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Engineering Systems

August 12, 2017 18:07

Corner fireplace with his hands - when the result depends on perseverance

Corner fireplace with his hands on the right foundation

Given the weight of the bricks, which will go to the portal fireplace, chimney and chimney, the total weight of the entire structure on the average may exceed 500 kilograms.There are fireplaces, which weigh a ton far, but it is not our case, because we are doing a small corner fireplace with his hands.Therefore, we take as a basis for a minimum of 400 kilograms.What do you think, whether will sustain a weight ceiling of the first floor?It can and will stand, if properly distribute the load on the joists, but to err is not superfluous, so let's start with the foundation for the fireplace.To do this, the walls in the corner of the note, where it will be fire and how deep it will be, then shoot at this location flooring and plumb transfer the marks on the floor.Lags in no hurry to cut, do it at the last moment, fixing them on the fire table.

When under the first floor there is a ground, or if you want to set the "home" on the second floor, the foundation will have to make a local, not connected with the ground.

Suppose cellar under the first floor we have.In this case, just below the spot where the fireplace is, Dolby basement floor, until we reach the basement, remove the soil to the depth of the foundation base of the house, resulting compacted bottom of the pit.Each side it should be 20 centimeters more than the estimated size of the fireplace portal.The foundation of the fireplace do well burnt bricks, fastening his ranks with a solution so that they were not related to the foundation of the house, in the period of not less than 50 millimeters fell asleep sand.Brick pedestal rises to the level of overlap of the first floor, without reaching him for a couple of rows, here applied a uniform layer of cement, which is placed in 2 roofing felt layer to protect the chimney from the basement moisture.If the overlap is kept on the joists, it is time to cut them, put on a brick base (just for this and we need the extra 20 centimeters).The next set of bricks should almost reach the ground floor.It always starts from here fireplaces masonry brick.Regarding

solution, its structure is extremely simple.However, if the foundation is laid of standard cement-sand mixture, in a ratio of 1: 3, the fire is spread only through a clay solution.For him, it is necessary to start work in two days to stir in water clay to a state of sour cream and mix thoroughly every day, the day of laying clay slurry fill the sand and try to roll the sausage, it should not stick to hands and fall, it will be a measure of readiness of the solution.Laying the first two rows of the fire, add the clay cement solution, 3 parts to 10 parts mixture.Bricks refractory use possible, be sure to moisten them before going to the series as being dry, they dehydrate the solution. Simple brick hold in water until bubbles stop rising air , but do not overdo.For laying pipe go back to the cement-sand mortar.During all work continuously measured evenness of masonry with the help of a plumb and square, every 5 rows wipe the inner surface with a wet cloth, removing sutures speaking of the solution.Internal plaster the stove is not done.

angular masonry fireplace must be flawless

So we finished the foundation, it is already visible through a hole cut through in the floor, which means it's time to lay the first row of the fireplace.Remember that the thickness of the seams between the bricks should not exceed 5 millimeters, and ideally should be limited to 3 millimeters, especially if refractory brick.And be prepared for the fact that have to constantly nag at brick necessary.Several bricks just divide in half, and even a few separate the corners, having thus, isosceles triangles with sides equal smaller face brick (the bricks chipped does not throw).Also, you may need quarters and three-quarter of the brick.The angle fasten bent at a 90-degree sheet metal up to the fireplace shelves, which will be a reflector of heat.To add a fireplace, you need poryadovkoy - detailed diagram of each row of masonry fireplace.Let us proceed.Please note, the first three rows of bricks are filled completely, the first of them brings to the foundation floor.

But let's not get distracted, masonry fireplace corner began.First row - 10 whole bricks, sawed with two corners, one corner and one half.The second row is a mirror image of the first.Please note, all of the chips that make up the facade, flat line should get.Third - 12 whole bricks and 2 halves.All fit tightly, without gaps, seams between the front rows do "vpustoshovku", that is not leading to a solution of the facial edge brick by 0.5 centimeters.The fourth number is the base of the ash, hearth, and consists of 13 whole bricks, sawed with three angles and two corners, and 4 bricks laid in a line on the facade, align the front of the fireplace.At number five we should be laying the ash, use 9 full bricks, with the cut-off corner 1, 3 and 7, over half.Also, we need another corner, sawn in half, into two smaller triangles, they formed the far wall of the ash.This number should be laid across the niche obtained 2 steel rod, not too close to the bricks making up the front.

spread the bottom of the fireplace next to the sixth bricks, for which we will need as much as 7, and 2 three-quarter and six blocks from the sawed angles (some may need additional quarters saw cut at the opposite end).You will still need to use three corners, one of which is sawing into 2 halves.There is one point that requires "surgical" intervention - a brick with the cut corner to the left side of the fireplace are likely to disrupt the line of holes for laying the grate.Sticking projection will need to be cut down, that will give us a small area, which may well be needed if the far corner fragment of the wall (left) does not want to take exactly designed for him.We put in the hole previously prepared grid (it will fall on the fortified between the rows of rods) and continue the construction of the fireplace.

seventh number is a salary fireplace (board, protects from spilling coal from the portal) for which you are using bricks 8 and 3 halves, along with which the interior of the furnace will form 6 corners.From 8 to 13 range of erecting walls of the fireplace, each layer of bricks, up to 12, differs from the previous only individual parts, and they are all pretty simple, so do not call for comment.In a series of 13 laid a steel band or a wide area with shelves for closing the portal.By the way, in this series, you will need 6 quarters in addition to full bricks cleaved with 4 corners and 4 angles.Without fear sawing bricks to fit the brickwork under the scheme.Sometimes you need a brick with a chipped corner shortened into quarters so that it is not knocked out of the masonry.

How to build a fireplace corner, so it is not smoked

firebox fireplace should be laid with great care, so that the coals have not had a chance to get on the floor.However, the most important part of the "hearth" - chimney, arranged for without properly exit the smoke will most simple way, that is through a portal into the room.Therefore, before you build a corner fireplace, a place for him to determine, taking into account the output of the chimney through all the floors of the building (or outside wall, if possible).But back to our bricks, and a little peek into the past.When we put a number 11, the rear wall a little closer to the front of the portal.This means that the beginning built up a "mirror" - a guide plane for the output of smoke.14 and 15 series significantly narrow the smoke box, specifying a certain direction, at the same time forms the overlap of the portal.For 14 need 8 whole bricks, 2 halves, quarters 1, 2 to 3 and cleaved angles gon.In the 15th row, we need as many as 9 bricks, 1 three-quarter, three brick with cut corners and angles 5.

16 series of masonry (bricks 8 full, 2 halves, quarters 1 and 4 with the cleaved angles, and 2 and a half polygon) determines the location of the tooth - the edge of the "mirror".Unlike the rest of the surface portal and chimney tooth necessarily daubed with clay, as a protection against burnout.From 17 to 19 layer thickens masonry facade, all the bricks are laid by the "Heil" (camera, providing traction), abate so as to create a smooth vertical arch.To do the right thing, read carefully the cut.At the 17th row of bricks it will need a lot, but it all depends on their dimensions.According to the scheme in the masonry 4 whole brick, 8 three-quarter, one complete with a chipped edge, and two of the same halved, as well as 3 square and 3 pieces of their halves, but in fact, three-quarters could take one less because of the greater width of the brick and the errors ofdrawing.At number 18 will take as much as 12 bricks, 1 three-quarter, 7 angles and the two halves of the polygon.The next layer 19 would require as many as 8 bricks, 6 three-quarters full and one with a cut-off angle, one brick at a cut-off angle and 5.5 angles.

From 20 to 25 is formed by a number of the chimney.In this series of 20 is much smaller than the previous one, it can be seen by the number of bricks: 10 whole, halves 3 and 6 corners.In other words, the regiment formed the fireplace.21 brick layer consists of only 7 of entire blocks, two bricks with cut corners (they need to cut it into two parts on the big plane), one half and 4 corners.22 to lay out a number, required as many as 8 bricks 3 complete with cut corners, and two similar but truncated by a quarter, as well as 2 and 4 entire corner of halves, which can be replaced by two square-shaped scraps.The resulting gap between the facing bricks the last two rows of paste prepared in advance and check valve, so she sat tight enough.Begin putting 23 series, with chimney opening takes the form of "dovetail", sawn material, this time will take quite a bit: 9 whole bricks, one with cut-off corner, 2 halves and 1 corner.In the final 24 and 25 layers of masonry are only whole bricks 11 each.The tube can be made of brick or tin with an extract, it is particularly important that the fireplace as a whole have already done.For the decoration of the facade is quite acceptable decorative mineral plaster.