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August 12, 2017 18:08

Preparation of the solution for plaster walls

Content

  • 1 Cement
    • 1.1 Clay
    • 1.2 Lime
    • 1.3 combined.
      • 1.3.1 proportions of the solution for plaster walls
  • 2 Cooking mortar
  • 3 Tips for cooking other types of solutions for walls
  • 4 Step by step instructions for creating, based on the mixturelime
  • 5 Clay in the wall covering
  • 6 Dry plaster mixes
  • 7 How to prepare the ground for the plaster?
  • 8 Plastering of walls with cement mortar beacons
  • 9 Calculate the amount of material to render help calculator

On how correctly to make the mixture for plaster walls - depends on the quality and timing of the entire operation finishes.What types of products and how to correctly make the solution will learn in this article!Review of structures and solutions that plaster the walls.

Cement

Among the most common can be identified cement.Suitable for temperate climate, thoroughly grasped within 12 hours, is characterized by high durability and affordability.

Clay

is used for finishing wood surfaces, a relativel

y strong binder.It has an air permeability and has a high thermal insulation capacity.

Lime

most often carried out in tandem with the building with plaster, to improve the durability and reliability of the composition.For solutions used slaked lime.Building plaster accelerates the setting and hardening increases the level of finishing.It does not shrink, and can be used in pure form.

combined.

various constituent components (cement, lime, plaster, etc.) are used in such a solution.
Special plaster.

The mixture is introduced into the corresponding supplement to the formation of different types of coatings otelochnogo (dekorativnayaoblitsovka).

proportions of the solution for plaster walls

prepare the composition solution

Cooking mortar

cement mixture for plaster walls can be divided into 2 types:

  • with the addition to the main ingredient of sand - to align the surfaces (adhesion tosuch impurities have a bad plaster);
  • with lime admixture.

In each of these compounds can be added special polymer additives and mineral fillers.Thanks to them, the mixture becomes more plastic and frost.
Cement mortar for plastering the walls with his own hands is prepared as follows:

  1. Take 1 part cement.
  2. 3 parts sand.
  3. water in the required amount, so the mixture was creamy state.
  4. Liquid soap for the soap solution.

Mix all the ingredients in the right proportions, removed all the lumps and bumps, the mixture is ground several times.It should be a uniform color.

WARNING!In order to translate the "product", it is better to do the solution in small amounts.After over 40 minutes the mixture begins to lose its basic properties, that will lead to poor-quality surface finish.

Composition for plaster walls of the solution may be too bold when it sticks to the trowel.After drying, it will give a strong contraction, and the surface will crack over time.

Plastering of walls with cement mortar normal consistency leaves a thin layer of construction material solution that allows you to carefully handle all the bumps and achieve quality results.

«Lean" structure plaster for walls is necessary to correct, add more cement and stir thoroughly.

RECOMMENDATION!The solution for plaster with a limited amount of sand turns minee plastic, so the correct ratio - 1: 3.

Tips for preparation of other types of solutions for walls

  1. solution for plaster walls on the basis of lime is done as follows: 1 part lime and 2-3 parts of sand, depending on the desired consistency.Use the mixture immediately after preparation.
  2. clay mixture for plaster maintains its quality for a long time to obtain the required solution should be pre-soaked clay mixed with sand, add the right amount of water and mix to a creamy consistency.Such a solution is well coat the outer parts of coal-fired furnaces and pipes.
  3. To prepare lime-plaster solution for plaster walls must first be poured into the water container, then pour the ISU and mix thoroughly.All work must be done quickly, and not just kneading a large amount of the mixture.Composition: one part cement, 1 \ 2 part of slaked lime, 5 parts of sand and 300 ml liquid soap.
  4. Preparation grout plaster with the addition of lime is produced by mixing the dry mixture of sand and cement with a watery solution of lime.

Step by step instructions for creating a mixture of lime-based

main binder component need to pound in a trough, in order to remove all lumps.After adding a little water and sand and again mix thoroughly.When the dough forms a uniform, one share of lime Pour 3 parts sand.Water was added as needed.Use of such a composition for plaster walls can be during the day, as long as it does not lose its core functions.

gypsum can be added to accelerate the hardening of the mixture in plaster.It is important to consider a few rules: before you make the solution, it is necessary to divide the plots, which can be seamlessly cover a short period of time.After all, in 6 minutes plaster solution fully sets and hardens.

If you do less dense solution, the hardening will be slower, but the turn covered with loose and not so strong.Building plaster layer does not shrink, on such a basis can immediately hang wallpaper that can not be said about the cement plaster.

Instruments
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Clay in the wall covering

Clay composition of the solution for plaster interior walls made of clay and sand.The main "ingredient" pre-soaked with water, then pour the sand into the solution and was added a little water, mixing smooth.

Dry plaster mixes

When buying dry mixtures is important to consider a few guidelines:

  1. not buy a mixture of plaster walls of an unknown manufacturer.Highly popular German company "Knauf", the product price is somewhat higher than for domestic products, but as a well-deserved.firm "Strateli" can be attributed to low plasters, "Eunice," "Basics", "Volma".
  2. walls of foam better align with plaster mixtures, it absorbs moisture.Because the surface after the completion of construction work should be sprinkled with water several times.
  3. gypsum cement mixture of more expensive, but the expense of the first - 10 kg per sq m, and the second - 13-16.
  4. Do not buy cement mixture for plaster walls in large quantities, it is better to buy a few packs, and then buy more in order to protect yourself from fraud.
  5. Plaster if not properly stored grasped within 10 minutes after mixing, and cement - will slide the wall.

How to prepare the ground for the plaster?

thing is that even the best plaster proper preparation may not "lie" to the surface if it is poorly cleaned before applying the mixture.What to do?

First of all, remove weak old plaster, remove the old paint.Adv masonry joints, cavities and irregularities leave as is.

Second, cover the base primer and give time for drying.Then cook the mixture for decoration and begin to spray the solution.

Third, within 40 minutes you can perform the final alignment.

WARNING!It is not recommended to work with a plaster mix in very hot weather and in rainy or freezing.Such indicators are significantly reduced material properties.

Plastering of walls with cement mortar beacons

plaster walls plaster solution is carried out with their hands on the beacons, if there are significant gaps in the wall.In order to obtain a flat surface, it is necessary to carefully monitor the application of the composition in the horizontal and vertical areas across the wall.

for better stucco wall on weak grounds, it is necessary to use a grid plaster.Nets are metal and plastic.

layer deposited material shall not be less than 2 cm. For the construction of lighthouses needed level, cord, device plaster, plaster themselves metalloprofili.Beacons are installed at a distance of 15-20 cm from the edge of the wall.

Now the solution is embedded all lumps and bumps according to the invoice level.It is important to achieve a flat plane, both vertically and horizontally. sure to dry the material and after a short period of time will be putty wall or place other decorative materials.

complex technology, but if you follow all the rules of specialists to perform her own hands possible.Bole so you can save a lot of money on independent the procedure.

With all the advice of professionals, everyone can easily carry out the plaster, both internal and external surfaces, making the walls of their homes beautiful, neat, practical and durable.

Calculate the amount of material to render help calculator

Walls
The plasterers? VetonitVenetsianskaya shtukaturkaBAYTERA
room Length (m)
room width (m)
height of the walls (m)
Area window (m)
area door (m)
number of windows
doors
consumption plaster: 0 kg

ceiling

The plasterers? Venice shtukaturkaBAYTERAVetonit
room Length (m)
width of the room (m)
consumption plaster: 0 kg

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