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September 10, 2016 23:02

Drywall Walls , ways and methods of installation of sheets

Content

  • 1 drywall Profile
  • 2 Fastening metal profiles
  • 3 technology plasterboard fixing to profile
  • 4 Technique drywall to the wall without a profile
  • 5 cutting plasterboard with their hands, photo
  • 6 chamfering on drywall
  • 7 make cuts in drywall
  • 8 Processing joints drywall sheets, angles, internal and external
  • 9 Processing joints on the wall of drywall
  • 10 mount on the wall of the interior elements

Plasterboard is a great modern decoration material, with which you can not only get a perfectly flat surface, but also the opportunity to make beautiful arches, passages and niches.

Plasterboard is a building material has many positive attributes and qualities that his own words, and make it widely used.

Frame profile

frame profile

Before you decide how to fix drywall to the wall, you must define its structure and geometrical parameters.If the wall has projections and niches that will not be used, then it is better to lay the bricks, cracks in the walls should embroider and pain

t over with a mixture of reinforcement.In general, it is necessary to prepare the surface.Then, before the drywall fastened to the wall without a profile or a profile, antiseptic training base will be required.This is to prevent or terminate the existence of mold and mildew.

dealt with the foundation, we consider there are ways of fixing plasterboard to the wall:

Fastening drywall to the profile.This method is used where there is a large number of irregularities and deviations on the wall.They are offset by guides which can be either wood or metal.But the mounting profile to the wall may be required not only to compensate for irregularities.Below it will be free to carry out all sorts of communications, to make air ducts and lay additional insulation.

Fastening drywall to the wall without a profile.This method is used where you want to save space of the room, and of course, the walls should be as smooth.

drywall Profile

The wooden bar in the CD- profile

wooden bar in the CD-profile

To begin to mount under the plasterboard profile, select the profile itself.It is selected on the basis of the future burden on the wall and expected from her strength.If in the future it will hang kitchen or other furniture, it is necessary to apply a thicker profile, and its mounting more frequent.

In general, the profile is a rigid galvanized rail, which is obtained by bending on a press sheet of galvanized metal.Due to which it acquired the necessary rigidity and strength.As used in the construction of crates under the GCR profile can be of two types:

  1. CD - the main element that gives rigidity and that it is being mounted fastening elements of furniture.It is mounted in the form of crates, fastened at the intersections.To him and made fixing drywall.
  2. UD - Profile is a more narrow width at U - shaped bar without additional stiffeners.Used to secure the battens and fixing plasterboard to the wall on the perimeter, to the ceiling and the floor.It embeds CD if needed.Therefore, it is necessary to select the size in accordance with the height CD.

to fix drywall to the wall you should have an appropriate set of tools:. Hammer, screwdriver, etc. If the wall is wooden, the design can be fastened by means of ties or anchors for future reference and this drill.

Insulation

Insulation

Fastening profiles for the drywall to the wall with dowels.They are also selected on the basis of the load on its structure and the wall.If the wall is made of PGS blocks, their length must be large enough to penetrate deep into the structure.Sometimes the best option would be the use of anchors.This will allow the wall of plasterboard not only be tough, but do not deform over time under the influence of external forces.To properly mount under the plasterboard profile shall be kept mounting interval of not more than 50 cm vertically.

Fastening drywall to the wall using the Profile requires adherence to specific technologies:

should be both vertical and horizontal design elements.In this case they are bonded together by means of additional components or processes.There are two types of CD-connection profiles:

  1. T-shaped.It is used in the field of cross joints sheets of drywall.
  2. cross-shaped joints with the help of crabs.These mounts Profile is a metallic element with four sides and a lot of additional taps - petals for rounding CD - profile.Connect profile with each other by means of screws or rivets on the metal, but to give greater rigidity is better to use screws.

Fastening metal profiles

first step is to put marks on the wall for the next frame.This can be done by cable and level.To fasten drywall to the wall properly, it is necessary to maintain the vertical position of the vertical sections and the horizontal perpendicular to them strictly.To do this:

  • With level outline the site of attachment of the end elements - UD, retreat a short distance from its middle and pull the cord.
  • Further, on labels and lace mounted uprights.This profile for attaching drywall should be placed in a design with a pitch of not more than 60 cm UD -.. Profile is attached to the walls, ceiling and floor screws or brackets in increments of no more than 40 cm

is important to remember, at this stage, if you plan to mounton a plaster wall heavy furniture or appliances, the CD - profile necessary to enclose a piece of wood.And it is already possible to safely tighten the large screws and brackets.

fastening technology for drywall profile

Fixing plasterboard to profile

Fastening drywall Profile

dealt with the design, you need to start assembling sheets themselves.

Instruments
Widget from SocialMart

At this stage it is necessary to make the layout and wiring of all communication, and sheets of drywall cut out holes for ventilation inputs, sockets and switches.Next, you must decide what to fix drywall to the profile.But the task is not so difficult, because the hardware is carried out by means of screws with conical hats and fine thread.This allows them calmly immersed 2-3mm into the structure of the sheet without causing unevenness in a plane.Their size is selected based on the thickness of the sheet is usually enough 4-3 cm. In order to properly fasten drywall to the wall, it is necessary to maintain the distance between the screws no more than 30 cm.

also as fixing plasterboard can be self-tapping screws or screws.But first will be required to drill holes in a drill of smaller diameter screw profile.Fixing plasterboard selected based on the material of the support structure and the thickness of the sheet.

All joints sheets of drywall should be implemented on a wide CD-profile.In this case, if the sheets are selected at the factory bevel, the seams will be more qualitatively repaired by means of reinforcing mesh and fillings.It is also necessary to remember that the fastening sheet was strictly in the vertical and horizontal position.This will greatly facilitate the process of working in the future.

Fastening drywall frameless method

Fastening drywall frameless method

Technique drywall to the wall without a profile

If you want to preserve space, then used sheets without fixing profile.For this special glue and dowels can be used.Before figuring out how to fasten drywall to the wall without a profile, you must measure the wall and find out where the greatest deviation is present.In the place it will be necessary to enclose the same drywall and more adhesive.Before applying the adhesive, both surfaces should be pre-primed.

important to remember that when bonding sheets of a minimum distance of 5 mm from the bottom you need to retreat.This is necessary to enable its thermal expansion due to humidity changes.Also to attach drywall to the wall without the profile of the maximum quality, it is necessary to prop up a stand on the drying time.

cutting plasterboard with their hands, photo

figure out how to drywall is attached to the wall, you need to proceed directly to its installation.But in the process and then we have to cut away pieces of a variety of lengths and shapes.You can use the following tools:

Cut drywall

Cut drywall

  • Jigsaw.Suitable for curved cuts if necessary.
  • Mounting knife.The main tool for cutting.
  • jig saw.It is used for cutting large rectilinear elements.

for smooth cutting piece must use a metal ruler.Firmly pressing it to the surface and strong pressure mounting knife incision top layer of cardboard with gypsum composition.Next, cut a piece of neatly folded in the opposite direction and made an incision with a knife from the second side of paper.After the cut the required pieces of drywall attached to the wall without a profile or with him, as planned earlier.

Chamfering on drywall

strebuyut Many elements of the wall perfectly smooth edges and surfaces.Often it takes to angular elements came together perfectly with each other.To do this chamfer with a sheet.This can be done with the help of mounting knife.It should be noted the distance from the edge of the sheet of 10 mm and a metal ruler or level of neatly cut corner at an angle of v450.

make cuts in drywall

Plasterboard is a three-layer sheet material which is susceptible to treatment by any instrument.In order to cut a circular hole in it under the outlets and switches use the cutter and the nozzle on the drill.For large curved cutout holes used jigsaw, rectilinear square holes - hacksaw on wood with a fine tooth.To do this we first longitudinal using a hacksaw blade, then the remaining side of the incision knife assembly and a sheet breaking.On the other hand the second layer of paper incision.

Processing joints drywall sheets, angles, internal and external

often to fasten drywall to the profile of quality in tight spaces, it is necessary to make adjustment of corners and joints.To do this, you can use special a plane Drywall or a file on a tree.

Processing joints on the wall of drywall

processing sheets of drywall joints is reduced to smearing them with putty.Ceiling sheets that have special refinement to the edge.It is embedded reinforcing mesh, but you first need to gloss over the deep seams and holes from screws with putty or plaster composition.It is the most rapidly freezes, that allows to make all the work at once.The mesh is attached with the same composition, and then covered with a finishing layer of putty.Grid sold standard width of 80-100 mm or you can cut it from the roll.For glossing over joints and grooves better to use a wide spatula 60 - 80 mm.

wall mount interior elements

Plug - butterfly

Plug Butterfly

How to attach drywall home furnishings?If you want to make an attachment to drywall lightweight interior elements, such as lighting, shelf or rack, it is necessary to use so-called fasteners - butterfly.They represent a dowel with plastic collars that when tightening screws are disclosed as the wings of a butterfly, secure seating in the sheet.It can also be used in other fastening drywall, acting on the same principle.