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August 12, 2017 18:07

Ceramic tiles : the description of the material and installation

probably no more than a natural material than burnt clay.ceramic products manufacturing technology is known for a very long time - she passed a long-term test of time and has been successfully used in almost all over the world.One of such products used in the construction of more than one millennium, is a ceramic tile - with it we will understand, or rather, once convinced of its practicality, reliability and quality.

advantages of natural tile

Amid its modern high-tech counterparts, asphalt and metal roofing tiles, ceramic roofing material does not look antediluvian dinosaur - the technology of its production also stepped forward.

Ceramic tile photo

Ceramic tile photo

Along with native natural qualities, the current natural ceramic tiles acquired and new features, which, by the way, quite a lot:

  • Firstly, it is exceptionally long life - contemporary ceramics can provide shelter not onegeneration of people.It almost does not age, does not wear out, successfully resists UV and nearly all weather conditions, including hurricanes.The only thing that is afraid of ceramic tile, because it is large hail.
  • Secondly, it is a kind of heat accumulator.During the day, natural tile slowly heats up, and then just as slowly cools - this ensures a constant flow of air in the roof space.This natural ventilation prevents condensation and keeps supporting the roof structure from rapid aging.
  • Third, trehmillimetrovy gap, which results in locks tiles, creates a space for thermal deformation.Because of these gaps roof not only deformed but also well ventilated.
  • Fourth, soundproofing.In contrast to the roof of metal, the sound of rain drops falling on the ceramic roof into the room does not penetrate.
  • Fifth, it's a great look.Modern manufacturers have learned to produce a roof made of baked clay, not only different colors but also different shapes.Types of ceramic tiles today are not limited to a few names - a lot of them.If desired, there is even the possibility of the development of individual shape of the individual elements of the roof.

These characteristics of ceramic tiles make it the most popular roofing material in the world today and prolong its life in another century.

Production of natural ceramic tiles

To fully ensure that the clay tile is only natural material that has the characteristics is not inferior to modern roofing, will hold a small tour on the production.

During manufacturing modern roof of ceramic tiles goes through the following processing steps:

  1. preparing a mixture occurs at the first stage of production.Here is the process of mixing the clay pottery, which provides for the addition of various plasticizers.They added to ordinary clay modern properties and can facilitate the subsequent processes of forming and firing has almost finished product.
  2. At the second stage molding product.The shape of the finished product is given in two ways - tape and punching method.We will not go into the process - and one another method of production, usually electronically controlled, resulting in a high-precision products, virtually no variations in size.
  3. Well, the final stage of production of ceramic roofing - it's his firing.It's simple - a clay semifinished product is exposed to high temperature in 1000˚, resulting in a modern roofing.
natural ceramic tile

Natural ceramic tile

As you can see, the manufacture of ceramic tile technology has not undergone almost no changes - added equipment, computing processes, but the basis remains the same as that used thousands of years ago.

Installation of the roof of ceramic tiles

installation of ceramic tile looks at all a difficult process - it's a neat hard work with elements of weightlifting.Blame the weight of ceramic products.

roof of ceramic tiles

roof of ceramic tiles Photo

As is the case with other roofing materials, natural tile installation is done on top of the support structure, for which, by the way, put forward higher requirements, causes the most weight ceramics.As a rule, part of a roof truss made of metal, which is subsequently sewn on wooden beams.

no exception to the rule is a waterproofing and - on top of the rafters of the roof sheathing is laid, which is attached to the waterproofing barrier.Lathing under ceramic tile should also have increased strength - as a rule, it is made from a substantially continuous thick edging boards.

on over Gidrobarer set kontrobreshetka - precisely this element of the roof construction and made an immediate fixation of individual ceramic tiles.Kontrobreshetka mounted based on the amount of ceramic tiles - it is sewn along the slope of the roof and to the millimeter repeats step natural tile.

Laying ceramic tile is made directly on the timber kontrobreshetki.She fastened with nails or screws with rubber washers, which are necessary to ensure the free deformation of roofing material in the process of thermal expansion.Each row of tiles above the stacking must go to overlap with the previous one.This same rule applies to the connection elements of the same number.The overlap must be present - or roof leak is not achieved.

very important moment in the creation of the roof of ceramic tiles is a device ridge and valleys.For this purpose, special elements are produced, which in the case of roof ridge tiles are stacked on top of the primary, and in valleys underneath.

ceramic tile installation

Installing ceramic tile

Still, like it or not, and even ceramic tile and is a reliable and beautiful, but its installation - it is rather complicated.No, independently master this process can be, but that's just what happens?It is better to trust the professionals who turn out their experience over the years - only they can carry out installation of ceramic roof quickly and accurately.

author Vladimir Belov


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