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Walls And Ceiling

August 12, 2017 18:06

Modelled plaster with your hands

relief plaster with your hands can be made after studying the technology its application and implementation of educational practical work on a small area of ​​the wall or the primed plywood.

Modelled plaster with your hands

relief plaster with your hands

Application of rough cast, without exaggeration, can be called art, especially when it is applied is not chaotic, but in the form of wall panels, which is able to decorate the walls in even the most respectable mansion.Sometimes, looking at these works, it is difficult to imagine that they are made of conventional plaster mass.

What a relief plaster?

Article Contents

  • 1 What a relief plaster?
  • 2 Basic principles of process
    • 2.1 Tools and Accessories
    • 2.2 Materials
  • 3 of work stages
    • 3.1 Preparing walls
    • 3.2 Application of the base layer
    • 3.3 Drawing relief plaster
    • 3.4 Video: homemade roller to create a "grassy" relief
    • 3.5 Video: "Venetian" technique plaster
    • 3.6 Painting stucco embossed walls
    • 3.7 Bas
    • 3.8 Video: wizard on vyporlneniyu plaster bas
    • 3.9 Video: visual guide for applying textured plaster

Decorative plaster is used for wall decoration for many centuries, varying according to the style, but always remaining verypopular in interior design.The peculiarity of this technology is that it is practically impossible to reproduce the same pattern twice - they can be very similar, but identical - ever.Besides the relief, the wall give volume and tone color, which achieve a variety of different ways. And , if desired, you can change the color of the walls.It is very easy to do, - purchased paint the desired color scheme and with a roller or a sponge is applied to the surface.

Modelled plaster completely replace your home decor

relief plaster completely change the interior of the premises

The applied on stucco wall can be any pattern, but may protrude slightly above the surface or even 10 - 15 mm and can only color to createthe feeling of volume.The embossed pattern may mimic the tall grass, the bark of a tree, a wall, damaged by insects - "pitted", stone and many other variety of curls and lines.

plaster mixture for relief, is plastic, it easily applied to the prepared surface and remove it from drawing.

Basic Principles process

To plastered walls looked impressive, all work should be done step by step, according to the technology.

  • Select the picture that we would like to have on the walls of the room.His sample during operation should always be on hand to constantly checking with him to play something similar on the surface.
  • Next, you need to carefully prepare the walls - remove their wallpaper, old plaster, if it is imposed numerous layers or paint.
  • Fine dust swept brush or a broom, and some surfaces require treatment with water or a primer.The primer used still and as an antiseptic to protect the walls against fungus and insects.
  • Once the surface is ready . can start to mix and apply a layer of plaster, which will be the basis for the final coat with embossed pattern.
  • After drying plaster home, it best more time to cover the primer, which will add adhesive surface qualities.
  • When the wall finally dries you can generate relief plaster finish.
  • Further, for each figure held its manipulation . in one case, after setting the mixture is equal to the relief surface, in other - just remains dry.
  • If the playback picture is required to apply multiple layers , each of them applied after complete drying of the previous one.
  • Then, the wall is covered with the selected color scheme, and after the curing time, its surplus with the protruding parts of the relief can be removed with a damp sponge. The process will underline volume relief and divide into different color tones.

Making hasty changes in the exhaust process finishing work may adversely affect the final result, so you need to clearly perform all the steps in turn .Perhaps, in order to achieve the desired relief, you need more than one day, but to rush things in any case should not be.

to perform any volume figure needed certain Tools & Accessories, sometimes the most unexpected.

Tools and Accessories

addition to the traditional tools for plastering, can require one or more additional elements:

Tools for working on plaster relief technology

Tools for working on relief plaster

technology - for sponge giving pattern characteristic"bubble" of the surface, or to create the color tone of relief;

- roller attachment, which has the selected image to print on damp plaster, if it is intended for the application;

Roller for applying openwork pattern

roller for applying patterned figure

- rollers, which allow you to create terrain grass flat or horizontal bands or chaotic;

- polyethylene film, brush or conventional rubber glove can also be a tool to make the wall bulk form;

Experimenting is possible with a variety of materials and accessories

Experimenting is possible with a variety of materials and accessories

- useful can any member having a textured form that can be printed on wet plaster and make it relief;

- you can create on the surface of skin simulation, for this purpose there are special nozzles on the roller;

Валик "под крокодиловую кожу"

Roller "crocodile skin»

- for the manufacture of certain reliefs are the main tool of spatulas of different widths, anyway , without this element in the creation of surround drawing all still can not do.

Generally, relief plaster gives almost unlimited possibilities for the manifestation of fantasy and it is not only in the choice of drawing the walls, but also in the selection of tools to create it.For example, there can be used, even an ordinary teaspoon or spatula from manicure set.


Before starting work, of course, you need to take care of the Advance purchase all necessary materials.

1. for leveling the surface under the decorative plaster removal relief well suited mixture:

  • gypsum-based, but only if the relief layer will be made from the same material.
Gypsum plaster


  • solution based on cement, which can be made independently in known all proportions: three parts sand, one part of the purified cement .But it is better to use a ready-made mixture of relief under the plaster.They are more plastic, and with them much easier to work with.
  • More a starting material for the layer can be selected clay, but in recent years to address this technology rarely, preferring more modern compositions.Although it should be noted that the clay has remarkable qualities, such as environmental friendliness and flexibility.

2. Decoration wall used specifically designed for this process finishing mixture.They may be different, so on the packaging, the manufacturer indicates for which relief is given composition.By themselves, the mixture may be heterogeneous and contain a variety of components, including a large, sometimes rock dust.

Plastering - a ready -to-use composition

Plastering - ready to use composition

Made plaster and finished, diluted to a desired consistency.This option is more expensive than the dry mixture, but do not need to maintain accurate powder dilution proportion to the desired state.Having acquired the plaster in the form of a homogeneous mass, it can be immediately applied to the prepared surface.Convenience is another and that is bucket with the remnants of the mixture can be tightly closed, and will remain in the plaster is quite usable condition for quite a long time.

3. For priming plaster produced a lot of different compositions produced in liquid or paste.By starting lining layer is applied to the mixture is better to use antiseptic liquid deep penetration compositions.By the finish decorative plaster, often use the pastes, which create the most favorable basis for applying the decorative layer.

Primer for preparatory works

Primer for preparatory works

4. For painting hardened plaster is usually used water-based paints - water dispersion and emulsion.They are produced in different colors, but the special dyes can be used if you wish to receive a special exclusive colors that are added to the white, the most demanded an aqueous paint.

The plaster is best to cover the water -dispersed paints

plaster is best to cover vodnodispersnymi paints

5. Ready painted and dried up the wall is recommended to varnish.Application of at least one layer of the coating helps preserve the decoration of the walls for a longer period in the initial state.For some drawings made on the wall, just need varnishing, and applied it in several layers , to achieve the desired effect.This is especially true to imitation crocodile leather or polished stone.

Nail plaster

Nail plaster

6. As auxiliary material it is necessary to buy the masking tape (Scotch), which is pasted over a surface, around the area of ​​the works on the plastering.

of work stages

To really do the job efficiently, you need to know the details of each its stage.They deserve separate consideration.

Preparing walls

In order to lay a plaster layer efficiently and reliably , very important condition is clean and dry surfaces, on which he will be laid.Therefore , before leveling walls and plastering need to carefully handle and prepare, taking into account the following points:

  • All surfaces are cleaned of old coatings.If the plaster adheres to the wall and is of good quality after it with removed paint or whitewash, therein with an ax make incisions 8 in depth - 12 mm.This process is necessary for a better grip of the old and new plaster .
Notches on the wall

incisions on the wall

  • Sometimes the old plaster is removed completely, it happens in the event that she began to lag or rapping clearly felt it unreliability .
It is often necessary to resort to a full clean of the old plaster walls

Very often have to resort to a full clean of the old plaster walls

  • Prepared so surface of walls cleaned of dust and pieces of plaster.
  • then prepares the entire surface is covered with antiseptic primer deep penetration.If necessary, this proce ss etc. gadfly or two or even three times for the bonding of old plaster and ensure adhesion of the two materials.The primer is applied with a roller or wide brush, and each layer is applied at a time over the entire surface, it is desirable to avoid the numerous stains .
  • After drying primer, go-mixed plaster solution, if it is prepared from a dry mix.

Application of the base layer

next is basic or starter layer of plaster, which is not only the basis for the decorative layer, but also as leveling.

Mixing plaster mixture

Mixing plaster mixture

  • solution is mixed using an electric mixer or a building and a special nozzle.If a mixture of gypsum-based, then it not do too much, because it has the ability to very quickly set.
  • Next, a ready solution, depending on the desired thickness of the applied layer snaps trowel or applied with a spatula and trowel construction .The thickness will largely depend on the evenness of the surface of the wall.
Cape solution on the wall

Cape solution on the wall

  • If the wall is not too smooth, then they sometimes set the beacons, which is aligned and sketched a solution.Directed counterclockwise
  • solution overwritten float in a circular motion.
Grout Primary plaster layer

primary Grout plaster layer

  • walls are aligned, on , possibilities are virtually to perfect flatness.Then again grabbed the plaster is applied primer.
Application of primer


Applying stucco embossed

most interesting and creative point is the planned application of the relief layer.This process, as mentioned above, carried out using different tools.It is important that the solution for the drawing turned out to be uniform if course, not intended relief, a prerequisite for which is precisely underlined heterogeneous composition.

Drawing relief spatula

embossing spatula

  • embossing spatula has several techniques - it may be short strokes or tape with difficult turns. Next pattern can be smoothed or left in their original state.Later, the color will determine the light and shade in the relief and add it volume .
Using a trowel

use graters

  • using conventional polyethylene films can play a variety of volume drawings They are applied compressed into a ball film or paste its on wet plaster, carefully collecting its shallowfolds.Then, the upper part is typically compares a wide trowel or smooth roller, resulting get drowned under a smooth layer relief that visible places.Color also provide bulk drawing.
The tool can serve as a crumpled piece of polyethylene film ....

tool can serve as a crumpled piece of plastic film ....

... Or, for example , cooking grid for washing dishes

... or, for example, kitchen mesh dishwashing

  • use of plaster with the addition of a large « grain » allows you to make on the surface of a flat horizontal or vertical lines for through dragging float solid inclusionsthrough the soft mass of plaster.In addition to flat strips, with the help of a non-homogeneous mixture, you can create full circles or semicircles, and the color will put everything in its place.
Creating terrain using granular plaster

Creating relief using granular plaster

  • Roller provides a wide range of opportunities to create numerous designs.