Build Daily

Do It Yourself!

August 12, 2017 18:06

Proper connection of the hob to the mains - step by step instructions

panel Any appliance, the functioning of which is necessary to its connection to the power supply, is an object of increased danger.This should be remembered constantly.Consequently, a fairly common view of the "do as instructed, and everything is all right" or "not bad people who made" to put it mildly, is not quite true.It should also "calculate" all the consequences of self-connection of the hob.

will not be repeated and burden the reader with information reading, he can easily be gleaned from the manufacturer's instructions (and the document is attached to each product), especially as the range of cooktops so large that a single "recipe" given the design features anddifferences in the characteristics of the models can not be.

offer several "original" article, which will be told only that, what you need to pay attention.And what a tool to "take in hand, and where to look in this" - a manufacturing company in detail painted and without our participation.

Immediately it should be noted - all that is necessary to acquire an additional (to install, connect, and so on) should be calculated on the current strength in excess of the working of the panel of not less than 1.5 times.Plus - for a voltage (for some elements e / circuit it matters)?

socket

In many of our homes are set outlet has "Soviet" production.Plugs also all import e / devices meet European standards.Naturally, the section "pin" and "holes" are not the same.Do not try to use force.Of course, at a certain persistence is still give the result (who wants one will do).

question is - contact group socket will be deformed.As a result - the systematic sparks in place of contact "pins" with slats.For what it may lead, without the need to comment.




IKEA

Many people try to solve the problem dramatically - to replace the outlet to the "euro".But the point?In our homes into apartments instituted only "phase" and "zero", but the connection to the earthing obschedomovyh individual apartments Soviet "standardizer" for some reason did not think.Therefore, the fact is the use of the socket-euro (without ground wire) - zero.Just a waste of time and waste on the floor after the job.

decision - for those who do not know - are commercially available adapters with "euro" in the conventional forks.Standing no more than 25 - 30 rubles / piece.And the amount of current consumed by the hob is indicated in the device data sheet.

If the deal does not work (the document or lost), you can be guided by the following relationships (capacity - current): to 3.5 kW - no less than 16 A;up to 6 kW - 32 A .

E / wiring

Ideally, each powerful e / unit should have its own line.But to realize this happens only in the private sector.And what about the townspeople?The first step is to inspect the power board in the stairwell.Find "your" machine is simple, if you know where to set "our" e / counter.What is important?Cross-section of veins of a wire, which "leaves" in the apartment.Not everyone is able to determine visually, so it is best to consult with a person who understands the "squares".

podklyuchenie_elektroplity

What to consider

  • hob - additional, and powerful, the load on the line.Does it make sense to include this device into an existing network (given its deterioration), or to make a single "thread" for this particular device?
  • approximate ratio (current - "squaring" the wire section): 16 A - 2.5;32 A - 4 .

gasket of the new "thread" is best left to professionals - the pricing here.And just to lay the wire at least 4 cores - "Phase", "earth", "zero" (if required) + 1 spare.

Additional elements chain

  • Individual (for panels) circuit breaker.For the 16 A device - designed for at least 25;respectively, for 32 A - no less than 40.
  • RCD.This device is often confused with the circuit breaker, but it is a completely different circuit elements.Each performs its function, and therefore it should be included in the chain.

Note

  • l The manual many models have small circuit wiring.For those who have forgotten designation, it is worth recalling. «L» - it is always a phase wire, ie voltage. symbol "PE" made ground to mark .
  • If possible, the outlet of the circuit is better to exclude.Unnecessary contacts - unnecessary problems.Power cable or wire (on machine) in this case is connected directly to a "terminal block" hob.A disconnect (if necessary) is easy - with the help of the same circuit breaker.
  • for laying new lines must be purchased wire (cable) only with veins of copper.And always with a shell "heat-resistant" category.For example, «H05SS-F».
  • Grounding should be individualized.It can not be "parallel" with other household units.

After connecting the panel should be checked for all operating modes.Always - on operation of all protections provided by simulated emergency situations.

And in conclusion I would like to note that the article should not be considered a direct "guide to action" and focus only on the specified numerical values.She's just a - a good tip for people who understand azah el / equipment.Everything else - strictly according to instructions on device.Well, if the electrician with the reader "not friendly", it is not necessary to experiment, and - the payment of professional services in any case will be much cheaper extinguishing.