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August 12, 2017 18:06

The construction of pergolas with their hands

Building any arbor consists of five main stages: design, layout, substrate preparation, assembly and finishing of the construction itself.All you can do this yourself, even if the experience in such cases is very small.With proper selection of materials and forms of construction, the construction of the arbor with their own hands will not cause much difficulty, the main thing - to explore the technology.

The construction of pergolas with their hands

Construction gazebos with their hands

options arbors

Article Contents

  • 1 options arbors
    • 1.1 Metal
    • 1.2 Brick
    • 1.3 Wooden
    • 1.4Combined
  • 2
    • 2.1 technology building gazebos Step 1. Marking
    • 2.2 Step 2. Preparation of pits for pillars
    • 2.3 Step 3. Installing the supports
    • 2.4 Step 4. Installation of piping
    • 2.5 Step 5. Making roof
    • 2.6 Step 6. The unit floor
    • 2.7 Step 7. Fixing the roof
    • 2.8 Step 8. Finishing
    • 2.9 Video - Constructiongazebos with their hands


Metal garden furniture

Metal gazebo

Pergolas with metal frames are easy to assemble and high strength.The frame can be clad with clapboard, polycarbonate, corrugated roofing sheets or set along the perimeter of forged lattice.For manufacturing the carcass profile pipes usually used with a wall thickness of 2 mm.Constructions are divided into detachable and welded, depending on the installation method.The collapsible gazebos elements bolted;such skeletons in cold weather can be effortlessly disassembled and stored in a dry place until spring.

Garden furniture , garden metal folding

Gazebo Garden metal folding

Mounting welded frame is much faster and requires less effort: to the supporting uprights simply welded transverse strapping frame and roof.The disadvantage of metal gazebos is their susceptibility to corrosion, so every design element has to be primed and painted.


Brick gazebo

brick gazebo

lined with brick gazebo looks solid and very attractive, virtually maintenance free, very durable.Especially stylish look of the structure of the decorative bricks, entwined with climbing plants.These gazebos can be open or closed, round, square, hexagon.Since the brick - non-combustible material in such constructions do built barbecue grills and stoves.

Brick gazebo

brick gazebo


Wooden pergola

Wooden pergola

Wooden pergolas are probably the most popular.For construction using timber, logs, boards, chipboard and plywood, even the strong bars.wooden frame assembly technology is quite simple and clear, so the power of any.For wooden elements required treatment antiseptic priming mixtures and protective coating of varnish or paint.Additionally, it is recommended to use flame retardants, especially if there is a brazier.


Arbour combined

Arbour combined

combination of different materials in the construction of the gazebo is also not uncommon.Sometimes this is due to savings: after major repair or construction is brick, steel pipes, planks, which are separate for the whole arbor is not enough.In other cases, the reason for this decision becomes the desire to dream and create something exclusive, well, most of the materials are combined in order to simplify the construction process.

Other differences include arbors shape and type of construction.They are rectangular, hexagonal, octagonal;by type divided into open and closed.pergola roof and mounted in different ways: it can be pent, gable, pyramid or multi-faceted.

construction technology gazebo

Construction gazebos with their hands

Construction gazebos with their hands

For example, the design used 5,4h3 meters with a gable roof.The construction process consists of the following stages: site layout, base preparation, installation pillars, making the binding, assembly and installation of the roof, floor unit, finishing.

First, prepare all the necessary: ​​

  • profiled tube 40x40 mm 40h20 mm;
  • electrode section 3 mm;
  • welding machine;
  • Bulgarian;
  • hand-drill;
  • building level;
  • roulette;
  • bituminous mixture;
  • primer;
  • square;
  • wooden pegs;
  • sledgehammer;
  • concrete, sand and gravel.

Step 1. Marking

Marking the future gazebos

markup future gazebos

plot allotted for the pergola, clear away and remove the sod.Define one of the corners of buildings, drive a peg into the ground, then from it, measure the length and width of the arbor, pull the twine between the pegs.In the formed rectangle vymeryat diagonal - if they are equal, the angles are marked correctly.The width of the rectangle is 3 m, length - 5.4.The short side is divided in half and fixed beacons;one of the long sides, which will be the back wall of the gazebo, divided into three equal segments by 1.8 m remaining sides and mark out:. by retreating angles of 2.2 m and also hammered pegs.



Step 2. Preparation of pits for pillars

Preparation of pits for poles

Preparation of pits for pillars

In place of pegs dug pit depth of 0.5 m. The most convenient way to use hand drill, while the ground around the support staysdense and stable.You should now have 10 identical in depth and diameter of the holes.

Pit for the post

Pit for post

Step 3. Installing the supports

profiled tube 40x40 mm grinder cut into 10 parts by 3 meters in length.Each rack-third the length of the bitumen coated with a liquid and dried.After that the pipe is lowered in the treated side of the pit, put on a level and hammer sledgehammer to a depth of 80-90 cm Again, check the verticality and covered the pit:. First layer of sand, then gravel layer.Top pour concrete solution, pierce it in several places with a metal bar or a shovel, went to excess air, and level surface.

foundation pillar (instead of using bitumen roofing felt )

Column basement (used instead of bitumen roofing felt)

Step 4. Installation of piping

will take 6 pieces of the pipe 40x40 mm to 3 m in length and 4 mm tube 40h20 on 5.4 m. Rail must be fixed on the perimeter of the constructionat a height of 0,8-0,9 m above the ground and the top edge of the pillars.Since the bearing have the same height, a piping pipe placed above and welded.To fix the lower trim waist, on one of the pillars of the label put a marker at the desired height, and then use it to carry the level of the rest of the rack.Thereafter, the labels applied to the pipe and welded.At the end of the upper stud strengthen further two transverse tubes and begin to assemble the roof.



Step 5. Making roof

roof frame consists of a base, cross bridges and ramps.For its production will require pipe profile 20x40 mm.The tube is cut according to measurements: 3 at 5.4 m interval, interval 4 to 3 m and 8 m 2 segments.Welded arbor rectangle size, then the segment 2 m 2 is applied at the corners of the short side and interconnected so that the lower ends were 5 cm beyond the edge of the frame.Similarly, the remaining six segments are welded and strengthen them to the roof frame at regular intervals.Top farm strengthen the longitudinal pipe, from the bottom - two transverse.

To set designs on the pillars will need an assistant.The framework of the roof is raised, and gently put on top of the harness.After leveling frame welded at the corners and four points on the perimeter of the arbor.Now you need to clean up the weld area, primed and paint the entire structure.

Step 6. The unit floor

In the photo - the floor in the gazebo of paving slabs

In the photo - the floor in the gazebo of the paving slabs

Paul arbor to be laid paving slabs.It is the most convenient and easiest option, but you can use others, such as concrete screed or wooden floor.Thus, a layer of turf had already been removed by the markup, so now must be carefully aligned and compacted soil.Be sure to check the site level, pour land or take off excess if necessary.After this section is filled with sand or screenings;layer height should not exceed 10 cm. Thus it is necessary to make the slope of a few degrees, which will not collect rain water on the floor of the gazebo.

Laying of paving slabs

Laying of paving slabs

Laying of paving slabs

Laying of paving slabs

Laying of paving slabs

Laying of paving slabs in the gazebo

Laying of paving slabs

Laying of paving slabs

Along the perimeter of the future sex dig the groove and set the borders, then lay out the tiles onsand, inciting them with a rubber hammer so joints were the most dense, and check the level.When all the pieces are stacked, floor to sleep fine sifted sand and spread it with a broom at the seams.Then sweep the remnants of the sand, and the tiles are well moistened with water.It is better to use a sprayer, as the strong jet can wash the sand.

Step 7. Fixing the roof




Roof The roof can be made of slate, polycarbonate sheeting and other suitable materials.The roofing sheet is cut to size slope, laid on top of the frame and fastened with screws on metal.Top mounted horse, mounted end plate.

Step 8. Finishing

Finish forging gazebo

finishing gazebos wrought

Arbor can be left completely open, but if you shut it down low on the sides of the walls, it will be much more comfortable.It is possible to fix the outside of polycarbonate installed between the floor and the welded strapping openwork lattice, wooden boards, waterproof plywood - all that tells a fantasy.Inside arbor mounted benches and a convenient table, electricity is supplied when needed.

The building , covered with thickets of grapes

property, covered with thickets of grapes

In a similar technology built gazebo made of wood and bricks: mark out the area, establish or spread pillars, roof mounted.It differs only the base of the device, as for brick pergola is better to pour a strip foundation or monolithic, and under wood is more suitable columnar.

Arbour of metal sheets

Arbour of metal sheets

An example of a metal gazebo

Example gazebo Metal

Video - Building the arbor with their hands