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August 12, 2017 18:06

The alignment of the walls on beacons : beacons learn to put your hands under the plaster

To achieve the ideal state of the walls after the tiling, you first need to prepare them very well and align.The best way to align the walls is the use of lighthouses.This process is fairly simple, but has a lot of nuances, without the knowledge of which it is impossible to produce high-quality alignment.In this article we look at the alignment of the walls on beacons: learn to put beacons plaster hands.

The best way to align the walls is the use of lighthouses

The best way to align the walls is to use beacons

Pretreatment

surface to align walls with plastering was the highest quality, the old layer of plaster must be removed completely to the ground.If you do not want it, it is necessary to conduct a thorough inspection of the surface of the walls in order to identify obvious defects or areas where there are significant irregularities or plaster falls off.In such places be sure to remove the old paint.

First of all you need to carefully examine all the surfaces of the walls.In the presence of deep pits they need to cover a layer of plaster.All cavities have to be aligned with the rest surface elevation changes can only be in the range of 5 to 12 mm.Small protrusions required skived ax.Trust your eyes is not worth it, better to use a laser level or a conventional thread.On both sides of the wall near the ceiling need to screw in the screws and attach them to the plumb lines to the floor.Between them it is necessary to pull the horizontal thread on which the ends are sliding knots.It will need to move up and down along the wall, noting problem areas with a pencil.

Conducting preliminary work

Once completed all the dirty work on the preparation of the walls, you need to carefully obmesti wall from dust and dirt using a broom or vacuum cleaner.Thereafter, it is treated with a primer, which protects the surface from excessive moisture absorption.In addition, it prevents the appearance of mold and mildew.Selection of primer mixture is carried out depending on what kind of material was used for the construction of the wall.

Sometimes the plastering is necessary to use reinforcing mesh, especially in the kitchen or in the bathroom, as there will be glued ceramic tiles.Such need also arises in the presence of a layer of plaster over 10 mm.Reinforcing mesh is attached with dowels or directly to the solution.

Installing beacons plaster

Lighthouses called special limiting straps, which are needed in order to master can navigate when overlaying layer of plaster.Their installation takes a lot of time, but allows for basic work much faster and easier to obtain a high quality result.several varieties of beacons can be identified that are used most frequently.The most common is a metal lighthouse, which is a flat profile, which is also called the lighthouse rail.It has a height of 3, 6 and 10 mm.This device has a number of advantages:

  • fully ready for use.
  • mounted on the wall very quickly.
  • not require drying, so plastering can be carried out immediately after installation.
  • preferred metal beacons used in the course of work on small planes.
  • mounted by dowels.
  • sell such beacons at any store building materials.
The most common is a metal lighthouse , which is a flat profile , which is also called the lighthouse rail

The most common is a metal lighthouse, which is a flat profile, which is also called the lighthouse rail

However beacons of metal profiles have a number of serious drawbacks:

  • In the process of manufacturing or transporting a large number of Lighthouse slats subjected to deformation and warping.
  • When plastering a large area is very difficult to achieve a smooth surface, because after the solidification of the solution the upper edge of the lighthouse can remain above it.To hide this defect need to grind off the protruding part or to apply another layer of plaster.
  • When aligning walls are plaster beacons have to clean up after work, and formed irregularities patch separately.This must be done for the reason that the metal reacts with the plaster and can allocate rust.
  • metal profile has not a high strength, so the necessary structural reinforcement promazyvat solution throughout its length, which may fall off after drying.

Another type of beacons are made of pipes.Beacons made of metal tube, have a greater strength, which allows not to reinforce it with the entire length of the solution.This feature makes it possible to start finishing the day beacons installed.As the solution fills the entire space under the fully beacons tie becomes stronger and not falling apart in the process of solidification.As such beacons can be used not only round tube, but rectangular or square profiles.It is even more preferable, since such products more reliable and smooth.From them, you can remove the tie on the next day.The disadvantage of such beacons is considered the possibility of bending in the extraction process.

most simple beacons are made of a mixture of plaster or cement.When used, there is no need to purchase additional materials.They allow to achieve not only a flat surface at a small, but a large area.The disadvantage of cement lying lighthouses that expose them rather difficult to an inexperienced person.

How to mount beacons plaster

not only the beacons may be different, but even the ways of fixing.Metal profiles are installed in two ways.The first method involves fixation with dowels beacons and the second with the solution.To mount beacons using dowels will need screws and dowels.To align the rope level, punch holes for drilling.Well, the required number of strips themselves Lighthouse.

Fixing metal beacons with dowels

Fixing metal beacons with dowels

process of installing metal beacons carried out as follows:

applied at the beginning of the vertical layout, having the form of lines, which are held at a distance of 80 - 100 cm from each other.This is the first line should be located at a distance of about 20 cm from the edge of the wall.In order to make it straight, you need to use a plumb and level building.

These extreme lines several holes are drilled at a distance of 30 cm between them to a depth of 8 mm.In these holes pierce dowels coinciding with them on the diameter.You can use an obsolete method, involving hammering in Chopik holes.Then screwed screws, but not completely, which will later carry out the level adjustment.Surfaces caps screws are aligned and put them majachnye fixing, which are fixed beacons themselves.

Securing exactly two vertical profiles at the edges of the walls, it is necessary to pull the rope between them, which will show all exposed areas.With the help of self-tapping screws can easily adjust the thickness of the plaster layer.Then, in a similar way to set the remaining lighthouses and governed by self-tapping screws.Once all the beacons are installed, you can decorate the wall with plaster.This method is remarkable in that it makes it easy to adjust the thickness of the plaster.

To fix the metal lighthouses solution will need sand, cement, plaster, lath lighthouse and building level.For application markup, you can use a rule or a suitable size flat rail.With these tools, is easy to check the curvature of the walls.Then you need to mix a very thick cement-sand mortar and add the plaster to reduce the setting time.This mixture is applied in small portions over the length of marking lines.On her stick beacons.Fixing beacons carried out after checking the building level or plumb.For final locking after full alignment layer using another solution.Median lines are filled in the same manner.Theoretically, this process is not complicated, but practically execute it quite problematic without the availability of skills.

To install cement beacons, it is necessary to adhere to the following procedure:

from the ceiling and the walls recede 30 cm and drive a nail into this point, which is a hat from the wall surface at a distance comparable to the thickness of the plaster layer.In a nail tied plummet and descends to the level of 10 cm from the floor.The second hammer a nail in about 20 cm from the floor at the site of cord location.Similarly

come to the lighthouse on the other side of the wall.When all four of the nail will be hammered, it is necessary to pull the rope between the top and between the lower, so that they do not touch the surface of the wall.If, however, there is common ground, nails have a little pull and install a new location by using plumb lines.The middle of the beacons are installed similarly.

Then you need to prepare a solution and put it right on the nail, so he hid the cap.After the start of solidification of the mixture, you need a knife to cut off the excess solution.When the beacons are ready, they need to put a rule, and the space under them to be filled with a solution.When will solidify the rule must be removed.The result is a smooth surface of the guide from a solution having the form of bands, which will be produced by plastering the walls.

Cement lighthouses form a flat surface of the solution guides having the form of bands , which will be produced by plastering the wall

Cement lighthouses form a flat surface of the solution guides having the form of bands, which will be produced by plastering the walls

Application plaster mixture

The next step is to apply a mixture of plaster on the wall.In the first place is determined by the thickness of the layer of plaster.If it is more than 10 - 15 mm, the entire process needs to be split into two stages.In the first approach must distribute the solution on the wall and smooth it so that the upper surface is not reached beacons plane approximately 5 - 10 mm.After drying the first layer of the solution, you can start the final finishing.On the wall throws solution in an amount slightly larger than necessary and level regulation, in beacons abutting plane.The tool is moved from the bottom-up, performing rocking motion from side to side.In no case can not be separated from the guiding rule in the process of this movement.Ideally, if the surface is smooth after the first pass.

In the first approach the solution need to distribute on its wall and leveled so that the upper surface is not reached beacons plane approximately 5 - 10 mm

During the first call you need to distribute on a wall a solution and level it so that the top surface is not reached before the plane lighthouses approximately 5 - 10 mm

Withdrawal corners between the ceiling / floor and the wall do only afterall the main surface grab, but it must remain still wet.For the estimation of angles using a special trowel.Removing beacons carried out after the complete drying of the wall.Remaining after these grooves are sealed with plaster solution level, moving on ready-made sections of the wall.If you intend in the future to stick on the wall tiles, the profile can be left in the wall.

Final work

As a result of the work we have enough flat surface of the wall.However, such a wall could come only for laying tile, and then it will need to be primed.If you plan to carry out work other cladding materials, it is necessary to make sanding the wall surface using putty.This will help align the walls to perfectly smooth state.At the beginning of using the starting filler layer which is applied by the manufacturer's instructions mixture.If the walls are painted or wallpaper are glued thin, it is necessary also the finish coat, which erased a special trowel grid, resulting in a perfectly smooth wall condition.

As a result of the work we have quite a smooth surface of the wall

As a result of the work we have quite a flat wall surface

If you choose to align the walls in your apartment or home, then the best option would be plastering beacons.To make this work you can own, if we take into account the recommendations that have been given above.