Build Daily

August 12, 2017 18:08

How to install and connect the socket correctly


  • 1 How to install the socket in the circuit wirings
  • 2 Installing hidden outlets
  • 3 Useful tips on how to install and connect the different types (structure) sockets correctly.
  • 4 How to choose a power outlet, a company, at what price.
  • 5 Useful information for installation and connection sockets.
How to install and connect the socket correctly wiring in an apartment with his hands.Installation and connection sockets in the apartment and the house with his own hands.

Electrical outlets

Electrical outlets are a special kind of wiring accessories, which are used to connect various electrical appliances (both industrial and domestic purposes) to the mains.

Currently, Russia applies a uniform European standard of performance of power systems.In accordance with the standard household wiring all equipment used in the European area, it can be used in the Russian electricity grids.Domestic electrical plugs, for example, must meet the standards established in its outlets in the network.

In real life, everything is, of cou

rse, is not so smooth, and old-style sockets in some places still used.These products (calculated as a rule, not more than 8 currents amps) have inlet openings somewhat smaller than evrorozetok, size.Therefore, the European standard fork in them, simply, is not included.

Soviet-style sockets and European photo Construction of Soviet and European standard.

At the same time, and old-style plug sometimes fail to connect to modern earthing-pin, which is equipped with special earthing contact and has a guide preventing fixing is inserted into the socket plug.

Soviet fork does not fit the socket European-style photo Soviet plugs do not fit the European standard power outlet.

Therefore, the only correct decision in this case will be the replacement of outdated wiring products to new, especially if you make a major overhaul of the apartment with his hands.

currently used types of sockets are available in different versions with different degrees of dust - and water resistance of these products.To indicate the degree of vulnerability of wiring accessories used, as a rule, letters IP and two digits.To place inside a closed space, for example, used the product with IP20 degree of security of, for toilet and bathroom - IP44, and outdoor (street) accommodation - IP65 and above.

Like any operating technique, the outlet may sometimes fail.This usually happens because network congestion, which are caused by long-term use of any high-power devices (usually - heating).Input terminals Overload start to become very hot and can overheat ultimately fail.A similar fault receptacles easy to identify visually, and that is usually done during the preventive inspection of the interior electrical equipment.In this case, the most reasonable to immediately replace the old (defective) a new one.In some situations, loss of power at the outlet due to the burning-off of a suitable conductor to it - in this case, replace the socket is not necessary, but sufficient to restore otgorevshy contact.( Below we look at how to choose the socket properly, what firm to buy and at what price - in order to choose a reliable and safe option )

By way of installing all the famous outlet can be divided into two types:

- installed on open wiring lines;

- working in the flush chain.

How to install the socket in the circuit wirings

Electrical design of this type, structurally designed as a working unit, fitted with an insulating cover, with attach these items to the wall surface or by using a special flat area (Escutcheon)or on the anchors, fixed directly to the wall.

Installation of sockets in an open wiring circuits photo Installation of sockets in an open wiring circuits - circuit.

Installing such species usually begins with a wall-mounted Escutcheon, which depending on the material of the wall can be mounted rigidly with dowels (in concrete or brick), or using screws (for attachment to the plastic and wood), andas screws or bolts (when securing the metal base).Holes in the base prepared in advance - they are drilled using a punch or drill.Directly attached to the Escutcheon rosette node itself, which uses special holes provided on the base.Then, the terminals are connected as socket pre-prepared ends of the supply wiring.

Wire the outlet open posting photos How to connect the wires to the outlet open wiring.

insulating (decorative) cover in place wiring input neatly trimmed within the perforated section of the manufacturer and then set in place with fixation by means of a central screw.We emphasize that all these operations should be carried out when de-energized.

Installing hidden outlets

mounting sockets flush is performed, usually with the use of special Enclosures made in the form of a shallow plastic cup.

Sockets flush photo Sockets flush.

Before installing this "cup" in the wall first selected by means of special nozzles to drill (crowns) recess size Escutcheon.To learn how to do it you can find in «Mounting flush under plaster

To place podrozetnik wall coated with drywall - you must first drill a round hole the size of a cup, then you can insert thisassembly thus obtained in a niche and fix it there.Fixing glass Escutcheon in the plasterboard wall is made by means of special legs-clamps.Within the walls of brick, concrete or plaster Enclosures fixed by construction mixtures, prepared on the basis of plaster - gypsum plaster for the walls.At the same time all the glasses in the wall should be set quite smoothly and it is desirable - flush with the wall plane.

Installation Enclosures flush with the wall photos Installation Enclosures flush with the wall.

for supply to podrozetnik wiring must be made in the wall (proshtrobit) small groove, the depth of which should be sufficient to completely hide the wires.The resulting Stroebe wiring should be installed in such a way that the supply conductors zavedёnnyh in podrazetnik, the length was okolo10 see. After that, it secured itself rosette node to which the terminal is connected previously penciled wires.

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Securing the socket housing on the Enclosures made or using special screws or using a special metal struts that make up the assembly.

Mount Enclosures

Mount Enclosures.How to connect the wires to the wall socket type.

installation option in podrozetnik old type sockets.

Mounting Escutcheon old style photo Mount Enclosures old type.

for final mounting sockets need to use a screwdriver to tighten the screw stops, breeders metal "whiskers", which exercise is firmly seated in the Escutcheon rosette node.

to be properly secured so prepare a place for her to the front of her guides to be slightly wider than the edges podrazetnika.Once installed on the outlet of the decorative hood can be assumed that the construction works are finished.

The final form of the collected photos outlet final appearance in the assembly.

Useful tips on how to install and connect the different types (structure) sockets correctly.

To electrical outlet has served you long and trouble-free during its operation should be carried out a number of conditions that are defined in the product specifications laid down.The basic operational requirements for products in this class, is the need to reduce the transition resistance in the circuit between the contacts of an electrical plug and socket contact terminal itself.It manages to achieve this in the case of giving a special form socket terminals, allowing to increase the contact area, and because of their compression.

The old type of outlets to meet these conditions, spring-loaded terminals are used to ensure very good contact.Used them to create the necessary spring force of compression contacts throughout the envisaged lifetime of GOST.

today for these purposes, special terminals for connecting wires are made of high-tech alloys, energizing properties that eliminate the need for an additional spring.A small heating unit with rosette-like terminals does not deteriorate markedly contact quality, while the previously used steel springs are often lost their energizing properties when overheated.

himself sockets manufactured housing, usually of mechanically durable and temperature-resistant insulating material.In the past, these requirements satisfy the most special technical ceramics, but in our time (after the emergence of new types of heat-resistant and durable polymer) came to replace the ceramic modern materials with relatively low cost.

Wiring accessories firm "Legrand", for example, are produced precisely for this technology and have long enjoyed great demand among Russian consumers.But, nevertheless, ceramics and is now used in some samples of outlets of Chinese manufacturers supplying electrical products in Europe (and Russia, among others).To seek long how to connect the outlet legrand proper-use our universal installation instructions.

For the convenience of the individual samples of use of the products are equipped with high-end group ejection mechanism plug that allows you to automatically extract the plug from the socket by pressing the dedicated button.

Another element of improvement outlets were special curtain , serving to cover their operating and holes targeting the protection of children's curiosity.These sockets are installed usually in the "children's" room, but are sometimes not very reliable design, resulting in a "seizure" blind mechanism and the need to complete replacement of the product.

How to choose a power outlet, a company, at what price.

Wiring Accessories conventionally classified in three price categories.

1. Very inexpensive products Economy - class;produced, usually for the mass market.usually used the cheapest and not enough high-quality materials in the manufacture of similar products domestic producers.Products from China are made from good quality materials and appearance look quite well, but they are, as a rule, high-quality copy of European models.Low quality of these products determines the rate uptime of their work, which leaves much to be desired.

Legrand socket steel photo 2. sockets and electrical switches average price category;they can be classified as relatively high-quality and reliable products, which are used in the manufacture of the newest technology.They attract the "average" buyer a good design, but the prices of these products may scare him.As an example, electrical products firms "Siemens" and "Legrand", as well as some Chinese-made products (from the company 'Lezard' for example).Now it will be clear which company is better to take, but from what should be abandoned if possible - safety first.

3. Electrical products high price category;These products have a good reason to claim the "elitism", although different from the products of the second group only appearance.In their manufacture is used usually become fashionable today natural materials such as wood or leather, for example.As with any outlet to choose and at what price - will now be more clearly.

Useful information for installation and connection sockets.

connect separate groups of outlets in the residential wiring can be performed either train, or by means of separate lines laid before each outlet individually.In the second case the power supply cable is laid, or directly from the distribution panel, or from the ballpen in each room (room on site) junction box.

Using junction boxes , generally speaking, allows multiple save on installation - namely, by economical allocation of the power cable on the project and reduce the number of operations, spent on its construction.

When routing wiring directly from the distribution panel (from a separate machine) is recommended to immediately organize a separate line outlets, working with extremely high loads.Such loads include the usual heaters and air conditioners, dishwashers, washing machines, cookers and boilers.The socket for connecting each such user must withstand the rated current of at least 16 amps (for the same current has to be calculated and the circuit breaker).

This copper conductor feeding the consumer wires should have at least 2.5 square and have some margin for the current.The stock is required in order to compensate for the deviation of the actual diameter of the wires now sold by their nominal value, as well as considering the possibility of working in overload mode.Note that to connect kitchen electric stove need to use copper 3-hzhilny cable cross-section of not less than 4 square millimeters

Terminals for wires photo The screw terminal connector socket wire are attached to conventional methods - through the formation of the annular contact wires.If sockets are equipped with self-locking spring contacts (such as terminals «Wago») - it will only facilitate the process of fixing the ends of the wiring.In this case it is only necessary to remove the insulation from the ends of the wires to insert them into the terminal.

Using our universal instruction to connect the socket and install it correctly is not difficult.Stay with us and see below for related articles.