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House Insulation

August 12, 2017 18:06

Insulation Penoplex : characteristics and peculiarities of assembly

Modern building market is replete with a variety of materials for insulation.Among them is very popular Penoplex.The reason for this - full satisfaction of the requirements for thermal insulation materials and compatibility with all building elements.This material is made according to modern technology, in which process uses non-toxic materials.However, as part of Penoplex contains chemical additives that can not talk about it the ideal ecological purity.

Foam insulation for all surfaces

Penoplex suitable for insulating any surfaces

material has the technical and operational characteristics that make it the most efficient of all currently available heaters.In this article we will discuss in detail what Penoplex insulation: characteristics and features of installation of the material.

What is Penoplex?

All of us long and well know what the foam is and what it needs.Inherently Penoplex - is more improved foam obtainable by extruding foamed polystyrene.

The extrusion assembly line for the production of thermal insulation panels

extrusion conveyor production of insulation panels

the first time more than 50 years ago, the first plant for the production of extruded polystyrene was built in the United States.insulation production process is as follows: polystyrene beads are placed in a high-temperature chamber where the melted and foamed due to their effect on blowing agent added to the mixture.The molten composition, similar to whipped cream, squeezed through a nozzle on the molding conveyor.In it, he hardens and is cut to the standard size for the panel.All this is hidden from the human eye, as occurs in a closed chamber.At the exit we can see the finished products.

Components, forcing the molten mass to foam are blowing agents.These chemical compounds when heated can secrete large quantities of gases: nitrogen, carbon dioxide and others in smaller amounts.

The composition includes various Penoplex chemicals in varying degrees

Penoplex The structure consists of a variety of chemicals in varying degrees

Production takes place at a temperature of 130 - 140 degrees at a rate of about 60 kg / h.In addition to actually Penoplex, in the same way produce analogs: TECHNOPLEX, Extrol and other similar materials.

Through the use of blowing agents, the resulting insulation slabs are porous like foam, but unlike him, granules Penoplex firmly interconnected into a single cellular structure.The air gap is distributed evenly throughout the volume of the product.The cell size is from 0.1 to 0.3 mm and are filled with gas.Each cell is completely sealed, which ensures excellent performance of thermal resistance.Homogeneous structure makes the material dense and much more durable than foam.

Through the use of blowing agents , the resulting insulation slabs have a porous structure

Through the use of blowing agents, resulting slab insulation are porous

Specifications insulation Penoplex

All major specifications Penoplex can be presented in tabular form for clarity.

Foam Specification depending on the type of material

Specifications Penoplex depending on the type of material

The table above shows that the insulation Penoplex produced in several variants, which differ in some characteristics and geometrical parameters.Each type is proposed for use in a specific range of areas.Since the insulation is very light and well cut into the necessary details, it can be used for self-insulation of all elements of the building.

Easy to install Penoplex plate

Easy to install plates Penoplex

consider in more detail some of the parameters presented in the table with the characteristics:

  • Thermal conductivity Penoplex about 0.03.This figure can now be considered as practically the lowest of all the available heaters.However, he does not change with changes in temperature and humidity.This quality allows the use of a heater inside and outside the building.There is no need to protect Penoplex additional waterproofing materials.
  • Hygroscopicity Penoplex strikes.Stove, placed entirely in water for a month is able to absorb only 0.6% of its volume.And all of it is absorbed in the first 10 days, post which the process is completely stopped.Penetration of moisture occurs only in the upper plate.
  • water vapor permeability of the material is comparable in its characteristics to the roofing material.Plate 20 mm thick hardly capable of passing water vapor through itself.For a finished surface Penoplex additional vapor barrier is not required.In some cases, it may be a minus, such as interior decoration, where the walls should "breathe."
  • resistance to compression of the material is quite high due to the homogeneity of its structure.This makes it possible to use this type of insulation for floor insulation.Dents remaining when pressed, the depth does not exceed 1 mm.
  • Penoplex Sustainability is questionable, since not all manufacturers tend to stick to the existing environmental standards in the production of slabs.Therefore, the choice of material for interior decoration should be treated more carefully.From the quality of the product depends on its exposure to combustion.Some materials are well lit, some do not burn, but melts with the release of toxic volatile substances.There are also completely safe materials.
  • Lifetime Penoplex calculated by its repeated freezing and thawing.Most of the experiments showed that the material can withstand more than 50 such cycles, indicating that his 50-year service life.

addition to the above characteristics, Penoplex has good resistance to certain chemicals and solvents.These include: alcohols, acids, salt solutions, lime, water-based paints, lye, ammonia, propane, butane, freons, oxygen, carbon dioxide, slurries, vegetable fats and oils.Nevertheless, there are a number of substances that are able to destroy or completely dissolve Penoplex: Various ethers, toluene, benzene and other hydrocarbons, formaldehyde, formalin, kerosene, gasoline, diesel fuel, acetone, oil paints and polyesters.

As mark heater Penoplex

There are several varieties Penoplex.These characteristics can be seen in the above table.Let's speak only about the field of use of all types:

  • Penoplex 31 is not very strong, so it is usually used to insulate tanks and piping.
  • Penoplex 31C is also no different strength, so it is used for internal insulation of walls.It differs from the first he had only a degree of flammability.It had slightly higher.
  • Penoplex 35 - versatile material having high strength and insulating qualities.It is used for thermal insulation of pipes, walls, floors and foundations.
  • Penoplex 45 very durable and moisture-resistant, so it is used for thermal insulation of surfaces subjected to high dynamic loads: runways, paving, foundations.
  • Penoplex 45C is similar to the previous one, but it is used for the walls of large industrial facilities.

Also a digital marking, there is another, which reflects the performance of the types of material:

  • Penoplex - Wall with a density of 25 - 32 kg / m3 is used for thermal insulation of the walls inside and outside walls and plinths.
  • Penoplex - foundation with a density of 29 - 33 kg / m3 for thermal insulation of basements.
  • Penoplex - Roof with a density of 28 - 33 kg / m3 is used as attic insulation.
  • Penoplex - Comfort with a density of 25 - 35 kg / m3 for insulation of balconies and loggias, as well as the premises where there is high humidity.

This variety of material types allows you to choose the most appropriate in a given situation.

Technological features Penoplex mounting on different surfaces

most out of insulation can be achieved only if it properly mounted on a particular surface.Mount Technology Penoplex in different places is somewhat different.

Warming facades

Many consumers prefer to save money and therefore violate Penoplex mount technology on the facade wall of the house.Usually, just attach it to the anchors with wide hats "fungi".This can cause the appearance of mold and mildew.Thermal insulation of the walls should be done according to the rules:

  • Wall cleaned of dust and dirt, and then primed.
  • irregularities on the walls of plaster and is primed again.
  • In the lower part of the wall attach the L-shaped profile, which is called the starter.slabs Laying begin with him.The first row of panels just installed on the guide profile.
  • plates glued to the wall surface with a special glue.It is applied to the plate, which is then pressed with force against the wall.Plates are glued on the pattern of brickwork.This minimizes the risk of thermal bridges.
  • only after the plates are glued, their fixed dowels - "fungi".It should be 5 - 6 pieces per 1 m2.Hats fungi must press in the insulation on its thickness to be flush with the surface of the plate.To install the dowels right through insulation drilled holes of the desired diameter and depth.They inserted "fungus", which is hammered into the plastic nail.In the process of entering inside, he extends a leg "fungus", hold the dowel tightly inside the wall.
  • Angles houses reinforce special perforated corners, and the entire surface of the insulation reinforced with a special fiberglass mesh that is glued to plaster.
  • Further surface plates can be any grout composition.

Due to its high density, Penoplex boards can be plastered all plaster.Often used in relief and texture compositions.The facades, decorated in this way, not only perfectly retain heat in the house, but also look very presentable.

Wall , insulated foams

wall, insulated Penoplex

Insulation of balconies and loggias

When insulation walls on the balcony and a loggia should know about some features.Firstly, all the joints between the slabs must be Penoplex prokleivat foiled tape and fill with foam.When the cold bridges are completely excluded, over the surface of the resulting paste is another foil insulation.The whole structure can be covered with plaster or paneling.

The process of warming the surface of the walls on the balcony

process of warming the surface of the walls on the balcony

Work on the roof insulation

The roof is usually insulated even during the construction phase or during the renovation.To do this, from the attic to the lower surface of the rafters stuffed plank siding.On top of it put vapor barrier membrane, and already it Penoplex plate.The gaps between the boards and rafters zapenivayut mounting foam.On top of a heater placed windproof film and packed crate for roof mounting.Then, the laying of roofing.

The scheme "pie" roof insulation

scheme "pie" roof insulation

Similarly produced and attic floor insulation in the house.In this case, the board filed bottom floors lag.They put a vapor barrier film, and then the insulation plates.All zapenivayut gaps with foam.

floor insulation of concrete

Since Penoplex has a sufficiently high density, it can be placed on the floor under the laminate or parquet.To this end, the subfloor is cleaned of dust and dirt, and then primed.Then glue is applied to the floor onto which the plates sticking Penoplex.Slabs for floors have grooves and spikes on the ends, so do not leave gaps.Heater warms not only the room, but also creates an additional sound insulation in the room and the floor levels.

Bonding Penoplex plates on the floor

Bonding tiles on the floor Penoplex

There is another option of warming the floor Penoplex.It is used mainly in a private home, where the trail to the floor joists.In this case, make a file of the boards to the bottom surface of the log.Then, between the joists are laid Penoplex plate.The gaps between the well propenivayut.Top on the joists plank wooden subfloor on which make any topcoat.

Thus, we see that Penoplex can be used for thermal insulation of virtually all elements of the building.The main thing here - to choose the most appropriate type of insulation.