Build Daily

Building

August 12, 2017 18:05

How to attach the porch to a private house with his own hands - from foundation to finish

Using a small annexe to a private house, you can not only change the appearance, but also to solve a number of household tasks by expanding the usable area of ​​the building.With the construction of porches, various materials, circuits (for example, open type or closed) design solutions.

Obviously, the location of the house on the site, as well as its orientation relative to the light side, may be different.But there are some general guidelines for the construction of extensions to the house with his own hands (terraces, porches), to be aware of and, where possible, to implement in practice.

veranda- 2_

What to consider

Compatibility of materials. There is a concept in construction, and this is due primarily to thermal expansion.Therefore, it is desirable for the erection of the veranda or terrace to use the same building materials as for the home.For example, a combination of brick (house) + wood (veranda) - not the best option.

Appointment extension. It can be used in different ways - as a "tambour", through which the entrance to the building;as a summer dining room, a winter garden, a greenhouse (and the entrance to the building could be elsewhere) - a variety of options.On this basis, and determined the optimal size of the extension.Regarding the length of its views diverge.

Some believe that the terrace has to go along the wall, the other - no more than 4 - 5 m. But the width of the output is simple - within 3 m (with small deviations).Otherwise, the extension becomes too cumbersome and brings discord in the face of the building.

In this context, it is necessary to determine how veranda will be used - only in season, or year-round?On this basis, the question of the extent of its insulation and the feasibility of laying the heating circuit (with the accession to the common house) or the installation of autonomous heating devices (eg, infrared heaters, reflectors, etc.).

foundation type. As a continuation of the previous paragraph - is necessary to decide on his best option.This largely depends on the expected load and soil characteristics.Given that the extension is on already lived-in area, it is advisable to stop the election on the basis of the pile or column.Thus, the volume of excavation can be reduced to a minimum, with no risk of damage to crops and utilities laid on the territory and suitable to the building.

drawing_

Procedure

construction project development and procurement of materials omitted.Part of this has already been said, but the other features of the preparatory activities - just below.So let's start at once directly from the construction work.




Layout area under the veranda

Before starting the construction of the foundation, should be clarified laying tracks all communications (water, electric / cable, and so on).After that outlines the points at which the support will be placed.The scheme of arrangement is simple - in the corners of the extension, at the point of adjacency to the walls of the house, as well as every 1.5 - 2 m veranda perimeter.

Site preparation

the upper layer of earth should be removed around the marked contour (pegs + cord) to a depth of about 15 cm. This will get rid of the root system of the vegetation and prevent its development under the floor of an extension.In the resulting "pit" it is advisable to pour the sand-gravel mixture (ASG, fine gravel) and well compacted.But this is done after the installation of supports.

foundation_

Construction foundation

As we have found out, strip foundations to mount does not make sense.What can be used as supports?

  • Screw piles (the cost of the order of 1 400 rubles / pcs.).
  • pillars of masonry (rather troublesome and expensive).
  • large diameter pipes - metal or asbestos cement.In addition, they made a vertical reinforcement (3 - 4 bar) with the filling of a cavity filled with concrete solution of fines.
  • logs or lumber.Wood products apart from impregnating spetssostavami (flame retardants + antiseptics) have to coat with liquid tar.But even with this treatment supports life will be limited.

Depending on the chosen material poles further in the bottom of the concreted.Feature - must be provided as to strengthen them support frame porch.The reliability of fixing it depends on the stability of the whole structure.To this end walls are mounted (by screw piles, pipes) or a concrete (the longitudinal axis of the column) walled metal pin.

As a reminder - the upper sections of the supports must be located in a horizontal plane.It is easy to verify using the long rail with a fixed level therein.

skhema_

Rostwerk

His many neglected erection, and it is in vain.

First , if grillage not mount, then under the veranda landfill formed pretty quickly.Scents (as a result of rotting process), wafting from the bottom, hardly will give pleasure to the owners.

Second , floors on a terrace will always be cold.

How to equip a raft foundation with minimal cost, you can read here.

often hosts the fence foresight to leave a hole (as an option - put a small door).What is not a home for the pooch?A booth with the territory can be removed.

support frame

For its installation is used, as a rule, pre-treated timber - the most reliable option.Each sample previously drilled holes which after installation will place them in the fixed supports studs.This prevents displacement of workpieces during the operation.

veranda_

frame

Its assembly is to install the supporting pillars that serve as "skeleton" for all future designs.Sometimes they are taken long logs which are both base supports, and the "ribs" frame.But this is only suitable for lightweight extensions, which are operated only during the warmer months.

What used during the construction of the porch, the owner decided on the basis of financial possibilities and the overall design.As a rule, for the construction of the porch is wood, but there are structures made of pipes (the carcass), which are sheathed with plastics (eg, polycarbonate sheets).

Accordingly, depending on the master's ideas and developing are window and door openings (for example, from the street and the courtyard).

upper rail supports made on the basis of laying of a roofing material.Consequently, mounted or crate (cellular) or solid flooring.For him, you can use MDF, particle board, thick (multi-layered) veneers.The only thing to consider - the slope of the ramp.It should be at least 40.

Everything else - similar to the construction of any buildings.Laying the lag, the rough floor, its surface finish and so on - the techniques and materials are selected hosts, depending on local conditions.

Roof

One thing to note - it should be a friendly environment of the same type of product, which was used in the construction of the house.

Practical recommendations

When it comes to private buildings and not a modest suburban house, the extension should legislate, ie to prepare all required documents to it.Life presents us with a variety of surprises, and not the fact that the owner after some time decides to sell the house (tenancy, donation and so on).And here emerge all "rework" is not reflected in the structure of the passport.Which at the same time there are problems, to enumerate a long time.Suffice it to say that they would be large and in monetary terms is quite painful.One just fine, given its size, permanently ruin the mood and a severe blow to the pocket.

Therefore, it is necessary to order the project.This does not imply a mandatory conclusion of a contract with a specialized organization on the construction itself, since all the work is easily done yourself.But the technical documentation must prepare professionals with all the rules.

Joining the foundation of the house and outbuildings into a single structure is not recommended.The reason is simple - different weight structures.Consequently, shrinkage is different.

All wooden blanks must be well soaked.In the private sector as an antiseptic often use waste engine oil, and not purchased compositions - the effect is almost the same.