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Sockets, Switches, Junction Boxes

August 12, 2017 18:07

What should be the height of the installation of sockets for abuse?

installation height from the floor outlets should be such that there was no threat of mechanical damage and water ingress.It is also necessary to take into account the fact that electrical cords must take to connect to the network, because the use of extension cords is not desirable for security reasons.Next, we consider the most appropriate place of location of products, as well as the existing standards, which must adhere to!

Contents:
  • dispel the modern myth
  • Existing references in regulations
  • Helpful hints
  • Kitchen
  • Bathroom
  • Bedroom
  • Summing up

dispel the modern myth

fact that many electricians novice when replacing the electrical wiring in the apartment is very interested in the question of what should be the height of the installation of sockets from the floor to European standards.The fact that the so-called European standard regarding the location of electrical "points" does not exist.Myth went at a time when only started doing renovation, according to which the products are installed at a height of 30 cm above the floor.This distance was chosen only for reasons of practicality and no regulatory documentation, which prohibits selecting a different distance, does not exist.

Wiring to European standards

At the same time the rules of the SAE specifies certain requirements for height outlets in the bathroom, which is associated with protection against electric shock.This is the mention, in fact as well as about some points of GOST and the joint venture will be discussed later.Well, once we have addressed the issue, not to mention the Soviet standard, according to which the minimum distance from the floor is 90 cm. This justifies the importance of the fact that with this arrangement, the object will always be in the field of view.

Soviet standard

Existing references in regulations

As we have said, can be found in some documents, at what height from the floor to make sockets and switches correctly.PUE

In order to be familiar with these references, give them visual form:

  1. installation height from the floor outlets PUE 7.1.48 - 1.50: A fragment of the SAE page
  2. GOST R 50571.11-96 Extract from GOST
  3. SP 31-110-2003 An excerpt from the St. Petersburg ( about the topic)

As you can see, the words of any prohibition in the rules are not available, so we recommend that you rely only on the advice that we have provided below.Tips have combined at the same time as the safety requirements and practicality!

Helpful hints

So, let's look at what height is best to install power outlets for each specific room in the apartment, as well as the most popular consumer electronics.

Kitchen

Kitchen wiring

In the kitchen, the standard height of the installation sockets must be as follows:

  • to connect the refrigerator, washing machine and dishwasher: 10-20 cm from the floor.This value is the optimal in relation to the length of electrical cord from the art.Some manufacturers are producing appliances with a short cord that does not make it even to half a meter up..
  • at 20 cm above the table top (in the area of ​​the kitchen apron), total floor about 110 cm This mark will be optimal for the connection of small kitchen appliances, which are often located right on the table: microwave, kettle, blender, etc. multivarka.
  • To install the exhaust outlet must be connected to a height of not less than 2 meters from the floor.

The visual video tutorial provided advice on the subject of where to locate the product:

Video instruction on electrical wiring in the kitchen
YouTube Preview

Bathroom

This room has high humidity, so the installation height of socketson the bathroom floor should be chosen wisely.Here we must be guided not only in terms of the interior of the room, but also based on the requirements in accordance with state standards and SAE.Photos connection of the washing machine in the bathroom

You yourself know that to fix the product near water strictly prohibited, so the sink, shower and other facilities necessary to withdraw not less than 60 cm, it is better meter.The recommended elevation should be more practical and that the cord from a hair dryer, electric shaver, or the same washing machine was not tautly.


recommend using the following values:
  • for connecting electric boiler to the wall - 1.5 meters;
  • for hairdryers and shavers - 1 meter;
  • washing machine - not less than half a meter.

There should also pay attention to a very important thing - to place the product is lower than 15 cm from the floor is not necessary!This is due to the fact that the bathroom is prone to small floods, which occur when a malfunction of household appliances, and in forgetfulness of the hosts.To flooding the room did not become a threat to life (if the outlet water gets), it is necessary to place the product at a safe height, at least not less than 15 cm.

Bedroom

It's simple, one electric point is located beside the bed, next to the bedside table- to connect the phone charger or nochnichka.And the other according to the European standard - 30 cm above the floor.Wiring in bedroom

Another must be for the provision - for example, to connect a vacuum cleaner during cleaning or air conditioning / fan.If you decide to hang the TV on the wall or set it on the bedside table, a place to connect the electrical cord can be placed behind the screen, which will hide any and all leads.For the computer's power is desirable to set the socket at the desktop, at a height of 30 cm from the floor.

Regarding the fears of some "experts" who claim that the backup power socket must be located on the upstream of the small children, it's all outdated fears.Today, there are products with safety shutters and covers that will prevent dangerous contact.

Summing up

Here we have provided useful guidance about how high to make the socket properly and safely.Finally I would like to add a very important thing that will help you determine the exact position of each electrical point.

Before embarking shtroblenie walls and installation of electrical wiring in the house, make a chart on which check the following items:

  • exact placement of the furniture in the room;
  • kinds of home appliances with its accurate placement;
  • field passing gas and running water;
  • route passing wiring on the walls;
  • windows and doorways.

Already established scheme select the most appropriate installation height from the floor outlets, so you definitely will not regret it.

Otherwise, set the product after placement of furniture can be closed or objects located at a considerable distance from them.If what happened in your case, then we suggest you make an extension cord with your hands, rather than buying it in the store!

Materials:

  • Fixtures for the bathroom
  • How to find a wire in the wall
  • At what height to hang sconces