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Heater Overview

August 12, 2017 18:07

Choosing the best electric convector

We recently saw an article: the most economical electric heating for the house, which is the embodiment of heaters have devoted considerable time.Now I would like to talk about how to choose an electric convector for the cottages, houses and apartments.Will act as follows: - look at the variety of products and after each parameter to give their own recommendations!

Contents:
  • main criteria
  • Power
  • installation method
  • type of heating element
  • Features
  • temperature controller type
  • Protective functions
  • Additional features
  • Summing up

main criteria

Varieties of devices

Selecting electric convector performed on the following parameters:

  • power;
  • installation method;
  • type of heating element;
  • design features;
  • temperature controller type;
  • protective function;
  • additional features.

can immediately view the video instructions for the correct choice:

How to choose a good electric convector?
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So, consider the features of the selection of each of the parameters.

Power

Like any other type of electric heaters, products vary in power.The higher this parameter (measured in kW), the product will be able to heat the room.Today Home conditions recommended equipment from 0.3 to 3 kW.

to choose the right electric convector power, it is necessary to calculate this parameter individually.As a general rule, at 10 square meters of space consumed unheated 1 kW.If in the house (or apartment) there is heating (gas or water), then heating 10 sq.m.0.5 kW will be enough.

We recommend that you select a heater with a power margin (10-20%), in addition to present this value adjustment function.In this case, it will be possible to exhibit a certain intensity of the work, saving electricity costs.

installation method

There are 3 main ways to install heaters:

  • wall (hanging on brackets that are included);
  • floor (legs on wheels);
  • underfloor (body hidden inside the floor, visible only decorative lattice);
  • universal (design includes detachable legs and mounting brackets under).

advantage of the first option is that the wire will not get in the way, and the body to hold space.All that is needed - to hang on the wall casing and connected to the network.Such electric convector best choice for apartments, which, as you know, and so little space.Wall unit

Floor option makes the mobile unit that allows you to roll it with room to room.The disadvantage is that a portion of the free space of the room in this case will be occupied.outdoor unit
Underfloor device is an original solution for stationary heating, if you want to hide all the heaters to mind, we recommend choosing this option execution.It occurs very rarely, but it does not lose its competitors in efficiency.underfloor electric heater

Universal version has proved best.This is due to the fact that, if necessary, change the location of the device, it can be done without any problems.

If you have decided to make a permanent heating system, we recommend you stop your choice on the wall and underfloor electric convectors.For holiday homes and apartments with central heating floor is better to choose an option.

type of heating element

structure may be represented by one of the three main types of heating elements:

  1. Needle
  2. tubular
  3. Monolithic

first option is the cheapest and simplest.Use is not recommended, becauseHeater construction (a nickel plate with thread) is very fragile.These products are very easily damaged, so do not justify their cost.Needle heating element

Tubular heaters are more reliable and also do not have too higher cost compared with needle.Their only drawback - noise at the beginning, becauseby heating the tube a little crackle.The tubular heating element

The last option is the most effective and durable, but, as you know, has a very high cost.Monolithic heating element

If you decide to make a stationary heating in the house or just can allocate a sufficient amount of money, we suggest you choose an electric convector heater with a monolith.If this is not possible, or you decide to connect the electric heating in the wooden house in the country - give preference to the tubular article.

Features

Diversity of products

Among the main design features of the release:

  • shape (rectangular, round, square);
  • height (varies between 50 cm);
  • shell thickness.

As to the form, it does not affect the heating efficiency.The only factor that defines the appearance of a product - the interior rooms.Altitude affects the speed of the hot air into the room.Average value - 50 cm is considered to be the most efficient for heating.The thickness directly affects the electric heat convector.The thicker the body, the higher the heat output and hence more efficient operation of the device.

All parameters in this case, it is easy to pick up on their financial capabilities and taste preferences.Classics are rectangular electric heaters white, which most often opt buyers.

temperature controller type

Temperature controllers needed to control the operation of the convection heater.With the help of these devices can be installed in the room a certain temperature (eg, 21 oC), which will be held during the whole operating time.If the room will be warmer - controller disconnects the heater when colder - include.The principle of operation of the device

Today, there are two types of thermostats: mechanical and electronic.

Mechanical and electronic thermostat

Mechanical cheaper and have a very simple structure - step switch.Their disadvantage - a short life span and temperature error within 1-3oC.The advantage of such devices is that they do not fail during surges.

Electronic thermostats are more functional.With their help it is possible to establish not only a certain temperature in the house, but also the time / day on and off the heating.These functions allow you to save energy, because when nobody in the house will not be, it makes no sense to spend money on heating (for example, when you decide to go to the cottage or on vacation).It should also be noted that the error is only 0,1oC, which is an advantage of devices.Disadvantages - high cost and failure when voltage drops.

to testify recommend choosing an electric convector with mechanical temperature control, not to spend money on those functions that will be used very rarely.In addition, in the suburban towns problems with transients is quite normal phenomenon.it makes sense to buy the electronic version, the benefits of which speak for themselves for apartments and houses.

Protective functions

convector, as well as any other device that runs from the power supply itself is unsafe.The main two reasons why high-risk - and the self-ignition device failure in contact with water.

To protect themselves from the first issue, we advise you to choose electric heaters with overheat protection.This function turns off the power when the temperature of the heater reaches its maximum specified value.Protection against water (actually, like dust) can be determined by a special index IP - the higher it is, the better protected housing.The minimum value must be IP 24, it was possible to use in the bathroom or other room with high humidity (for example, on the balcony).

also recommend that you pay attention to the degree of protection against electric shock.This parameter should not be less than "2", which means no need for additional grounding of the housing.

Additional features

Well, the last thing I would like to talk - auxiliary functions, making the convection heater is more efficient and convenient to use.

first function concerns floor units and has a direct impact on the safety of their use.Very often the cause of the fire is a rollover on the floor convector to further his work.In order to prevent the ignition of anything, it is advisable to carry out selection of electric convector with automatic shut-off sensor from tip-over.In this case, when the heater takes a horizontal position, the power on it immediately shuts down.

function «Restart» relates to electronic thermostats.This feature allows the device to remember your settings - on time, temperature, etc.In most models, the settings get off at an unauthorized trip, and in this case, all your settings will be saved.

Function "Frost» allows you to warm up the room in which the electric heater in the event that the mark will fall below 5 ° C.The most common device used with such a function in the garage, on the balcony and in the suburban areas, where owners appear very rarely.

«Ionizer» , so-called latest innovation in modern models.This feature makes the heating beneficial to health, assimultaneously with the heating of air occurs prevention of certain diseases.By the way, ionization occurs, even if the appliance is switched off.

Summing up

So you have read all the criteria for the selection of electrical convectors.Now I would like to sum up the results and determine the most appropriate options.

For private homes , which has no central heating, it is best to choose a system of heaters wall type.For each room counting the required number of units (based on capacity) and proceed to the installation.

If in a private house has happened to connect boiler and radiators, but the heat is still not enough, then buy one or more types of flooring.

To give you can buy a universal convector heaters with tubular heating elements.

for apartments best use of floor unit, sincecentral heating water present in every type of dwelling.

That's all the information on how to choose the right electric convector for houses, cottages and apartments.We hope that the material was useful and interesting for you!
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