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Country Houses

August 12, 2017 18:05

How to organize a fire alarm in a private home - the rules and regulations

necessity of mounting OPS systems in any residential structure is evident.Especially since there are a sufficient number of regulations, according to which the installation of fire alarm systems - direct responsibility of the owners of certain objects (eg administrative purposes).What are the rules and regulations of fire alarm organizations exist for private houses - the theme of this article.

legislation does not provide a fire alarm arrangement in a single apartment.

reasonable question - but it is necessary to know the "private trader" rules and regulations in this area?He is his own man, and property - entirely his problem.However, the situation may be very different.For example, disputes over payment of insurance claims of owners of adjacent plots.In the course of the various proceedings between the inspector ECW / supervision and the owner of the residential buildings often there are conflicts.One of the reasons - the latter in the lack of legal literacy.

typical example - the interpretation of the Federal Law number 123. Violation of its provisions regarding the fire alarm involves fines, and in a fairly large scale.In some cases - a ban on the commissioning of a residential building.But there is one caveat - the law approved in 2008 (22 July), and entered into force only after 9 months.

Therefore, if a private house built before, it is not subject to this regulatory document.That's what the inspector is not always take into account.Knowingly or unknowingly, is another question, but such misunderstandings are not rare.

Conclusion - living in a private home, you need to know the basic provisions (in part related to the fire alarm) the following documents:





  • already mentioned Law number 123, in the first place, his art.83;
  • JV № 5.13130 ​​of 2009;
  • NPB number 106 of 1995.

Signaling scheme

Basic regulations

  • owner must provide free transportation of special / transport.The minimum width of the road (with sidewalks, curbs) - 6 m.
  • route to entrance ECW / machine must not be obstructed by foreign objects, debris.
  • dwellings equidistance from each other are determined depending on the class of combustibility of materials and their characteristics.For example, brick houses (in the absence of adjacent walls of door and window openings) - 6 m, not less.In other cases it may be longer.At 5 degree of fire resistance (eg, houses of wood, bath.) - At least 15 m Refine accurate data in relation to specific buildings, located near a private house, it is possible for the corresponding table in the Federal Law №123.
  • Mounting OPS is carried out only on an agreed project with the supervisory authority, and the forces of the organization of experts, which is certified for this type of work.

Ideally, fire alarm components to be installed in all areas of the house.As practice shows, the efficiency of fire extinguishing is not in the least dependent on the timely detection of ignition.Here is an example of one of the sets of elementary OPS.

n -1

why such common and basic tools such as a fire extinguisher, boat hook and a shovel, a modern private house, in view of its interior decoration, is not enough (although they have to be - a complete fire board here).Sensors that react to heat and smoke (and connected to the means of alarm), at least in the cottage (house) should be mounted.

choice of a circuit fire alarm does not depend only on the size and number of floors at home, but also on the specifics of the project (location of windows and doors, passageways, and so on).

autonomous - fire

independently acquire a set of OPS is hardly appropriate - it is better to pay for professional design and installation of qualified personnel.It will cost about 300 - 350 rubles per m², "covered" train.Or at least be consulted.Those owners who take independent decisions, often make mistakes, choosing the wrong fire alarm system for your home.

himself is difficult to understand in a variety of GOST, SNIP, and other documents.Even experts sometimes have different interpretations of the same situation.Fire service different regions are developing on the basis of federal regulations their own, more detailed rules in relation to the local context.That with them to the owner of a private house should be consulted in the first place, to avoid the administrative responsibility.

A "sensitive" issues enough.For example, whether to burn his household garbage is allowed?Incidentally, this is illegal in many areas.And if so, what kind of rules you need to abide by when it?