Build Daily

Helpful Hints

August 12, 2017 18:07

Tapestry with their hands

Tapestry - a great option for home decorating.The paintings are made in this technique gaze.Tapestry production machine is very much inferior to tapestries, hand-made.But, alas, there are very, very expensive.It is much cheaper to do tapestry of their own hands.In addition, this solution will maximize harmoniously fit into the interior of the tapestry room.

Content

  • The history of tapestry
  • Species tapestries
  • Manufacturing process woven tapestry
  • work on embroidery tapestry
  • How to make a tapestry surround
  • Tapestry - an interesting design solution for interior

The history of tapestry

Tapestry - a one-sided carpet, woven by hand cross weave.The word tapestry has French roots.In the XVI century Tapestry Gilles discovered the dye.Later it built a textile mill.Louis XIV bought the factory and began mass production of carpets of dyed yarns.The factory was called "royal tapestry manufactory", and carpets - tapestries.

1

is not to say that the tapestry appeared in the XVI century.Even in a III.BC.the first samples of tapestries were found.In ancient Greece and Egypt tapestries adorned the palaces of the Pharaohs and the state governors.Masters for the manufacture of tapestry used only natural yarns, sometimes practiced insertion of gold and silver.

Renaissance refers to the dawn of tapestries.Masters produced whole series of paintings executed in the same category.Only aristocrats allowed themselves the luxury.Until the XVIII century as a material used for making wool tapestry.A little later began to make tapestries of silk and linen.Now as the tapestries woven from synthetic fibers and natural.

For the production of the earliest tapestries used wooden frame, which pulled the thread and a special hook that allows you to securely fasten knots.

Since the mid-twentieth century, there looms that simplify the work on the tapestry.Tapestries are made by machine have a lower price and quality compared to manual tapestry.

2

Species tapestries

Tapestries, handcrafted divided into:

  • woven,
  • nonwoven.

woven tapestry more complex to manufacture.On the wooden frame is wound thread-foundation of cotton thread.To consolidate the use sumach node.Weft thread interwoven with the warp yarn across the width of the mat, thus connecting and fixing the warp threads together.The process of manufacture of woven gobelena- is winding the weft yarn through the primary, this time with a variety of equipment and components.

The loop or non-woven tapestry easier.On a tight piece of cloth to make a drawing, and with the help of a needle stitched wool or synthetic thread.

technology manufacturing woven tapestry

For the manufacture of woven mini-tapestry will need:

  • yarn - different colors and textures,
  • wooden frame or weaving a mini-machine,
  • fork,
  • scissors.

Stages:

  • To begin with we take a wooden frame or board.Size two times greater in length and 3 times in height than the next tapestry.Along the edges of the frame are hammering nails.A distance of 2-5 mm, depending on the yarn thickness.
  • Make-thread basis.On the nails in turn pulls the thread.Further, the horizontal anchoring weft yarn by the node.We begin to weave a tapestry.By changing the thread, depending on the desired pattern.The plug will seal the structure of the tapestry.At the end of the tapestry ennoble fringe, braids or brush.
  • To make tassels for decoration tapestry edges need to be folded in half 4-6 yarn, tie the thread and attach to the edge of the tapestry, from any node.For
  • fringe yarn length to be cut twice more than the required fringe.These pieces of yarn attached to the end of a tapestry using a crochet hook or needles.At the request of the fringe is decorated with beads.

5

Ways to weave in the manufacture of tapestry:

  • Linen - the most common way of weaving.The weft thread is passed through the main one by one.
  • Uzoroobrazuyuschy - the weft yarn is made of wool, each thread around the main swing the half.
  • Twill - weft thread is laid only between the odd warp yarns.
  • Egyptian - from right to left entwine the main thread of the weft, and then the weft yarn goes down.It turns out the texture in the form of columns.Good for image objects in relief.
  • Greek method is used in combination with a smooth weave, because that in itself is very loose.Use bright and voluminous yarn.The weft yarns interwoven in a braid.
  • Knitting - wool yarn lay right to left.The first row of linen weave method, then the weft yarn is put over the main and create a loop through which the weft thread is displayed.Creates an embossed surface resembling weaving.
  • sumach - two key swing the weft yarn twice from the inside out and output from the two main strands to come.It creates texture bars.
  • Carpet - the weft yarn is cut into small pieces 4-6 cm into two main strands are putting this segment of the middle and the ends of the wrap..After one such number should fulfill a number of plain weave.Surplus cut and pile weaving is attached to the desired shape.

Ways of weft thread between them:

  • to create a clear picture border, the compound of the weft yarn, in which the weave of the desired color is brought to the border, and then connect with each other, continuing to weave.
  • possible way when the main thread lies on the boundary of two intertwining colors.Thread lay the foundations to the border, and then folded and weave back and so on.On the other hand weft thread of a different color as paving.
  • Palasovoe compound is used to produce a clear and smooth line.Thus no weft threads are connected between them and the gap is formed.Such a method is rarely used, as the gap between the different colors have to sew up the usual thread.
  • able to compensate for the compound - the weft yarns are joined together and move smoothly from one color to another.

4

Another type of woven tapestry is circular tapestry, which is used as a rug or hang on the wall.The circular tapestry is different from a rectangular shape and technique of making the capture.The rectangular tapestry trapping takes place from the bottom up, and in a circular around.For circular bearings used even gymnastic hoop or cut out a circle from a dense material.

For making circular tapestry in the home will need:

  1. cardboard.
  2. yarn for knitting and cotton yarn.Always different colors and patterns.
  3. thick needle for yarn.
  4. wooden fork, if no - normal.
  5. Scissors.

Stages of tapestry:

  • From construction paper cut out a circle with a diameter of 30-40 cm in diameter
  • circle makes an incision 2 cm distance between 2-3 cm incisions
  • We stretch cotton thread-to basis...a circle.The thread-base will not be visible at the end, so the color is irrelevant.
  • threaded thread a needle and a thread-anchoring base in the center of the circle.Make the stitches, then move on to a plain weave.
  • Skip the weft yarn through each thread-based, thus making the weave in a circle.Doing so 25-30 times.
  • Use a fork flatten and thicken strands.
  • Change thread color.To secure a new thread, make a knot or twirl the cord-basis.
  • Skip the white thread through the two warp yarns.
  • alternating colors on your own.

Fantasy here is limitless.A choice of different colors and textures.

Photos tapestry round:

7vd61af41498

work on embroidery tapestry

Tools for work:

  1. needle.
  2. yarns.
  3. dense tissue.
  4. frame to secure the fabric.

Stages of non-woven tapestry:

  1. using stapler, attach the fabric to the frame.
  2. draw a sketch on heavy paper.
  3. Place the sketch on the fabric and draw a pencil.To correct, if something did not happen.
  4. When the drawing is ready, his marker circle.
  5. thread threading the needle.
  6. Make the stitches along the contour of the figure, gradually filling the entire image.
  7. change the thread color if necessary.

tapestries schemes :

Coloring - dew - 7

4d64f4e8v201

skhema25

4d64f9b70bs4

4d6516197ts55

4d650ef9e64f

4d6501ch91e8

How to make a tapestry surround

There are several methods of manufacturing bulktapestry:

  • «Braid" - using obkruchivaniya thread basis through one or two threads.If you want to achieve a convex texture, flower example, it is necessary to alternate this technique with conventional when weft yarn threaded through one thread-basis.
  • «Knots" - first do bottom row, which will serve as a background.Next, a needle and thread knit knots, tight to each other.Nodules on the leveled surface and create the desired texture.So, draw a picture, such as chamomile.
  • «Embroidery» - do background.And it was sewn next drawing, using different ways of weaving.It turns double tapestry.

3

Recommendations for work on the tapestry:

  • Before you begin, decide the picture.For novice masters is better to choose not a complicated picture, with no small elements.
  • with pencil and tracing paper make a sketch of the basic design.Circle the basic contours.
  • Threads pull hard, but they should not be like a guitar string.Fingers between threads must pass freely.
  • yarn is selected according to the desired pattern and texture.
  • determine what color a picture, pick up the thread colors required will be performed.
  • best to start weaving with the lower right corner.
  • Attach Picture under-thread basis.
  • Use a fork to seal assemblies.Pat drive in knots netting after each row.
  • During operation, check the width of the tapestry.
  • Free thread edge should be kept free.
  • At the end of the work, make sure that the top and bottom rows are the same width.
  • When the tapestry is ready, it is nailed to a large frame or stretch.Then covered with a wet cloth and leave for the day.
  • A tapestry fabric iron iron.

Tapestry - an interesting design solution for interior

tapestry technique does not lose its popularity for more than two millennia, modern tapestries gaze and give the interior a special uniqueness.Tapestries fit perfectly in the classic and in modern design styles.

6

most frequently used tapestries in suburban homes.Large walls and ceilings allow to place a whole series of tapestries, united by one theme.

Various ornaments juicy and balanced colors, mythological and medieval scenes, stylized pictures of plants and animals fit in harmoniously with any interior.

Tapestries not only hang on the walls, but also present in the design of a house or apartment in a tapestry curtains, covers for pillows, tablecloths, napkins, paintings.Even the furniture and wall tapestries sheathe.In these cases, using, of course, machine tapestry.

Tapestry gives the general style of elegance, luxury and versatility.A perfect complement to the tapestry will be mosaic, stained glass and fusing.A vase, candle holders and figurines make a more classic style.