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Street Lighting

August 12, 2017 18:07

How to make the street lighting in the country - 5 Steps to Success

Installation of street lighting in the country is a complex labor-intensive activities, which under the force of even a novice electrician.

main stages of installation:

  1. Workplace Preparation
  2. certain way of wiring
  3. Choosing street lamps
  4. cable calculation and other elements of the wiring
  5. Creating a schema
  6. Installation lampposts
  7. Connection light sources
  8. Installationautomation
Transparent video guide
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First, consider the main types of fixtures, support structures and methods of wiring, and then to give you a detailed instruction on how to make the street lighting in the country with their own hands.

Contents:
  • important to know
  • What is coverage?
  • What are the lights?
  • Methods laying
  • cable Types of towers
  • Electrical work
  • Step 1 - Preparation
  • Step 2 - Calculation of wiring elements
  • Step 3 - Create
  • scheme Step 4 - Installing
  • poles Step 5 - lamps Connection
  • Do you need equipment?

important to know

What is coverage?

Today, the street lighting can fulfill a decorative and technical functions.

Decorative illumination of the territory

Decorative lights territory

In the first case, the light sources are set around the garden, decorating a variety of small architectural forms, ponds and flower gardens in the country.These street lamps can emit various flood light colors of the rainbow.

Technical lighting in the territory responsible for the security.Lamps of this group are set along the garden paths, at the entrance to the house, the yard.Also, they can illuminate the facades of buildings and fencing, as shown in the photo.

The technical (functional ) area lights

technical (functional) lights territory

What are the lights?

lamp in the modern world are not counted. for street lighting in the country most of the following products are used:

  • lights on poles;
  • wall lights;
  • hanging lamps;
  • spotlights;
  • LED strip;
  • fixtures on short legs.

Which option to choose, you decide.The main thing is that it is effective and at the same time save energy.Immediately recommend that you review the instructions for assembling a homemade LED spotlight for garden:

Spotlight Outdoor LED
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methods

laying the cable from the main switchboard in the yard should go several groups of wires.One - in a holiday home, second - for street lighting infield, and the rest - for the power supply of garden buildings (garages, hozbloka, baths).From shield to lighting equipment cable can be laid in two ways: by air and underground.

first option is more preferable, becausein this case, landscaping garden will not be spoiled by cables running on the lawn and along the garden paths.In addition, this method of laying is safer becausewiring is protected from mechanical damage.electrical wiring underground

Air method is used where it would be more expedient: under the roof of the house, between the tall pillars, etc.Its drawback - the tendency to damage, as well as a shorter life.At the same time, overhead wiring in the country less labor-intensive and much cheaper.

Aerial wiring

Forms supports

Since most of the street lamps are installed on poles, the data on structures should talk too.To date, there are reinforced concrete, wood, metal and even plastic lampposts.The material of manufacture is dependent on the application and the type of lamp.

addition, it should be noted that the street lighting poles can be represented by vertical poles, wall brackets and even tension cable.Here, again, it all depends on where and how to set the lantern in the country.The only thing that I would like to recommend: choose support with quality fixtures and place wire sealed gaskets.These products significantly enhance the service life of the lighting in the garden.

Electrical work

So basic information sorted out, now we look at the technology street lighting installation with their own hands.Instructions will be provided with the place as wiring in the house is done, which means that the counter and vending machines will have to stand.

Step 1 - Preparation

first step is to prepare the site for installation of supports.To do this, place the gasket wire removed from garden waste, prepared all the necessary tools and materials are purchased.

All we need from tools and materials, is:

  • brace;
  • bayonet spade;
  • trowel;
  • capacity for stirring the solution;
  • sand;
  • cement;
  • clean water;
  • plywood and pieces of wood for planking.

All the materials needed in order to dig a trench and pour the foundation.

Step 2 - Calculation of wiring elements

Now you need to make a payment of street lighting in the country - to determine the exact number and capacity of all lamps, length / cable cross-section, and the power circuit breakers and RCD.

learn how to calculate the cable section we talked about.About the power calculation, we also talked in detail in the article: the installation of lighting in the apartment.


As for the kinds of street lamps, it is recommended to give preference to the following products:
  • lights garden paths - Solar lights;
  • porch - lights on brackets mounted to the front side of buildings;
  • fence - the light from the lanterns on poles;
  • garden - Decorative lanterns on the legs and in the form of garden figures.

Step 3 - Create

scheme After determining the amount and type of light fixtures need to make a circuit of street lighting at their summer cottage.To do this it is best to use a garden plan, which contains the area of ​​the yard, all the garden construction and communications.All you need - plan photocopied and put on a copy of your scheme.

requirements and recommendations for the design of outdoor lighting scheme in the country:

  • underground cabling must be carried out at a depth of 0.7 meters.And the distance between buildings must be 0.6 m;by pipeline - 0.5 m;extending from parallel cables - no less than 0.3 m (preferably 0.5 m).
  • Aerial cabling must be carried out at a height of 6 m from the road and 3 m of garden paths.
  • light from the street lamps do not have to "beat" in the window and enter the territory of its neighbors (all of a sudden they will be against).
  • lighting radii should not overlap with several lamps, it is better to postpone them slightly apart, nothing to not pay money for electricity.
  • best to use LED lights, they are more durable and not too heavily exposed to environmental damage.In addition, they have a high efficiency and light output.
  • All light switches must be connected and protected from rain.If that does not work, protect the product in the plastic tank outside.
  • Try to use copper wires, they are not as susceptible to mechanical damage.
  • sure to make grounding of all lighting fixtures.

Step 4 - Installation of supports

First you need to install street lighting poles.If they are presented wall structures - zasverlivaete wall anchor holes and attach support.

Please note that the installation of support necessary to carry out, using the building level.Any misalignment can adversely affect the performance and durability of the illumination area.

Installing the ground support for mounting vertical pillars necessary to pour the foundation for lights.For this sees well (via brace) on the bottom and pour carefully compacted sand.Next set wooden formwork, which is placed inside the plastic pipe (it will leave a hole in order to carry out an underground cable to the lamp through the foundation).The ends of the tube are sealed, so that the solution did not get inside.The formwork is filled with concrete solution, and until he stood at the center of the vertically mounted anchor for fixing post.When the cement to fully grasp, you can move on to the installation of supports and installation of street lighting luminaires.

Step 5 - Connecting

fixtures approaching the final part of the need to install lights on poles, connect them to the electrical wiring, as well as connect the light switches where necessary.It is best to connect the wires using the terminal, which must be insulated shrink tubing or other waterproofing product.When all the lights will be installed in its place, carried out test all connections, scratch resistance, and with the phase switch power.The idea is that everyone should have, and by the evening you can enjoy your work.As you can see, to make street lights in the country with their own hands and it is really not very difficult.

Do you need equipment?

Automatic control of street lighting is increasingly used in suburban areas.This is not only convenient, but also saves a lot of electricity.In manual operation, usually in the evening, you turn on the light in the street, and when you wake up - turn off.At the same time the whole night lights are only used to deter enemies from giving.

Today, popular motion sensors and automatic light barrier - light sensors.These devices allow the implementation of light include motion within range of the sensor, as well as upon the occurrence of night time.In simple words, if no one will go into the yard, the sensor does not work.When motion is detected light over the entire area turns.So you can control security on site and at the same time save electricity.The light sensor turns on when it's dark.Again, it is very convenient, because if you leave a private house, the light is automatically switched on and off.

That's all that I wanted to tell you about the installation of street lighting in the country with their own hands.We hope that this information has been useful for you and the new.

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