:

  • high septum weight;
  • high curvature of the surface after laying that will require additional plastering, but in the case of tile installation is not particularly critical;
  • high volume of work;
  • many accompanying dirt.

Calculator brick masonry

masonry View: VyberiteKladka 0.5 kirpichaKladka 1 kirpichKladka 1.5 kirpichaKladka 2 kirpichaKladka 2.5 brick
brick Size: Single (250x120x65 mm) Bastard (250x120x88 mm) Double (250x120x138 mm)
area wall: m2
calculate: c light of mortar joint thickness of the mortar joint account 5mmbez
consumption of bricks:
solution consumption:

Partitions from foam blocks and aerocrete

What is different from the aerated foam?These materials are quite similar to each other, but have a number of differences, which are as follows:

  • mode of production.Aerated concrete blocks are made by baking in an autoclave, unlike foam blocks that freeze under normal conditions and can be produced directly on the construction site;
  • chemical composition.They contain in their composition the amount of cement greater than in the first embodiment, which makes them more durable and water-resistant;
  • concrete blocks are less susceptible to treatment because of the greater proportion of cement.
Instruments
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Considering all of the above can be said with certainty that the firmer foam block or gazoblok.Naturally, foam block, but it has a lower coefficient of thermal insulation.In particular, for the construction of partitions in the apartment is large does not matter.

If the base does not allow to build a massive and very heavy interior walls, the perfect option would be interior walls of the foam blocks.But it is always necessary to coat it with no gaps using tiles, plaster and other funds in the case of construction in areas with high humidity.

Today on sale there is a large variety of sizes of foam blocks and aerocrete for building.But for the erection of walls are so-called partition blocks.Their sizes can be: 600h300h100 mm 600h200h100 mm.

interior walls of the blocks have a number of advantages:

  • installation of partitions from foam blocks made rather quickly due to the small weight of each unit and its impressive size;
  • high rates of heat and sound insulation;
  • high fire resistance;
  • high performance geometry of the finished masonry;
  • gas concrete blocks and are easily processed with all tools (chisel, hand hacksaw, drill), but it is recommended to use a specially designed tool.Hacksaw should have a thick fabric, and is dotted with large double teeth;
  • with masonry walls of the foam blocks doorways up to 80 cm in width can be performed without the use of metal connectors, but only with the use of glue mixture.More details about the construction of the walls of the foam block.

    The partition of foam

    partition of foam

But just as in any other building, there are also some disadvantages due to the following:

  • gas and concrete blocks have deviations in geometrical sizes up to 2 mm, which speaks of the needalignment wall plasters.To learn how to plaster the walls of blocks, you can learn from other articles on this website;
  • to prevent the formation of mold in damp and wet areas partitions must be treated with antiseptic and protective equipment must be 100% finished with plaster mixtures;
  • surface less durable than masonry.

cam boards

The partition of gypsum partition plates

partition of gypsum partition plates

No less interesting are for partitions in the apartment pazogrebnevye blocks or slabs.This new material, which has at its core gypsum, plasticizer, and other hydrophobic additives to increase resistance to water, has excellent geometrical parameters.In addition, each plate has in its structure a groove and a projection (ridge) to ensure perfect mating components together to form a single flat surface.

Gypsum blocks as building masonry material has several advantages:

  • non-flammable, and is not deformed by prolonged exposure to fire;
  • have excellent geometric parameters, unlike partitions from foam blocks, which indicates a perfectly flat surface and there is no need to plaster;
  • easily with all tools;
  • have excellent sound and thermal insulation properties;
  • have a relatively small weight about equal to the volume Gazoblok material;
  • commercially available plates with holes that easily allows you to do all the wiring necessary communications;
  • lightweight slabs and large geometric dimensions of each unit contribute to the rapid erection of walls and partitions;
  • presence of the groove and the ridge makes the wall stronger than the masonry room divider from foam blocks.

Like any other material, cam boards of plaster have drawbacks:

  • relatively low strength of the material;
  • high water absorption up to destruction.For the construction of partition walls in rooms with high humidity is necessary to use plates with special additives, and they are different from the normal green color;
  • mounting plates should be used only special adhesive plaster, yet different than a wall of foam blocks in the apartment.

partitions of lightweight aggregate concrete blocks

The partition of the lightweight aggregate concrete blocks

partition of lightweight aggregate concrete blocks

expanded clay blocks for interior partition walls are also a good choice, because they have good performance durability, sound and heat insulation and important low cost .But keep in mind the fact that the stronger has fewer properties teplosohraneniya.For the construction of partition walls in the apartment is enough to use elements with large granules of expanded clay.Concrete block also have advantages and disadvantages, which are described below:

  • most less durable lightweight aggregate blocks of foam blocks are much smaller moisture permeability coefficient, and is only 50% versus 85%;
  • less durable lightweight aggregate blocks has a higher strength compared to concrete blocks, the index differs by almost half;
  • masonry concrete block can be carried out directly on the reinforced concrete base in the apartment at the time, as gypsum or aerocrete should be mounted on the substrate to compensate for the temperature coefficient;
  • these units are not prone to shrinkage, indicating that maintaining the ideal geometry after work for a long time;
  • available for sale a variety of sizes and shapes of concrete block that allows you to build complex designs in shape.

There is no ideal materials, so this has some disadvantages:

unit due to the large number of fired clay pellets responds poorly to treatment with conventional tools, so you need to buy specially designed for concrete discs.