Build Daily


August 12, 2017 18:08

The technology of building walls of plasterboard with their hands


  • 1 partitions Construction
  • 2 advantages of using metal sheets?
  • 3 Installation design
  • 4 Methods for mounting rails and rack-mount profiles with their hands
  • 5 Finishing drywall partitions
  • 6 Calculator online payment material for walls of plasterboard

Making partitions ofdrywall is one way to cheaply and quickly isolate the space to make a separate room or hide elements of plumbing and ventilation systems in the middle of the room.Creating plasterboard partitions requires some effort, but it will require hard physical work.

partitions Construction

Structurally, the partition consists of three main elements:

  • frame;
  • facing sheets;
  • sound insulator or insulation.

    partitioning scheme of plasterboard

    partition scheme of plasterboard

frame plasterboard partition walls can be made of metal profile that is the most common.Of wood, most rarely occurs due to its shrinkage, whereby a deformation of the whole structure.And combined.The main frame is made of metal profile, and pieces of wood are i

nvested to create the possibility to attach to the wall the heavy elements of the interior, household appliances and other components.

partitions Production begins with the choice of material.

advantages of using metal sheets?

Metal profiles can be of any size, which makes it possible to build complex transitions out of it and all sorts of niches.In addition, it is fairly easy material, construction of which is obtained strong and durable.The main advantage of metal profile is that it can work in the process of curving the manufacture of curvilinear structures.

Framework of metal sheets

frame of metal sheets

determine the type of material used, the following issues need to be addressed:

  1. Which design should be in shape?
  2. Will stacked heat or sound insulation?
  3. Will she hide the pipes, vents and other moves?

Pre drafted partitions project on a piece of paper.Decide on the venue location of doors, niches and other things.If the partition will have to hide elements of plumbing, electrical wiring, or something else, the wall must be performed from a thick profile (100 mm).

Next, you need to start drawing of markings on the walls and floor.To do this, use a plumb bob and string construction.With the level of the floor layout is transferred to the wall, and with a plumb line on the ceiling.

Making walls of plasterboard with their hands is carried out using two types of profiles:

UW (guide);

CW (rack).

Types of metal sheets

Types of metal sheets

Accordingly, the rack is used to perform the vertical structural elements, a guide used in the horizontal portion of the structure.The guide profile may be of the following sizes: 40x50, 40h75, 40h100 mm.Rack - 50x50, 50h75, 50x100 mm.

From fasteners and hardware components required for the construction of the partition following fastening components:

  1. Screws metal for fastening the profile to each other.They are in contrast to the self-tapping screws for wood carving smaller step that allows them to clamp the metal sheet is much stronger and hats have flat bottom, and the top is slightly spherical.Instead, you can use rivets.Ideal for mounting Prosekatel use for the profile.
  2. Screws for metal sheets for fixing plasterboard to the profile.Usually they are also black with a fine thread, but a wedge-shaped hat.This allows him to dive in a little piece of cardboard.The calculator will calculate the right amount of self-tapping screws.
  3. dowel-nails.Screws in plastic holder, used to attach to the wall metal sheets, if it is made of brick, CBC blocks monolith.

If the walls are made of wood, there is help, respectively, screws for wood.Their length is chosen based on the weight of the future partition and apply it to load.

Installation design

dealt with the types of materials and having bought all the necessary kit, you can proceed to the installation of the first elements of the design.

first step is to attach to the floor guide profile.If the floor is not to rise further, it is necessary to leave room for the door.The distance is selected based on the width of the box with a small margin of 2 cm around the edges to fill voids with foam.It not only fasten the door frame, but also provide cushioning door and not the entire wall.

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Guide profile is attached to the side walls and the ceiling fixture in increments of no more than 50 cm. If necessary, it can be reduced, but it is recommended that.

partition types, depending on the design:

  1. single layer;
  2. bilayer.

The first type is used in a lightweight partition walls, which do not require additional strength and sound insulation.It uses only one layer of plasterboard to either side.The second type is a more massive structure, respectively, and heavier by attaching two layers of plasterboard sheets on both sides.

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Once decided on the type of partition, its thickness, and put the guide profile, you must start the installation rack elements.They are installed in the guide trays and exposed vertically.This rack is cut, taking into account the distance from the bottom to the top of the profile minus 1 cm. Near the doorway is recommended to put wooden blocks in thickness profile, and fixed it with screws on wood.The recommended distance between the vertical elements of the partition structure of the plasterboard is 60 cm. If necessary, it is possible to reduce, but not increase.

There are two profile mounting technology.The first, called the US, it is the location of the slot to the far wall.The second technology, which was developed by German builders, consist in the groove arrangement in the mounting direction.

Methods mounting rails and rack-mount profiles with their hands

There are several ways to implement mounting rails and rack elements:

  1. T-junction.
  2. Mix in cross-cell structure by a spider.

    Types of fasteners metal sheets

    types of fasteners metal sheets

simple T-junction is to notch the two sides and the profile formed by folding petals 900 in hand.With their help, it will then be carried out bond the two elements.This type of connection can be used as a cross, and in the end elements of a design.

second type of connection is mainly used in the cross-docking profiles.The fixing member is a plate with a plurality of cross-shaped lobes and perforations designed to simplify the mounting structure.Also included in the sale and many other accessories for a variety of connection options and connections, even at an angle of 450.

Once the design is ready, you can begin to fasteners GCR.types of profiles Knauf

If a partition should be light, then cover a layer of cardboard, otherwise the second layer is attached directly via the first metal profile.At the same time fixing the distance of the first sheet can be increased from 50 to 75 cm. The second layer is attached to the recommended distance, no more than 50 cm. Stacking sheets should be carried out with a 50% overlap of the upper and lower.

Facing plasterboard

Facing GCR

After the partition with the one hand will be completely covered with plasterboard, you must begin to heat and sound insulation.As it can be foam, mineral wool.From the density of the pile internal space depends on the degree of noise reduction walls.After the construction of communications, wiring and plumbing, laying sound insulator may be attempting to install the FCL with the second side of the barrier in the same way.

Finishing drywall partitions

Finish all drywall constructions carried out on a single technology:

  1. If will be glued wallpaper, it is sufficient reinforcing mesh glue joints gypsum coating and spatula to cover the dimples formed at tightening the screws.
  2. If the wall to be painted, it is necessary to proshpaklevat across the surface of the walls, followed by cleaning and priming.

Making walls of plasterboard will be a great option, because in the end always turns out perfectly flat and smooth wall.

Calculator online payment material for walls of plasterboard

Width m
height, m ​​
Name consumption Unit.Measurement
1 gypsum plasterboard Knauf plasterboard (gypsum plasterboard) sq
2. profile guide PN 50/40 (75/40, 100/40)
3 profile rack SS 50/50 (75/50, 100/50)
4 self-tapping screw TN25
5 .Plastered "Fugenfyuller" ( "Unflot")
6 tape reinforcing
7 Plug "K" 6/ 35
8 .Sealing
9 .Primer deep universal Knauf Tifengrund
10 Mineral wool slab
11 profile corner
oncustomer needs