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August 12, 2017 18:07

Hungarian porcelain - porcelain Zsolnay

Hungarian porcelain , closely associated with the rich and unique history of the country, is the subject of huge national pride. and exquisite porcelain "Herend", so beloved, revered kings, and Zsolnay porcelain , more democratic everyday use, always impeccable quality and unique style, preserved in our XXI century.Therefore, if you do not know what gifts to bring back from Hungary, feel free to choose from the Hungarian porcelain items, which will decorate any interior.

birthplace zholnayskogo porcelain is a small, wonderful Hungarian town of Pécs, located in the south-west of the country, at the foot of the Mecsek Mountains.The city, spread out on the site of ancient settlement of the Romans, who visited a 150-year Turkish rule differs eclectic architectural styles: Cathedral Orthodox Cathedral is adjacent to the Turkish mosque and the Franciscan monastery, built in the baroque style.Pécs is extremely rich in architectural monuments, there are several museums and art galleries.It is no accident about it saying that it is "the city that never obscured shadows of the capital."

extremely hospitable and friendly people of art, artists, graphic artists, who made their contribution to the development of modernism - the dominant styles of art and architecture of the second half of the nineteenth century, Pecs proved to be the place where in the middle of the 19th century Vilmos Zsolnay founded his family manufactory - Porcelainfactory.In her workshops gradually master new ways of firing porcelain and perfected new techniques of painting.

studying high-temperature roasting experience and majolica ceramics used as far back as the medieval Italian town of Gubbio workshops, applying and combining various compositions of clay as a raw material, Vilmos Zsolnay managed to improve the manufacturing process and to achieve very considerable success.

Zsolnay Porcelain Factory

Zsolnay Porcelain Factory

Initially, the temperature of 1400 degrees using the firing of raw materials, master porcelain manufactory established that the temperature is too high for painted objects - they could not preserve their original color.In workshops Manufactory changed temperature range from 1250 to 1280 degrees.

result of years of searching masters porcelain factory was the creation of a special kind of reduction glaze - eosin glaze, which after firing in the furnace provides radiant color with a bright metallic sheen.This type of glaze used in the decoration of the Hungarian porcelain , refers to coatings with a pronounced decorative effect.And depending on the temperature, chemical composition of the glaze covering base product, the thickness of glaze applied decorative effect can have extremely diverse artistic merit.

The first mass-produced products craftsmen used purplish-red hues, but later began to be painted porcelain in the golden-greenish color.It is this shade with a metallic bronze tint has become a business card Zsolnay porcelain.

Hungarian porcelain

Hungarian porcelain

Hungarian porcelain

Hungarian porcelain

Hungarian porcelain

Hungarian porcelain

Hungarian porcelain

Hungarian porcelain

Together with numerous shades eosin glaze used in the production of porcelain and developed unique techniques of hand-painted products.The most amazing thing in the art of hand-painted porcelain Zsolnay Hungarian - is that it was carried out not porcelain paint and using a special glassy glaze, makes drawing rich and relief.Despite the high temperature firing porcelain, drawing after heat treatment had a very clear outline.This particular method of hand-painted porcelain is significantly different from the color painting techniques applied to other industries, and performed not brush as usual, and stylus.

Hungarian Zsolnay Porcelain

Hungarian porcelain Zsolnay

Hungarian porcelain hand-painted

Hungarian porcelain hand-painted

Hungarian Zsolnay Porcelain

Hungarian porcelain Zsolnay

Hungarian porcelain hand-painted

Hungarian porcelain hand-painted

Hungarian Zsolnay Porcelain

Hungarian porcelain Zsolnay

Hungarian porcelain hand-painted

Hungarian porcelain hand-painted

Hungarian Zsolnay Porcelain

Hungarian porcelain Zsolnay

Along with utensils of daily use, manufacture produced products decorative nature: all kinds of flower vases, including large floor vases, jugs, decorative plates, stand-holders for letters, as well as products of smallsculptural forms, is of great interest to collectors all over the world.Currently, a huge number of products based on the artistic principles that had previously ceramic artist have been developed, worked in a factory Zsolnay.

Hungarian porcelain hand-painted

Hungarian porcelain hand-painted

Hungarian porcelain photo

Hungarian porcelain photo

Hungarian porcelain photo

Hungarian porcelain photo

Hungarian porcelain photo

Hungarian porcelain photo

Hungarian porcelain

Hungarian porcelain

Hungarian porcelain

Hungarian porcelain

Histhe first recognition product manufactory Vilmos Zsolnay received in 1873 at the world exhibition in Vienna.Vilmos Zsolnay was awarded the Austrian Emperor Franz Josef, and its products have gained a bronze medal and a certificate of quality.Participation in the World Exhibition in Paris in 1878 brought porcelain gold medal and European recognition.By the end of the XIX century factory Zsolnay products, thanks to the material, design, wonderful glaze and a beautiful hand painted, is a huge success, both abroad and within the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Zholnayskaya manufactory in industrial design and architecture

should mention one more artistic, technological discovery manufactory, which was an outstanding contribution to the development of a new direction of industrial design, to issue at the end of the XIX century.It is about pirogranite - construction and industrial ceramics, having high resistance to temperature changes, effects of acids, moisture.

Neither Austro-Hungarian Empire, nor in the neighboring European countries at the Zsolnay factory were no competitors able to produce a material having such a high decorative qualities.Style ornamental motifs that were used in murals pirogranita, borrowed from folk artists ceramists Hungarian art, and sometimes used the eastern ethnic motives.

high consumer quality and great artistic merit led to the widespread use of pirogranita for facades of Hungary's most famous buildings: it is unique in its beauty the building of the Hungarian Parliament, the Central Market in Budapest Museum of Applied Arts and many of the buildings of his native city of Pécs.In addition, pirogranit was used in the design of various fountains, sculptural groups, church altars.A huge contribution to the production and manufacture of building ceramics contributed to the improvement of the rapid spread of the bright ceramic panels in architectural ensembles in Europe.

Hungary Architecture - Pecs

Hungary Architecture - Pecs

Fountain in Pecs , Hungary

Fountain in Pecs, Hungary

Hungary Architecture - Zsolnay Manufactory

Hungary Architecture - manufacture Zsolnay

Hungary Architecture - Zsolnay Manufactory

Architecture Hungary - manufacture Zsolnay

Hungary Architecture - Zsolnay Manufactory

Hungary Architecture - manufacture Zsolnay

painstaking work, the constant search for new technological solutions, outstanding artistic merit earned huge fame Zsolnay factory.Today's life is a porcelain manufactory, despite the many difficulties and great tension in the relentless quest for new forms - a commitment by supporting all core manufacturing tradition to develop and increase the artistic merits of products.

All photos of Hungarian porcelain - the official site Zsolnay Porcelain Museum www.zsolnay.com


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