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Building Materials

August 12, 2017 18:08

brick size .What you need to know , not to be mistaken with the choice

Brick - general concepts.

Brick is the most popular building material since ancient times.Its production does not require much effort and cost, and ease of use allows stacking bricks in all conditions.

often produce their own brick - the technology is quite simple:

  • shaping clay.Laying into briquettes.
  • Drying in the chamber.Dryers come in chamber or tunnel.
  • Firing.
  • setting process.

To make masonry strength, necessarily performed ligation sutures.

itself ligation can be:

  • Chain-row (alternating stretcher and the binder side).
  • multiple-row ligation.Maybe 3-row and 5-row.In the first case, every third row bonder, in the second - one in five.

250h120h60 standard size bricks.In view of the module thickening 250h120h88.The wall thickness is determined by the number of bricks in the masonry.The standard thickness of the walls in two thicknesses: 510 mm, 2.5 - 640 mm 3 - 770.

According to modern requirements of a single-layer heat shielding bricklaying not apply.It is necessary to avoid frost and condensation on the inner surface of the wall.

Before installing the material, you need to know from which layers is a brick wall:

  • Interior finish (stucco) - 20 millimeters.
  • bearing walls - internal verst.
  • Vapour barrier / insulation.
  • Efficient insulation (thickness determined by special calculations).
  • verst outer - facing layer of masonry.
  • Anchor - is attached to the inside of the outer mile.

brick size depends on the thickness of the material

Single - has dimensions 250h120h65.This ratio is ideal for alternating up and down relative to the axis.

single bricks

Bastard. Dimensions 250h120h88 brick.It may be a conventional, porous, solid

Bastard brick

double. Rare complete.Made perforated, is widely used in lightweight screeds.

Double brick

In the manufacture of deflection allowed fairly broad:

  • Dimensions can have variations in length -5mm, thickness 3mm, 4mm wide.
  • permitted to avoid bias, but no more than 1 ppm.
  • allowed cracks not more than 30 mm in length.

Types

bricks widespread ceramite white and red.Each of them is made by a certain technological processes.excellent physical characteristics are obtained due to different starting materials.What are they made?

red brick is made on the basis of clay.White - silicate.

Red brick

The first of these is obtained by firing in the kiln molded clay.Since time immemorial, used in the construction of foundations, furnace walls.

Unfortunately, marriage is common.It can be defined by the sound (when kick ringing sound), as well as the color of the edges (singed / black edges).From these bricks do not expect high strength.

Red divided by grades: 76, 100, 125, 150, 200, 250, 300. Each class stamp shows the compressive strength (withstand pressure kg / cm2 ceramite can reach 3.8 kg

in 1 cubic meter contains 490 bricks., total all of which around 1,700 kg.

White brick is made on the basis of silicate. His whole less than the red, as well as strength, respectively. Dimensions of silicate and red bricks are not dependent on the color.

decorative brick used for interior decoration. in.. the form of a material similar to the tile and on the mechanical properties it is closer to natural stone

With such choices of finish can realize the most original ideas

particular advantage of decorative ceramite are:

  • strength
  • Durability
  • ..
  • Fire.
  • Moisture resistance.
  • High thermal insulation.

Decorative ceramite not divisible by any subspecies.The main criterion for the selection of such a material is e steticheskie buyer preferences: pattern, texture, color.

choose the best option for the future building (or finishing) quite easily.The main thing to decide on the type of masonry and sizes.The process of stacking not pose any difficulty and it is quite possible to implement your own hands.

silicate brick