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August 12, 2017 18:06

Water in a private home : a diagram , wiring and installation with your own hands

Water in a private house
  • scheme
  • Mounting own hands
  • Types of pipes depending on the material
    • Copper
    • Metal-
    • Steel
    • Polypropylene
  • diameter pipes
  • welding polypropylene pipes
  • Breedingrunning water in private homes
  • We carry water from the well
  • Draw water from wells
  • centralized water supply
  • Laying aqueduct
    • pumping station
    • accumulator
    • water purification and preparation
    • Installing the collector and boiler
  • Care and Repair

in any private house outside the city one of the priority work is to carry out plumbing.Such a thing can not be called easy, especially if the building is not new for a long time, but many work on the device under running water power to do even with their hands.


Mapping can be called a rather important matter, which is not desirable to ignore.When the decision is made about the presence of running water, it is necessary to draw a diagram, in which he will be laid in the house.It is important to take into account all the elements, including filters, pumps, boilers, headers and more.The way in which the pipe will be laid, and the placement of all the other elements, is applied to the circuit, together with the designation of distances.This will help to calculate the required number of tubes.

Preparation of the pipeline scheme

In the scheme of laying pipes can be observed in 2 ways:

  • connected in series.It recommended for small houses, because in this scheme, the main pipe is needed, and from him to every water consumer is provided a tee.With a large number of consumers would be insufficient pressure.
  • Using collector.From his individual tubes extend to consumers, so in all parts of the pressure will be equal to at home.The cost of such an embodiment is more expensive, since the number of pipes will be greater.
Serial connection
Manifold connection

Consider the most common scheme. pipe from the water intake source is carried out in the direction of the pumping station, where there is an obstacle to return water valve.Tail pipes pumps water accumulator and tee set for him.From the accumulator pipe depart for technical needs and domestic water supply.

A common scheme of water supply system

pipes, conducting water for use in the house lead to the purification system to deliver water from harmful impurities.For water treatment system again mount a tee, provided the water section.Pipe conducting cold water is directed to the manifold and the tube which holds future hot water is supplied to the heater.On the lines to the water users of the collector cold water shut-off valves pose.From the heater tube passes into the reservoir with hot water, and then divorced pipe in the building.

Mounting own hands

most difficult and dusty work while laying water pipeline is to create holes in the floor and walls.Other tasks (cut and connect the pipe to install a pumping station, connect filters, connect the pipe to the collector and the water users and others), though take a lot of time, but do not require significant physical strength.And so to arrange everything yourself capable of even a beginner.

creating holes in the wall

Types of pipes depending on the material

planned installation of running water, the first task is to select the pipes, in particular material from which they are made.


Such pipes most expensive, but are the best.Copper pipes do not harm the corrosion microbes, ultraviolet radiation, the increased pressure drop temperatures harmful additives in water.

Copper pipe


This aluminum tubes, trimmed with plastic on both sides.On these pipes do not accumulate fat, it does not develop rust.Outside are not affected by condensation or UV.Disadvantages of such pipes - increased sensitivity to temperature (at 95 degrees deformed and higher) and freezing.

Metal pipes


advantages are: durability and strength.Disadvantages: rust, volume of work (the need for welding and threading when connecting).

Steel Pipes


differ good technical characteristics, durability (serve 50 years), ease of installation.For hot water supply pipe made of polypropylene reinforced with.

Such pipes are not oxidized and does not need frequent inspection, so they can be hidden under the plaster.The difficulty in the selection of such pipes only is the need to connect them to use a special welding machine.

Polypropylene pipes

diameter pipes

Choose the right size is also important.If it is insufficient, due to the turbulence of the water flow on the walls will be delayed more lime, and water promotion will create more noise.

diameter is chosen, bearing in mind that water must move at speeds up to 2 m / sec.It is also important to base the choice on the length of the pipeline.With a length of 10 m will be enough pipes d 20 mm, for a length of 10-30 meters are suitable pipe diameter of 25 mm, and with a greater length of the pipeline, select the pipe d 32 mm.

The diameter of the pipes

To determine the diameter of the pipe to the house with a large number of residents, it is important to take into account the water consumption at the same time in the house - how many devices and cranes will be included once (as they will be missing water per minute).For a small family, but with plenty of water consuming appliances, we need to calculate the total water consumption of all the points, and then take away 25-40%.Welding

polypropylene tubes

compound tubes made of polypropylene, including reinforced, produced by welding:

  1. tubes are cut with special scissors to obtain segments of a certain length.
  2. Celebrating the weld area, which should be cleaned using a damp alcohol wipe.
  3. installing on the welding machine required nozzle, turn on the device and set it on the temperature.
  4. After heating apparatus (light bulbs go off) looming on the nozzle pipe segments to a level, but without turning.
Apparatus for welding of pipes

When the pipes are already wound up, wait a few seconds and remove the attachment (let your assistant hold the device), and then quickly and accurately connect pipe and some keep them together.The result is a smooth connection.When the result does not like engaging portion is cut off, and the procedure is carried out first.Welded tube briefly allowed to cool and then use it.

Breeding running water in private homes

  1. prepared pipes are laid in the home, ranging from water users.
  2. pipes are connected to the consuming point adapter to be able to install tap water for overlap.
  3. lay pipes to the collector.It is advisable not to hold the pipe through walls and partitions, and if we have to do, enclose them in glasses.

For easy repair place the tube at a distance of 20-25 mm from the wall surfaces.During installation of drain valves, create a small bias towards them. pipes are attached to spetsklipsami walls, setting them on the straights every 1.5-2 m, and in all corner joints.To align the pipe fittings used at angles and tees.

When connecting the pipe to the manifold valves are always installed (it is needed for the repair and the possibility of disconnection of water consumption).

Try to do a minimum of angles, or turns, the pressure lost in the least.

Example fastening pipes

We carry water from the well

in well water comes from shallow reservoirs, so they often have a lot of impurities.Such water without purification for home and business needs, and to make it potable, you need to perform water treatment, water having passed the pre-analyzing.The main advantage of the well of the device is that for its construction does not require permission from state organizations.

Driving supplying water from the well

Draw water from wells

Since the water comes from deep layers, it is cleaner and the well characterized stable chemical composition.Most often in such water harmful microorganisms and no compound.By selecting this option the water supply for private houses, please note that the drilling project and requires its approval.

Water supply from well

centralized water supply

Ideal to supply private building with water going from the well or well, as this will give your system the autonomy of water.However, the building can be connected to a central water supply (even if it is a backup source).

In connection to water mains need permission.Engineers from the central water supply of the operating organization will appreciate your project, the power of your pump, water consumption volumes.To control the flow of water will also need to install counters.

Centralized connection at home

Laying aqueduct

outer part of the water pipe can be laid open or hiding in a trench.If you choose the underground option, it is important to mount the communication, taking into account the depth of soil freezing.When installing the piping above the freezing level or above ground must take care of the insulation.

Installation of external water supply

pumping station

From the source water is pumped pump station, which is usually placed in the basement, on the 1st floor or in the basement.It is advisable to place the plant in a room heated to plumbing functioned winter.On the tube from a source that is suitable to the pumping station, placed fitting that when repairing a water pipe water can be disabled.Also, a check valve is connected.

Pumping station

If you want to exercise the tube rotation, you need to use the area. After this quick connection set shut-off valve, filter for coarse purification, pressure switches, pressure accumulator (if the pump is located in the well or borehole) probe against "dry" running, a filter for fine cleaning and adapter.Finally, check the serviceability, starting the pump.


He is represented by 2-fold sealed tank with water in one compartment and the air that is under pressure, in the other compartment.Such a device is needed for stability in the system pressure, the on / off of the pump.At the opening of the tap water in the building out of this machine, which reduces the pressure.The result will be operation of the relay and including a pump to increase pressure.

hydraulic accumulator

tank is chosen to suit the needs of people living in the house.It may be 25-500 liters.Installation of the accumulator is not a requirement - you can use the storage tank on the top floor or attic, then the pressure of the flow of water will be created weight of the tank.However, such a system will not work if there is in the house a washing machine.

Water purification and preparation

water in your source will have to check the laboratory by determining the soluble salts and other impurities.It is necessary for the selection of filter systems.Having accumulator, water enters the water treatment system located him in 0.5-1 meter.

Water filter

Installing the collector and boiler

After the water purification system is disconnected for 2 flow.One for cold water and sent to a collector, and the second is provided for the hot water heater is in.All collector pipes in front of him and the mandatory installation of the drain cock and shut-off valves.The number of tubes will depend on the number of water consumers.


On leading to the heater pipe to install the drain valve, which protects the valve and the expansion tank.Also, the drain valve will need a place where hot water will come out.The tube is directed to the collector, which will be hot water.

Maintenance and repair work

running water always needs to be controlled, and any leaks and other problems - to eliminate, without delay.With a small breakthrough in the injury site can install a lining of rubber, fixed clamp.

for quick repairs, you can use the cold welding, paint over the place break after degreasing with acetone.

fistula When the new pipe into the drilled hole threaded bolt (if the old pipe, this method does not work, because will increase the fistula).