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August 12, 2017 18:06

We draw up a drip irrigation system for greenhouses

We draw up a drip irrigation system for greenhouses

drip irrigation system - irrigation is a special method in which portions of the irrigation water is applied directly to the plant roots through special droppers, dosing water.

Today this system is the most advanced and efficient in terms of water consumption, and in terms of life-giving water plants saturation.

This method is so successful, that allows you to grow plants in those areas where there is no possibility to irrigate with water regularly, and each liter of water is very important.

In addition, components for assembly of such a system can be found at your local store garden accessories.

Before analyzing the sequence of how to make the system of drip irrigation, we objectively and comprehensively analyze its benefits, it's parts, kinds of nuances in its product and begin to collect the system with their own hands in stages.

You'll also find a video on how to properly collect the irrigation system in their area.

Contents:

  • advantages of drip irrigation
  • composition drip irrigation system
  • Drip Feed: types and their differences
    • Type 1 - a maze
    • Type 2 - Slit
    • Type 3 - emitter
  • Wateringwith their hands: an example of manufacture + video
    • Connecting pipeline
    • Mounting drip tape

advantages of drip irrigation

plant drip irrigation system has a wide range of obvious advantages:

  • bountiful harvest, before the usual terms;
  • absence of weeds;
  • lack of soil erosion;
  • no plant diseases;
  • save up to 50% of water - no evaporation;
  • use of fertilizers is reduced by half;
  • water gets to the plants - they do not get burns in the sun;
  • the soil is dry, it will not crack - roots better ventilated;
  • uniform watering - automatic system will water the plants without your participation;
  • harvest and process plants can be, regardless of run time;
  • simple installation - Hardware is in every hardware store;
  • laid hose time and you can forget: no dirt, crippled plant;
  • greatly increased the gap by loosening up weeding;
  • plants are kept for longer;
  • wear pipes cut;
  • final big savings of money and time.

Drip irrigation

As you can see from the list above, watering system for greenhouses - profitable in all respects a method which, moreover, is very easy to create and use.

composition drip irrigation system

system includes the following components:

  1. drip line - can be either a tape, and tubing.The line is placed on a bed with plants already planted.It is a single - for one season, and also long-term - for a few seasons;
  2. drip tube - made of polyethylene, at a given step in them put a dropper.Zigzag channels are held in the supply water pressure;
  3. drip tape - also consist of polyethylene.The strips fold in the tube, after the thermally welded.Inside of the seam are holes that serve to water the plants.The tape is placed on top of the beds is strictly smoothly, drip with the need to look up.The tape ends with a plug;
  4. main pipe - the main pipe through which water is pumped.Fastened to the tap or the irrigation tank, while strictly at an angle to the gravity doing its job, giving water.The line lay along the irrigation beds and already from her breeders diverge pipe.The hose should be firmly placed on the ground, fixing brackets directly into the ground;
  5. breeders tube - we need to bring the tape and water for each individual plant in the irrigation area;
  6. filter for irrigation water - usually used fine filter, which cleans the water supplied from the tank of the small inclusions.If the irrigation water is being chlorinated, the filter is also important that the roots of the plants not saturated with chlorine and heavy salts;
  7. water abstraction for irrigation - in the role of the fence stands a crane that is mounted or after the filter, or in front of him.Crane - a simple but highly effective item for monitoring the volume of water supplied;
  8. unit for the use of fertilizers - in short and technically - fertigation unit.It is a special device that connects to the main pipe and uniformly supplying the water soluble minerals and special dressings, served as dosed as water.

Drip irrigation

Speaking of accessibility: accessories for watering sold prepackaged "unpacked, assembled," and individually - to gather under the features of the site.

Drip Feed: types and their differences

Drip tape irrigation system found in 9 out of 10 cases.It is used vigorously in all types of irrigation.

Total mass produced variety of tapes, which are combined in 3 types.

Type 1 - a maze

This type of channel is formed on the tape itself, its surface.It reduces the rate of water flow, reduces vodoraskhod, but there is a risk unwinding easily break the maze.

Besides putting up the tape release of water is difficult, uneven watering.This is an outdated version of watering, which is almost does not occur today.

drip feed

Type 2 - Slit

labyrinth channel is embedded in the very tape, in its entire length.In the right places culverts cut holes which are uniformly supplied with water and well tolerated in a plurality of cycles of coiling-uncoiling.

But to use such a tape always need a good filter that traps particles from 1 mm to 80 mm, which still need to search.

However, such a requirement in terms of particle size - no more than the recommended operating conditions.

drip feed

Type 3 - emitter

difference of this system from the other is flat droppers, built at a certain distance from each other inside of the belt.This tape is highly resistant to clogging, it is self-cleaning.

drip feed

should also be said about the thickness of the tape:

  • 5 mil - 0.125 mm is the thinnest, suitable for annual crops that ripen early;
  • 6 mil - 0.15 mm: suitable for normal soils used for plants with a long maturation period;
  • 8 mil - 0.2 mm universal tape, it can be used repeatedly;
  • 10 mil, 12 mil - 0.25 mm, 0.3 mm tape with a thick wall, we need to stony ground, it is also used for several seasons in a row;
  • 15 mil - 0.375 mm tape with the thickest wall, is used where there is often a mechanical impact (wind, landslide stones, insect attack).

Watering own hands: an example of manufacture + video

to build a drip irrigation system to save on your site, you need to tell her slow water supply.

as a source of moisture replenishment will fit tank barrel for a few tens of liters, which should be put above the ground at a height of 2 meters.

From this tank stretch sloped tube with a diameter of 1 cm.

next to each irrigated plant in tube making a hole, insert the nozzle through which the water in the roots will come into it.

Using the dispenser valve, an automatic system, it is possible to adjust the water supply.

Before immediate assembly, draw a plan:

  1. filter is placed in any convenient location, provided that it is located between the water source and the main pipe;
  2. the main pipe joins drip tape with the help of connectors;The dropping
  3. tape laid according seating plants;
  4. Close the end of the drip tape flap.

For the manufacture of its irrigation required:

  • watering kit;
  • conduit (preferably polyethylene);
  • drill;
  • scissors;
  • marker.

set of simple, besides better to take a ready-made kit and follow our instructions (see the video), you try to collect the watering of assorted accessories are sold separately.

Drip irrigation

especially should think about fitting, if your garden is not ranked.

follow a set of rules in order to buy the right amount of accessories:

  1. measured the length of the beds, distance between them - choose the length of the tape and the main pipeline;
  2. measured the number of plants in the area - the same need seals, taps and additional handsets;
  3. better to have a supply of fittings, parts, to be able to conduct on-site watering other plants.

now analyze the process in detail - in the video also shows all the stages.

Connecting pipeline

Using fitting, connect the main pipe with a hose.Put the filter.Backbone pipe connects the filter to the tank.

Further marking holes, installation of drip tape.Knowing the location of the plants, put a tape in accordance with their location.

This is done so:

  • marker to mark up the main pipe markers - there will fix later on tape;
  • drill holes with a drill on the markings;
  • seal should forcibly enter into the hole and firmly hold;
  • vdevaem seals in connectors with a tap (faucet should always be - it will be possible to include a separate whole-disable a bed, but not all at once the system);
  • fasten drip tape to the connectors.

Production of drip irrigation

Mounting drip tape

drippers should be placed on top of the tape.

now completing its installation:

  • hold the tape in a full-length beds;
  • cut the tape to length, turn, fasten with tape;
  • if the beds are located outside the ranks, the tape can be branched special fitting - cut the tape, insert a tee / corner and direct irrigation where necessary;
  • main pipe drowns in the end cap.

irrigation system is ready!

Video:

drip irrigation system with their own hands is easy to manufacture and requires a prepared plan with measurements and, of course, comply with sleeveless styling technology - those tapes with branches to the plants.

System Accessories can be purchased separately, but it is even easier - buy a ready-made system.

But if you decide to collect his own, then watch the video - in it we have summarized all of the above on the part of the build your own system.