Build Daily

Wiring

August 12, 2017 18:07

How to make hidden wiring ?

hidden wiring installation is a set of measures to cabling inside walls.This option is used most often in houses and apartments, where the question of the interior has a huge impact.Next, we provide readers with "electrician himself" a detailed step by step instructions of electrical work that you know how to properly hold the wiring in brick, concrete and plaster the walls with his own hands.

Contents:
  • What are the advantages of this method?
  • Step by Step wiring diagram Create
  • Prepare tools and materials Stroebe walls
  • Set Enclosures
  • Laying line
  • Features works plasterboard

What are the advantages of this method?

Hidden wiring is used during the overhaul of housing or wiring replaced with a new, more powerful.Wiring the power supply inside the walls

advantage of hidden cable routing inside the walls is as follows:

  • not spoil the interior rooms becausewiring is hidden under a layer of plaster or plasterboard partitions.
  • Increased fire safety of property, if the walls are concrete, not wood (or gypsum).The reason is, that when ignited insulation fire will not spread further, due to lack of oxygen and flammable materials.
  • Longer electrical services associated with reliable protection from UV conductor and mechanical effects.

The weak point of the complexity of the installation, as compared to the open method, as well as the complexity of the repair and maintenance of hidden wiring.The last two minuses associated with the fact that all the wiring elements are hidden under a layer of plaster, and to access them will require the destruction of wall decoration.

Summing up, it should be noted that all of the capital for housing such variant more correct and reliable.As for baths, garage, log homes and other buildings, then it is recommended to open the wiring.

with dignity sorted out, go to the main question of the article!Step by step instructions

wiring

So now we look at how to make the concealed wiring in a brick building with their hands on the example of small instructions.

create a schema

The first thing you need to do - create a schema, which will be marked route passing along the walls of the cable, the installation location of sockets, switches and junction boxes in each room.On the basis of this scheme will be counting materials and, in fact, installation of hidden wiring.

A good project

Recommendations for charting:

  1. cable must be held vertically or horizontally on the surface.The only rule - the distance from the floor and the ceiling should be 15-20 cm (for ease of repair and installation of hidden wiring).
  2. height / installation location of switches and sockets are not standardized and are usually chosen based on the individual circumstances.For example, in the kitchen socket may be installed over the top, and in the hall - for a TV.Installation of the junction box is carried out at the entrance to the room.
  3. distance from radiators, piping and ventilation ducts shall be not less than 50 cm (according to SAE).

Prepare tools and materials

At this stage it is necessary to calculate, according to the project made by the number of outlets, switches, and the length of the conductor in order to perform a flush mounting in walls.First we need to make a calculation of the cable cross section, to choose the most suitable core diameter.If we neglect this point, the threat may be related to the fact that the conductor can not withstand the current loads from the powerful electrical appliances.After that, pick up the most suitable types of switches and sockets for rooms, for example, in the bathroom need to use waterproof products (for security reasons).

minimum set of materials is as follows:

  • outlet;
  • switches;
  • Enclosures;
  • junction boxes;
  • cable;
  • protective plastic corrugated (optional);
  • connection terminal blocks;
  • electrical tape;
  • plaster solution.

As for tools for mounting the wiring you need the following:

  • wall chaser, Bulgarian or punch (for shtrobleniya walls);
  • chisel and a hammer;
  • multimeter;
  • stripping tool or knife electrician;
  • set of screwdrivers;
  • building level;
  • pencil;
  • trowel.

After preparing all the necessary, we can start the installation of hidden wiring in the house with their hands!

Stroebe walls

The first thing to do - proshtrobit wall if the installation will be carried out in a brick or panel house.Before shtroblenie must be applied to the surface of the walls of the markup for which you will be guided during the creation of recesses.Very interesting technology layout, we have provided in the article wiring in the house, where the rope was used colored chalk.

When the walls are marked, take in hand grinders and begin to cut the groove.This is done quite simply - cut through two parallel lines at a distance of 3-4 cm from each other.After that, a chisel and a hammer knocked band, which will be ready Stroebe.Depth Stroebe flush depends on the cable size and the presence of the protective sleeve.In any case, the depth should be selected with a small margin associated with the application of the plaster layer to alignment walls.Using Wall Chasers

Instead grinders can use a special tool - wall chaser, which smoothly and no dust will create a suitable recess.The problem is that the price of such a tool is quite high, and for a time to perform the installation of hidden wiring in a private home to buy it does not make sense.However, in this case we can find a way - to make wall chaser with his own hands!


Also, do not forget to make a recess at the outlet and junction boxes.To do this it is best to use a drill with a special crown a nozzle with a diameter of 68 mm Drill with crown attachment

Recommended browse master class that shows how to Stroebe walls for wiring:

Video User shtroblenie wall
YouTube Preview

Set Enclosures

Onthis stage, everything is simple - it is necessary to perform a prepared hole installation Escutcheon and junction boxes for concealed wiring.Installing the Escutcheon That they firmly "sitting" on their ground, use a plaster solution which securely grab the plastic to concrete.The edges of the product should be placed flush to avoid problems when decorating walls.

Laying line

Now that Enclosures and junction box to be installed, it is necessary to hold hidden wiring by Stroebe.To start cut cable suitable intervals (for example, from the box to the switch), leaving a small margin on the compound lived.Then put the pieces of the recesses in the ceiling and the walls, then we catch them with a plaster solution.Also, the cable can be independently held in the floor, but this is not very good installation because the repair and maintenance of internal electric networks will be hindered.

relatively protective bellows question an individual, can not be used.Purpose corrugations is additional protection against mechanical damage.If you choose PVA marking wire, can not take care of additional protection, becauseinsulation of the conductor is quite reliable.

When the line will plaster is stuck in some places (as shown in the picture), it is necessary to ring hidden wiring to ensure that all connections, as well as the efficiency of the power supply.If all goes well - zashpaklevyvaem wall.Wire in Stroebe

That's the technology of installation of hidden wiring in a brick house and the apartment with his hands.As you can see, nothing complicated, important to respect the color coding of wires when connecting conductors and do everything carefully.Upon completion mounted sockets and switches, while the switchboard is installed protective equipment and then you can proceed to the installation of chandeliers and arrangement of rooms.

Connecting protection and automation

only thing still would like to tell - of plasterboard walls, asAbove we have provided instructions for installation of electrical wiring hidden in the concrete and brick, which is much more complicated and is used less and less today.

If you have decided to hold the wiring in a wooden house (panel, or wireframe with the log), be sure to read the article to which we have referred.The importance of the issue lies in the fact that the wiring cables on combustible foundations need to consider a lot of nuances, which we reviewed in detail.

Features works plasterboard

things much easier when installing concealed wiring in the drywall business, sincethis case does not need to do any cutting grooves.The line is carried out under sheets of drywall partitions between the structure of the profiles, as shown in the photo.Gofra between profiles

The problem is that the damage to wire insulation leakage current may occur in the profile.The result of the leak - the likelihood of electric shock to persons.To this did not happen, it is recommended to place the line in a ripple, but better - a plastic tube.In the field junction boxes will need to cut into drywall special hatches for easy access.

That's all that I wanted to tell you how to hold the wiring in concrete and plasterboard walls with his own hands.As you can see, the installation of hidden wiring in a brick house and the apartment is not a big deal.We hope that the information was useful and understandable for you!To help you clearly see the whole process, provide detailed video instructions:

illustrative video lesson

YouTube Preview
Related Related Materials:

  • How to connect the RCD?
  • Methods wiring in the junction box
  • Explanation of marking of cables and cords