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Floor

August 12, 2017 18:06

Choose a warm floor under the tile ?We will tell you which one is better !

most popular laying in the kitchen and in the bathroom is tiles.It is highly resistant to moisture and dirt, but has a major drawback - it is cold.The best solution to this problem will become warm floors under tiles.They will create coziness and comfort in the house.

There are three main types of underfloor heating: electric, water, and infrared.

Warm electric floor

There are two ways of laying electric warm floor: electric heating mats or the heating section.Under the tiles fit the first and second options.The advantages of heating mats can include easy installation and the ability to save space, to the downside - is that on the surface, where the heating system is installed, put the furniture is not recommended, and the installation of the system should be carried out in an open space.Heating sections are economical and can accumulate heat, but for those who have time to dry concrete screeds.

installation and assembling of the heating mats:

1.Neobhodimo think, where will be located the heating mats are not to put them in places where the furniture will stand.

Example of location of heating mats in the apartment

arrangement of heating mats in Example

2.Podgotavlivaetsya floor apartment: clean up the garbage, the floor is leveled, if necessary.

3. To save the heat insulating material and laid the foundation for tiling - cement.

4.Po elaborate scheme of laying the heating mats produced: this material must be twisted together into a roll and roll on the floor.Then connects to the network and set the thermostat.

Connect the floor heating to the thermostat

connection to the underfloor heating thermostat

5. After that, as the heating mat is laid, the wires are connected to the network, thus connected heating mat, thermostat, temperature sensor and a residual current device.Check the efficiency of the system.

Photo cable to the thermostat

Photo cable to the thermostat

6.C using tile adhesive (not more than 7 mm) fits tiles.

Example of laying tiles on floor heating

example of tile on the floor heating

Operation sex possible after the tile adhesive to dry completely (at least 20 days).

Mounting and installation of heating sections performed in the same way as the heating mats only in the cement-sand screed.

Radiant floor

This method is suitable for larger homes.For the apartments not advisable to use this type of heating - hydraulic resistance increases in the central heating system and hot water, which passes through the floor heating falls into the already cold system.

By this method of floor heating, there is uniform heating of indoor air.It can be used as the main heating system.Radiant flooring requires no maintenance.

installation and assembling of the water floor heating:

Mounting water underfloor heating takes place in the same sequence, as well as electric and requires pouring concrete screeds.

1.Vypolnyayutsya initial work on the preparation of the floor.

2.Proizvoditsya leveling floor screed.

3. When the concrete is dry, fit insulation, mainly used polystyrene.

4.Proizvoditsya pipeline installation, there are several ways: in a spiral, spiraling off-center, parallel (snake) and meander (double snake).When choosing a method, it is necessary to take into account the heat loss and the dimensions of the room.pipe length should be no more than 100 m. You connect the pipe to the mixing site.Held by operation systems.

Laying of water heating pipes method called snail

laying water pipes heating method called snail

5.Zalivaetsya screed, then levels off at a pre-exposed labels.Ties must be poured at room temperature.

6. When the concrete is dry, laid tile.

Infrared film floor

heating occurs by means of infrared radiation, which has a beneficial effect on the human body, because the human radiation is in the same wavelength range.Indoor air is fresh and clean.

distinguished film underfloor heating different parameters and dimensions of paintings.If you need to warm a large space, it is better to use a web width of 1 m.

Infrared film floor takes the whole floor area (about 75%), as covered only in those places where there is furniture.Therefore, you need to pre-calculate the area of ​​the substrate.

The main advantage of this method of floor heating is the ability to heat up quickly, as well as its small thickness.

Mounting infrared film floor does not require much effort, if not violate the basic rules:

  • - electrical circuits;
  • - correctly calculate the area of ​​the premises;
  • - use material intended for the device warm floor;
  • - apply technology laying of steam and heat insulation;
  • - when pouring screed use solutions designed only underfloor heating;
  • - as finishing coat to use materials with good thermal conductivity.

teploplenki not install sub-zero temperatures, and warm carpet flooring natural woven carpets.

installation and assembling of the infrared film floor:

1.Podgotavlivaetsya surface - must be clean and dry.Produced under the marking tape, primer, fit foil substrate foil strips up.The length of the strips should coincide with the length of the room, and can be cut only in those areas where no graphite layer.

Film warm floor with their hands

Film warm floor with their hands

2.Razmeschaetsya vapor barrier film, the edges of the material are cut off and isolated.

3.Pomeschaetsya temperature sensor under the film and secured with tape.

Fixing temperature sensor

temperature sensor Fixing

4.Kabel placed underneath the tile floor film fixed with adhesive tape to the substrate \

5.Installation thermostat -. Placed permanently near the wiring.

6.Ukladyvaetsya wiring connection to the network in parallel.To properly connect the necessary cables to use two colors.

7.Termoregulyator connects to the network (check the whole system).The next time you turn on infrared film can be once completely dry screed.

8.Ukladyvaetsya buckle under the tile.There are two options: "wet" tie and "dry".The first option is suitable for large irregularities.This tie is not afraid of moisture.It is used with a reinforcing metal mesh assembly.The mesh is attached to the sub-floor anchors.The solution should be used to fill the underfloor heating.In contrast to the "wet" ties, "dry" can not be cracked.But with humidity may swell, so the bathroom or another is not recommended to use a damp room.Using this option, leveled subfloor, then stacked sheets gipsovolokonnyh sheet.

9.Nanositsya tile adhesive.

10.Ukladyvaetsya tiles.When using the "dry" screeds tiles laid in a day.

After drying screeds (20-30 days) can be operated heated floor.

Which is better?

Choosing a floor heating system, must take into account the technical characteristics and cost, as well as conditions in which will be installed and operated heating system.

The main advantages of electric floor are warm even heat distribution, durability and versatility.It is easy to install and use, installation costs will be lower than the water floor heating, but more expensive to operate.Installation of water underfloor heating will take a bit more of a hassle than electric, but less than the costs of the operation.The downside is the increase of the water floor floor thickness.

Video - installation of floor heating under the tiles