Build Daily

August 12, 2017 18:08

How to install and connect the switch hidden - open posting

Content

  • 1 Electric light switches - which are small devices used in daily life and at work to control the various light sources.There are many different types of switches that differ both appearance and and the degree of moisture and dust protection.These properties are marked on the surface of each piece of electrical equipment with 2-digit numbers and 2 L
    atin letters IP.For example, for a closed premises suitable switches with degree of protection IP 20 for the shower room - IP44 model for the street - and the next, respectively IP65.
  • 2 How to install and connect the switch open wiring
  • 3 How to install and connect the switch flush

electric light switches - which are small devices, routinely used in the home and at work to control the various light sources.There are many different types of switches that differ both appearance and and the degree of moisture and dust protection.These properties are marked on the surface of each piece of electrical equipment with 2-digit numbers and 2 Latin letters IP.For example, for a closed premises suitable switches with degree of protection IP 20 for the shower room - IP44 model for the street - and the next, respectively IP65.

Dimmers

Sometimes, instead of the standard key switch device is used with the function of a smooth change in light intensity (dimmer).On the front panel instead of buttons is a round pen or 2 touch buttons: "less than" and "more."Application of such a device is limited - it works only in conjunction with an incandescent lamp.

Timers

Timer - kind of electronic device, equipped with a built-in timer that allows you to control the lighting automatically.Grounds for application timers are quite diverse: from optimal lighting for indoor plants to create the illusion of "presence" of the house owners with their virtual absence in order to avoid breaking the apartment thieves - "burglar".

remote switch

These are electronic devices that can be controlled from a distance using a special remote control.Is sensitive to any infrared remote (from the TV, stereo and other equipment).Used mainly by people with disabilities, which greatly facilitates their lives.

-through switches

for electrical lighting control with two or more points in the premises of a large area and there are several doorways, widely used cross checkpoints or switches.The following diagram illustrates one embodiment of the connection of switches to be placed with 2 inputs-outputs.Now look how looks wiring diagram switch.

Connecting the two through- breakers Photo Connecting the two through-breakers.

control the lighting can be any of them.Globe switches do not have a strictly fixed position keys "on - off", in contrast to conventional.It can be constantly changing, often resulting in user confusion.

Wiring a cross and two walk-through devices (control with 3 points)

Connecting two anadromous and one cross - breakers photo Connecting two anadromous and one cross - breakers.

Intermediate switch (№ 2 in the picture) - a double pass switch.With its simultaneous application with the usual straight-through switch it is possible to control lighting spacious room, with 3 or more points, it is most convenient if you have multiple inputs - outputs.

Installation of two cross and two walk-through devices (control with 4 or more items)

Connecting two anadromous and two cross breaker photo Connecting two anadromous and two cross-breakers.

Indicator switches

switches, equipped with indicator, is relatively easy in the dark.Thanks to them, users no longer need to look for cherished key in complete darkness.Indicator switch - as a kind of beacon in the night.

Conditional classification price groups

Electrical outlets and switches can be classified into three price groups.

A. Economy - class

This group includes low-cost domestic appliances, produced for the mass market, the production of which is of questionable quality materials are used.Chinese-made devices are manufactured from a high-quality raw materials and have a presentable appearance.However, the build quality is not happy, and those and others.In the active operating conditions the battery life is low.

V. Sockets and switches average price of

It is more reliable and quality products made from the best quality materials and modern technologies.Buyer attracts appearance of products, but a few scares price.

S. Sockets and switches the high price category

Instruments
Widget from SocialMart

product from the category of "elite".From the product of the "middle" class is different, by and large, only in appearance.As the raw materials commonly used leather and precious wood, semi-precious stones.

How to install and connect the switch open wiring

A. Switches open wiring

Such switches have two components: the internal mechanism and an insulating cover.These are placed directly on a wall surface, using Escutcheon.

Switch open posting photos switch wirings.

for device installation work begins with the installation Escutcheon, which is a dielectric platform.By means of dowels, screws, bolts or screws (depending on the surface type), a platform is rigidly attached to the wall.Thereafter, Enclosures, through the holes in it, is fed directly to the circuit breaker mechanism.At the end of the terminals joining the ends of the wires.

How to install the switch open photo posting How to install open wiring light switch.

on the insulating cover of the device manufacturer pre-thought out and perforated special hole, kind of a window to enter the wire.The cover, in addition to giving the isolation switch has proper aesthetic appearance and is set in place and secured by screws or clips.At the end of the work put on the (key).

!!! Warning : all switch setup process should take place in a blackout!

How to install and connect the switch flush

B. switches hidden wiring

Installation of switches of this type are carried out using Enclosures, resembles a shallow cups (pictured).

Installation flush switches produced in special podrozetnik photo Mounting flush switches produced in specific Enclosures.

in the wall, using a special tool (the crown), is deepening.The plasterboard wall is cut out a simple round hole the size of a podrozetnik.Firmly fix the device in the recess to help foot-clamps.More details in the article described all installation hidden wiring under plaster, shtroblenie and laying wires.

If the circuit breaker should be placed in the brick, concrete or a gypsum wall, the device will need to secure the building mixture based on gypsum.Enclosures should "settle" in the wall straight, without distortions, ensuring their smooth operation for a long time.

Installation Enclosures photo

next stage of work - gouging into the surface of the wall, toward the Escutcheon, the furrows (Stroebe).Grooves must be deep enough to disguise the power cord.Bookmark wires into the furrow should be performed so that the output from it the length of the ends of the wires remain at least 10 cm. It is so much need for further connection cable to the terminals of the switch.One end of the wire is attached to podrozetnik special screws (if the wall of drywall), or by using metal spacers included in the design of the mechanism (the only way when installing old metal Escutcheon).

Supply and connecting wires photo supply and connecting wires.

Installation Escutcheon old type

How to install podrozetnik old style photo podrozetnik How to install the old type.

Tighten the screws, spacers are straightened using a screwdriver.When unfolded the switch mechanism of rigidly fixed braces.To ensure reliable fastening is required to satisfy the following condition: the front of the device stops should overlap the edges Escutcheon, iebe a little wider than them.At the completion of the works placed on top of the lid and set key.Installation is finished.