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August 12, 2017 18:06

We organize the construction of concrete pools with their own hands

We organize the construction of concrete pools with their own hands

Make concrete pool with their hands in the country, despite the apparent complexity, really, even for a few weeks and at great expense to the material.

The submission layman concrete pool is a tank with a dial and water discharge system.

fact, concrete pools are easy on the device, if, of course, did not have in mind anything with the prefix «hi-tech».

about how to build a concrete pool in the country with their hands properly, what are the nuances of how to decorate the cup, and what is the technology that will tell in the text with video.


  • 12 nuances construction
  • construction: from design to pouring concrete
  • Waterproofing: methods and techniques
  • bowl Decorating
  • Conclusion

12 nuances construction

seems to be too early to talk aboutconstruction, must first penetrate into the concrete basin unit.

The device pool

But we immediately decided to lead the construction of 12 nuances, which will give a complete picture of what are the concrete pools, device and technology of their construction in the country.

  • construction site - always carried out reconnaissance for ground waters, as for lifting underground water construction may end before it began;
  • Rubbish - if the country leaves fall, it makes sense to pool skimmer - filter, which constantly updates the upper layer of the water;
  • Indoor pool - put the roof, plastic wall and get in the pool room.And if there is space and water, it must exist ventilation;
  • neighborhood with buildings - the foundation of the nearby buildings will put pressure on the pit and can at the same time the victim;
  • Angle excavation - pit is always wider and more bowls, because you need to take into account the angle of the digging, especially sand.It is loose, because used stuffed piles, panels;
  • pit indoors - depth does not exceed the depth of the foundation;
  • bedding - we are talking about river sand, which absorbs well groundwater;
  • Fill - concrete pad should go ahead and outwards by 20 mm on all sides.The higher the negative water pressure in the soil, the greater should act cushion.Otherwise concrete rises above the level of a few centimeters;
  • formwork - concrete pools on the basis of the construction - the same filler foundation of the building.When the formwork wall and bottom of the pool are reinforced in different planes, fittings stacked horizontally and vertically with ligation;
  • Fill - Fill technology shows up to 10 days, otherwise the concrete attains the necessary strength.On a hot day, the concrete should moderately humidified.And the most important nuance techno-point: the concrete at the bottom of compacted Electrovibrators over the entire surface;
  • Exposure - at normal temperature and humidity of the cup is held for almost a month, so that the concrete is completely dry.For 2 weeks, concrete pools are not made;
  • Contractors - all work must be carried out by one contractor.If one digs a pit company, cladding and design - the other, it is not a contractor and mediator, and you overpay.

construction: from design to pouring concrete

Now turn to the detailed instructions (see the video.).We describe all aspects of pouring the concrete pool, because it is technically correct to say "fill".

In design there any formulas and calculations.The main thing to take into account the main points.Choose a site in the country and carry out exploration for groundwater.


Select the type of cup placement - flush with the section or elevation.Think about how many people are in it together: for an adult is required 5 meters long and about 1.5 meters deep.

So if a big family, then you need at least a meter 8-10m length and width of 4m.Decide on the shape and size.

expect thickness of the walls and bottom - these variables depend on the depth of the basin and the groundwater level in the country.We design drainage, stairs, lighting.Think of the water discharge system.

Excavation is best done with the assistance of technology.Tractor with bucket dig a trench right in a couple of hours.But to know the device excavation is necessary.

Increase the size of the pit so that they fit and bowl and all utilities at once, which means that in the width and length of the excavation lays in calculating the thickness of the formwork, concrete, all utilities, plus the size of the cup itself.

Observe angle at the digging: there should be a small angle of deviation from the vertical - the ground will not crumble.

Drainage - need a place to drain to the water outside the basin does not accumulate and do not spoil the landscape.

When digging the bottom is laid with a slope of 5-7% in the drain side: per meter floor - 2-3 cm deviation.

pillow of sand and gravel will allow qualitatively pour concrete.At the bottom of the boiler pours a mixture of sand and gravel thickness of 30-35 cm Put the boards of a board height walls of the pool, but the width is not more than 50 cm

Make crate:.. Every two feet hammering the peg, which will act on the ground level, we connect every 50cm in height with a wooden board.Sewn panels to the frame on both sides.

We connect jumper pins and put chocks under the boards.At 1 cubic meter of concrete will need 320 kg of cement, 170 liters of water, 620 kg of sand and gravel 1250 kg.

To calculate the amount of ingredients for a solution, given the size of the project, it is better and easier to use a calculator, online.


used to tie the composition of B-25, and for the bowl strictly hydraulic engineering - on the strength of the brand B-24P4W6 and water resistance of not less than W6.

When the cup is ready, you can also fill the formwork stage or put a ladder while finishing on the anchor bolts.

After pouring the concrete will take almost a month before you can start to finish.

Manufacturing excavation, formwork, pouring the screed and the entire bowl - the most expensive and technologically challenging task, and everything that follows below - decoration and design - the most pleasant and simple.

Concrete pool with their hands almost ready, the case is now for insulation and finish.

Waterproofing: methods and

Concrete technology pool necessarily need to seal the influence of groundwater, as well as the very cup of standing water.

Waterproofing serves to prevent concrete deterioration due to permeation through the pores and small cracks moisture.

Concreting and waterproofing of the pool

If waterproofing was not done in a timely manner by pouring the cup itself, any crack, even in 1 mm lead to bowl damage and waterproofing after, in an attempt to save the situation, is not much help out.

used for insulation and roll obmazochnye materials.Coating is applied to the bowl foundation on the inside.Commonly used polymer composite insulating composition.

Roll is used exclusively for external insulation.Isolation

needed inside and outside cup therefore need to exactly two layers: an outer layer is obtained by introducing into the solution prior to pouring additives - minerals and polymers that improve the strength and hydrophobicity.

inner layer is applied before the finish trim.Commonly used Obmazochnaya insulation.

Today there is a wide choice of materials for insulation.

Polyethylene - the cheapest material, but in the case of the slightest leak, will have to change completely the entire layer.

Membrane film - PVC, EPDM and other - high-quality material, the installation of which requires skill.It should be noticeable, but the durability and environmental friendliness nullify the high cost of installation.

Pastes - a composite blend of penetrating discharge isolation.On the market are very different mixtures like Penetron, Kalmatrona, Ksaypeks - dozens of them.

mat Bentonite - sodium bentonite in its composition - a natural material.It differs from all the other self-regeneration: Gel solders cracks because bentonite withstands any damage.

only drawback - mat can not tolerate the strong water pressure, as the beads are washed.

Liquid rubber: insulation without a single seam.A sort of gold standard.


Liquid glass - a new type of material - polymer impregnation.Is an aqueous emulsion-polymer resin which penetrates the wall thickness of the cup and eventually turns into a plastic.

wash - paste-like composite structure that is smeared on the concrete pools completely.

Bitumen - the list is presented only as a tribute to the technologies of the past.Quite often some disadvantages.

bowl Decorating

Finish - the final stage.The choice has several options for finishing.

plaster - a simple mixture of cement concrete pools do not recognize - they have a bad adhesion.First you need to fix the plaster grid.

Although grid corrosion-resistant coating is applied, the water can still penetrate through the plaster and it will start to crumble.

To prevent such an outcome used synthetic mesh and waterproof plaster.

tiles - tiles with a large water absorption of 0.14 to 1% has anti-slip elements, with the best - German and Italian.

tile laid on waterproof glue, resistant grout joints overwritten.

Mosaic - mosaic expensive and rare.Its high cost is associated with a complex finish, which can make a few specialists.


film - reported more tightness, even if there are cracks in the concrete.It has a ribbed surface for stairs.Tip: you have to put so precisely that there is no swelling, no wrinkles.

between a warm sheets are joined by welding, and the seams are complemented sealant.


Make concrete pool in the country requires the tangible costs and more than 1 month of work.

We did not consider the device pool of the project of concrete blocks or rings, which involves the use of precast concrete rings and fill the bowl to your taste.


Concrete pools are relatively simple to build, but there is a clear description of all the technology that is necessary to strictly observe and then the result will exceed allexpectations.

pool made of concrete, with their own hands - a source of pride and an experience that will teach you how to pour the concrete foundation and tinkering surfaced again.