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Country Houses

August 12, 2017 18:05

Puts own tile paving - step by step instructions

If laying garden paths is not difficult, it is necessary to paved courtyard approached responsibly.The area is large, the load in the form of cars fall a lot, and look cover should look nice and neat.The most reasonable choice in this case - the paving slabs.Unlike concrete, the work can be carried out in stages, the very tiles quite durable and easy to repair if necessary.

Materials and tools

tile thickness can vary from 2 to 6 cm. For the court, according to which can drive the car, you should get on the tile thickness of 4 cm, because the thinner can be cracked.Tile 2-3 cm thick is only suitable for paving areas that are not will have to increased loads.Vibrocasting tiles pressed a little more expensive, but more durable and more beautiful.

color, shape and pattern on the tile selected on the basis of exterior trim of the house.Gray - the cheapest.Lay your hands the easiest tile shaped form, more difficult - small diamond-shaped and rectangular.The required number of tiles depends on the area of ​​the yard, the counting procedure can vary by manufacturer.

addition tiles need:

  • sand without impurities of clay (2-3 tons per yard average),
  • cement,
  • curb for fencing off the site,
  • fishing line or sturdy string and pegs to mark,
  • Bulgarian diamonddisc for cutting concrete,
  • rubber hammer or mallet,
  • shovel,
  • press for compaction of soil and sand,
  • normally 150-200 cm in length,
  • tape measure and level,
  • trowel or trowel,
  • old hardbroom or brush,
  • protective gloves.


preparatory phase: marking and tamper site

From a platform on which to lay tile, remove the sod and the top layer of soil.The resulting hole is placed a layer of sand or fine gravel thickness of 5-7 cm.

Before starting work, you must determine whether the ground slope, through which the water will not be collected.The best option - the slope of a few degrees in the direction of the street.If the yard has a bias towards the house, you have to take care of the drainage system.

the lowest point of the site is taken as the zero point, and the line to which the inclined plane - the zero line.At its two ends are driven into the peg, and between the tensioned strand, which should be strictly horizontal (level is checked).To one of the already hammered pegs tied another thread and stretched perpendicular to the first.Its other end is attached to a peg so that the entire yarn had a bias of a few degrees to the zero line.

The third peg again tied the thread and fixed in parallel zero line horizontally.The fourth and first stakes are interconnected, forming a loop pad, inside of which is laid tile.If the pad has a shape other than the quadrangle, it can be visually divided into parts, and to construct a path for each of them.

C -P -O

For the convenience of the whole area is divided into strips of width by 10-20 centimeters longer rules.They do this by delaying the same distance on the threads perpendicular to the zero line and hammering the pegs.Pegs filament is connected, which is horizontal and flush with the threads forming the sides of the rectangle.

Layout - a painstaking and tedious step, but only if it is applied correctly laid tile with professional quality.

After marking the on-site equate sand.Detach where it reaches the thread and there is added, from which it is far.As a result, between the filament and the surface along the entire length should be a distance of 8-9 cm. Sand carefully leveled and trampled.


Laying tiles

Before laying the tile you want to view, weed out defective or broken.Usable tile expanded stacks on the perimeter of the site, taking into account the color and pattern to when installing do not go for it every time.

Immediately before stacking, a mixture of sand and cement in a ratio of 6: 1.Sand is better to take the wet.That it did not dry up, prepare a little bit for each band.

cement-sand mixture is spread on the front page, level and well ram.At the beginning of the band still pour the mixture ram hands and leveled rule.Lay the tiles, making sure that its side coincided with the marking threads.Jam on it, pushing it into the mixture, rattle mallet.Just placed adjacent tiles, and then ranks.The distance between tiles leave about 5 mm.In those places where the tile will experience increased loads - at borders, gates, it is not put on the mixture and on a cement-sand mortar.

tiles Rows spread by itself to move up the already laid.Obstacles such as manholes, lids caissons, poles cost whole tiles.All work on the final design and trim pieces to perform better in the end.Tile incision grinder with a diamond disk and then break off.

joints between tiles laid to fill the cement-sand mixture.It crumbles on top of the tiles, and then stiff broom or brush swept through the cracks.If the work is delayed for a few days, this operation is repeated at the end of each day.This filling of additional fixes tiles.

Edge platform, on which are laid tiles, bordered border.Under it a narrow trench dug appropriate depth, it is poured into a solution and a bit set curb.Empty seats along the border are filled with chopped tiles or special "halves", which have each manufacturer.

final touches

After placing all the tiles and borders seams need to once again fill with a mixture of sand and cement.If possible, it is necessary to walk on the laid tile Vibropress it even stronger by typing it into the ground.The finished area abundantly watered - it washes away the sand and penetrating under the tiles, makes it harder to grapple with a sand bag.