Build Daily

Engineering Systems

August 12, 2017 18:07

Plastering of furnaces - update all their own hands

How to plaster the stove, or what kind of animal?

The first thing to understand: what is the oven?As a general rule, speaking of that, we present a "Russian stove" rather cumbersome assembly, in which the fire is burning.In everyday life it is used for cooking, baking bread, heating, etc.This belief is not without realism, sometimes alter filling only in the modern world (gas or electricity is used instead of wood or coal), but, in fact, the oven - is a device that contains within itself elevated temperature.

High-grade oven is host to 100 years or more.Life depends on the strict implementation of the manufacturer's instructions and conditions.It requires timely cleaning, whitewash, its heat thoroughly, even in summer.If the oven is located on the plot, do not let it dampen (heat their winter).

In the old furnace was especially proud.In wealthy homes it was decorated with special ceramic tiles.Today is also a possible option, but it is expensive.Stoned oven can only be special ceramics in the process of laying.Special refractory ceramics pushed onto the steel pins and fixed in masonry.The most affordable way is plastering household stoves.If you wish, you can decorate the stove painted.

In this article, we will pay special attention to the situation when done plaster ovens with their own hands.It is simple and accessible to all.The proverb "Patience and a little effort" very clearly describes all further action.

Preparing for work or where to start plastering furnaces?

natural will prepare surface , for this it is necessary to remove all the clay and clear the joints of masonry (clay selected from the seams to a depth of at least 1 cm.).On the surface must be scrupulously clean to put frame for this carefully tightened wire mesh oven , cells having from 5 to 20 mm.This grid will need to strengthen the nails length of at least 10 cm (nails hammered into the joints), the grid should lie firmly, but not tightly.

Proper cooking solution already solve half the problem.It is necessary to take the sifted clay, mixed with sifted sand in a ratio of 1 to 2. Turn the mixture into a clay dough, you can try to use this mechanical mixing methods.Following there is added 0.1 parts of asbestos number 6-7.All mix well again.The resulting mixture is added to 1 part cement, and again mix until a uniform composition.If turned too thick mixture - you can add water.Use makeup needed immediately, the only way to ensure the reliability of the final coating and predictability plaster.

course, do not forget about the tools.They need a bit: trowel, hammer and kneading tank.

Plaster furnaces with their hands - the main stage

prep work done, but the question is how to plaster the stove was left open, but it's time to find all the answers.At the beginning of the oven must be dried after laying.For plastering it is necessary to heat, so goes the natural burning, and automatically place the maximum change due to shrinkage of the clay solution which we disturbed when cleaning.

moistened with water furnace wall and start to work.Solution for plastering is applied in several layers (at least two), on a warm surface.The result should be a layer no thicker than 1.5 cm. The first layer is usually a liquid (not more than 0.5 cm).The second layer is called the ground, it then carefully leveled and overwritten.Drying the solution at rest, that is in the process of work the oven is not necessary to heat a little.

almost always dries, the surface cracks, do not worry. Plaster furnaces with their hands - troublesome.Cracks need to be expanded again to moisten with water and re-plastered.You may have to make several similar operations, but as a result you get a strong, durable finish.

After drying oven awaits you the most pleasant work - painting, if you will, of course, did not want to leave it just white.You can prepare a paint of lime mortar, using color.To this end, fresh lime diluted in milk before the paint thickness, then strain and add some salt (100 grams of salt in a bucket of solution).Following the dye is added and mixed.Having prepared solutions of different colors, you can impress your friends a variety of colors and pattern.