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Decoration Of Premises, Renovation Of Apartments

August 12, 2017 18:06

Soundproofing a ceiling with his hands

lack of room soundproofing in the modern panel house gives a lot of inconvenience residents.The audibility of what is happening next door sometimes casts doubt on its isolation from what is happening.Options to create comfortable living conditions a little: to move out in a private home or make zuvukoizolyatsiyu ceiling, walls and floor.Let's talk about how to perform the first point of the plan.

Content

Soundproofing a ceiling in the apartment.The cost of work in firms contractors

easiest cause of professional builders, installers and order fulfillment sound insulation.Pay for the work and enjoy the peace and comfort.

How much will cost the owner of the work depends on the material and the method of insulation installation:

  1. The use of perforated gypsum boards or zeolite costs an average of $ 7 to $ 40 per m2.
  2. The use of mineral wool costs an average of 15.5 $ -. $ 30 for 1 m
  3. use of thermal insulation of the nonwoven material for false ceiling costs an average of $ 50 to $ 240.
  4. Setting firm acoustic ceiling from $ 180 to $ 300 per meter.

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Work on the improvement of the ceiling is not complicated, a large portion of the amount deducted for the material, but 30-40% of the price the customer is exposed to the compensation of employees.

not be difficult to fulfill all the apartments for soundproofing work themselves to the economic and human artisan.

Types of insulation

essence of sound insulation - Create occlusive barrier to reaching the source of the sound waves weaken or completely neutralize them.The thickness of the barrier material and specifications for capturing will affect the efficiency of sound absorption.Specialists provide noise reduction of more than 40% with the use of modern silencers.

Insulation materials produced by modern manufacturers are divided into the following groups:

  • organic insulators.It styrofoam, OSB, ecowool.They are used for soundproofing outbuildings: garages, barns, sheds, temporary huts. Advantage: cost per 1 m2 1 $, constant availability, for ease of installation. disadvantage: easily flammable material.

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  • extruded foam. Advantages: Creates a high sound insulation, resistance to chemically aggressive media are not subject to decay, good catches impact noise.Enrichment increases the refractory flame retardant properties.For effective noise reduction is enough plates with a thickness of 2-3 cm. The average price of $ 1.8 to $ 2.5 per 1 m2.

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  • Inorganic insulators.Available with the addition of components that enhance the protective properties of the material to fire, moisture, rot.It is a well-known products of glass wool and stone wool. Advantages: durability, environmental friendliness, low cost, the average price for 1 m3 of $ 1.2 - $ 30, a large temperature range from - 600 to + 4000, which is significantly above the prescribed norms of indicators for the dwelling.This quality allows the use of an inorganic insulation for industrial buildings, hot shops, bakeries, culinary workshops.Mineral insulators inert to aggressive substances and environments.

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  • Butyl self-adhesive tape. Advantages: environmental friendliness, high sound-proof characteristics, elasticity, high water repellent characteristics, long service life.

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The choice of material is made independently, based on the budget for the health characteristics of the material and its safety.

preparatory work.General description of the process of laying the attachment layer on the guide profiles

consider soundproofing the ceiling in the house on a single-layer structure.

Proceed to prepare the roof surface:

  1. Remove old wallpaper, wash floors to the ground the old whitewash, putty knife with a sharp edge, remove the filler.
  2. Check clutch putty strength from the ceiling base by lightly tapping on the old layer.Sprinkle terminations remove.
  3. cause cracks, crevices, recesses are masked by special sealant, rather than starting with alabaster or putty.Sealant further isolates the vibration and noise effects.
  4. Measure angles and check the ceiling area and evenness.For these purposes, the most reliable tool will make the water level.It is filled with water up to the mark.Leans to one corner, there is an indicator followed a similar procedure is done in the second corner.The difference of indications marked on the wall.Checking every corner, affixed labels.

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Measurements:

Gaugeable length and width of the ceiling.Calculating the length of the T-shaped profiles wide and narrow strips.The important point for the construction of false ceiling structure.Insulating materials have their own size, take into account that have when buying.First calculated number of panels or elements for suspended ceiling according to the general area, and then calculates the amount of insulating material.As a finishing material is determined by the dimensions of the placement method: along or across the room.

selecting the material, prepare tools and connection elements on the general list:

  1. screws, hangers, screws.
  2. Guide rails - after a certain number of metering.
  3. drug adhesive.
  4. drill, hammer drill, hand drill, screwdriver.
  5. hammer, pliers, metal shears.
  6. hacksaw, knife, rail, plane.
  7. ladders, construction goats.
  8. selected shumoizolyator.Volume, or the amount of yardage after certain measurements.
  9. Finishing material.The amount is determined by the following measurements.
  10. leveler, level, tape measure, pencil or colored lace.
  11. spatula to seal joints, screws, brackets.
  12. brush or roller for priming.
  13. mixture for shpatlevanija.
  14. capacity for the preparation of the wet mixture.
  15. Grout with sandpaper.

All of these tools can replace the improvised, available on the farm.

frame Installation:

  1. perform the installation guide profile.It is mounted on the perimeter of the ceiling to the bottom dowel or long self-tapping on the perimeter.
  2. anchorage rail is indented by the width of a sheet of drywall or other finishing material, Stamp.It marked the place for narrow profile, further reinforcing sheet.
  3. sounding procedure done to the opposite wall.Checking the reliability of mounting rails and profiles manually.The main thing - the right to fix the corners in accordance with verification of the ceiling level.
  4. installation profile is fastened to the profile with screws.The transverse slats are aligned and secured direct hangers or hangers "butterfly".

Stuffing sheets of drywall:

  1. mark out the length, the width of the sheet is cut off the excess part.
  2. sheet is applied to the chassis and is packed full of screwdriver and screws attached to the rails and profile.

Tip: cap attachment slightly utaplivajut into a sheet, hardware chosen from oxidized coating.printing process quick and easy.

Sealing sheets false ceiling:

  1. putty first layer is applied starting, rough mix.After drying grout is taken with sandpaper and smoothes roughness places.
  2. second grouting layer is applied finishing mortars.Dry layer of grout treated with sandpaper until smooth.

Ceiling Paint:

  1. Getting color, decide the false ceiling color.
  2. Choosing the right color scheme has a positive impact on the health of residents, decorates the interior, gives the appearance of volume and space in the room.
  3. dye choice is stopped on acrylics.They are designed without the addition of organic solvents, cheap at the price, have a wide range of colors, are easy to apply by roller or spray.

Video Tutorials to help visualize the execution of works, closely examine ambiguities:

Multilevel ceiling insulation

When layered sound insulation is not carried out work on the perfect alignment of the ceiling surface.Soundproofing will mask minor defects.The focus is on precise installation profile.

To prepare work tools:

  1. Reiki guides profiled strips.
  2. adhesive noise insulation material.Primer under foundation.
  3. drill, hand drill.
  4. screws, self-tapping screws.
  5. Workers building a staircase or goats.
  6. pliers.
  7. Shears for metal.
  8. Gloves.
  9. Safety glasses.
  10. tank solution.
  11. Suspensions.
  12. cushion with foam rubber, length 150-180 mm.

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process of doing work:

  1. washed off the old whitewash from the ceiling, clean off the paint.Dry the surface.Close up microcracks.
  2. is installed on the ceiling rails with anti-vibration system.
  3. Dilute adhesive according to the instructions.
  4. is cast in a container of the solution is applied by roller to the ceiling.Prepares the insulation material, cut a piece of the length of the ceiling.
  5. presses the insulator to the surface and immediately pinch his suspension.Distributes material with a margin of 1-2 cm on the wall.Screed material on the ceiling, make sure that no air bubbles remain between the ceiling and mineral wool.The edges of the next roll are brought to butt glued.
  6. nailed dowels or screws attach wide T-shaped profile, maintaining the distance between the strips equal to the width of the sheet finishing material.
  7. Attach narrow slats to support the sheet finishing.
  8. sit down drywall.Screwed to the profile rails screwdriver.
  9. joints are sealed with sealant.Puttied layer 2 sheets.Stained.

This insulation provides protection for 20-25% higher than one level.

How do yourself suspended ceiling

Soundproofing stretch ceiling is made by pulling a special fabric, woven material based on polyester profiles.Visually design a simple means mounted more easily than plasterboard.But every process has its own peculiarities and subtleties.

simple installation of stretch ceiling.Not tested on the surface of the pipe, communications room, strictly geometrical shape, without recesses or protrusions.What you need to prepare for work:

  1. Material: PVC film or fabric.
  2. Baguette profile.
  3. Centimeter, measuring tape.
  4. Pencil.
  5. Water level.
  6. Folding protractor.
  7. Hacksaw or tin snips.
  8. heater, heater.
  9. screwdriver.
  10. tapping screws or dowels.

simple installation of a stretch ceiling:

1. Water level is the bottom corner of the room, retreating 1-2 cm, make a mark.

2. Find the zero level on the perimeter walls, make a mark.

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3. performs metering sofa protractor angles for smooth joining of the profile.

4. Prepares hat rail.There are two options:

  • baguette length greater than the width of the room.The edge rail is cut at an angle equal to half of the corner of the room;
  • baguette length smaller than the width of the room.One end of the rack is cut in half the corner of the room, and the second zapilivaetsya 900 for precise fit to the second rail.Take the missing piece of baguette and is done with its ends, the same operation, with the bevel to the opposite corner.Part baguette stick together.

5. Baguette attach perimeter wall, verified in the level.Fastening screws or dowels are performing.

6. Turn on the heater and heats the room to a temperature of 40 degrees and above.Window shutters and doors in the room closed.Only after setting the required temperature insulation material on the unwinding PVX basis for false ceiling.Avoid close contact with a heater insulator.Heats the film to 600.

7. Getting stringing cloth.On the tape, the base angle is marked.Installation start with it, and then mount the corner diagonally.Similarly, attach the two remaining angle.Getting securing the sidewalls.Fabric material is also warming up, but the order of attachment used other: first of all fastened sidewall angles - in the second turn.

Video lesson to consolidate knowledge: