Build Daily


August 12, 2017 18:08

Forms and floor waterproofing technology in apartment


  • 1 Types of waterproofing and methods of its creation
  • 2 techniques applying waterproofing layer
  • 3 Waterproofing in wet screed floor

Each master confirms that the construction of a new home oroverhaul is required to lay the waterproofing.She firmly retain the main floors and the decorative layer protects against moisture and the emergence of the fungus.If there's a flood, then in the presence of high-quality security, you can not be afraid to pour from the bottom neighbors.Therefore, the design and maintenance is necessary to know how to make waterproofing the floor in the apartment.

waterproofing Types and methods of its creation

Before accurately determine the waterproofing method, it is necessary to take into account factors: operating the base type, the purpose of premises, operating conditions .

Currently, the building materials manufacturers offer consumers a sufficiently wide range of materials.Pick up the material and the method should be based on how to use the room and location.

Apply material on the work surface as possible in several ways:

  • lubricative, kraftliner, Paint;
  • Penetrating;
  • membrane, roll, film;
  • powder;
  • plaster.

most famous and easy to use is a roll waterproofing floor.All construction materials for it are made of cloth or cardboard, which are pre-treated with a mixture of bitumen.The top layer - Basalt chippings.

  1. Round membrane material performs at once two important functions: hydro and thermal insulation.The most commonly used pressure-sensitive material, it greatly simplifies and speeds up the work process.

    Roll floor waterproofing

    hydrogenated molestation rolls on the floor

  2. waterproofing membrane.This is all kinds of films, which is composed of polyethylene, polypropylene.Often used as a basis for a floor of wood.
  3. Mastic.The composition of materials include asphalt, glass, liquid rubber, resin, polymers.They protect the floor from any moisture.This is particularly important when the work is planned at the floor bathrooms.The peculiarity of the composition of mastic - a plasticizer for the film slowly spreads it all over the floor, penetrating and filling in all the holes.

Mastic for waterproofing the floor is of several types:

  • bitumen;
  • polymer;
  • Bitumen-Polymer;
  • Mineral.
Paul covered waterproofing mastic

Here is the mastic used for waterproofing the floor.

  1. Liquid waterproofing.This paint, varnish, viscous formulations.Their peculiarity is that they form the entire working surface of the water-repellent film.Actively used when working with concrete and wooden floors.

    Liquid waterproofing floor

    It looks inflicted to the floor structure of the liquid waterproofing

  2. Powder.It is composed of cement, plasticizers, adhesive.Very relevant for waterproofing under floor heating.

techniques applying waterproofing layer

Before you start with the floor is necessary to clear the work surface: remove all unnecessary, trash, if you want to dry.

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Liquid waterproofing of floor is only valid for a solid foundation.To carry out its cast version, you must:

  • Pour warmed waterproofing structure on the floor;
  • dropped it, using a spatula.

If the composition does not require heating, the composition simply poured on the floor.In any case it is necessary to make several layers.

layer liquid waterproofing can reach up to 15 cm in height because of its multiple layers.Therefore it should be considered in the design work.

There is also a method of applying a liquid waterproofing by means of impregnation.Then the composition is sprayed or applied with a brush.

essence of coating and spray insulation in creating a waterproof film, the thickness of which must be no more than 3 millimeters.For its application using a brush or roller.

In such waterproofing compounds are often added impurities, which protects the floor from mold formation and also have anti-corrosion properties.However, they need to be updated every 4-5 years.

should also be said about lining hydraulic seals.It is produced by three methods:

  • spreading;
  • Bonding;
  • weld.

Spread working material on the cleared space under the basis of sex.It can be any way to fix, stick, or just leave the lie.

fusing procedure is using burners, running on gas.Thus it is necessary to comply with fire safety measures.Bonding material is produced using a special adhesive and mastic.Also, there are materials that already have the adhesive layer is present.

Waterproofing in wet screed floor

when made wet screed need to take care waterproofing layer.It performs two functions: it protects against moisture during operation floor, and the neighbors below will save from the flood.

Concrete slabs forming the ceiling, no matter how massive and strong they may look, absorb moisture through hairline cracks and seams.Therefore, if you do not create a protection against moisture, all the water in the tie, followed by "wet" work, go down and ruin the appearance of the ceiling neighbor.

to make waterproofing the floor in front of the wet screed, you must:

  • Clear the floor of dust debris, carefully sweep up everything;
  • Prime the floor, wait until the first coat is dry;
  • detect cracks and seams and patch up their sand-cement mortar density rigid, it should not be too hard to spread;

To a solution grappled well, all cracks should be expanded to 1-1.5 cm.

  • When cracks sealed, and the solution has dried, use a cement waterproofing.It must be applied evenly on the floor, you can use the trowel;
  • Then you need to apply the mastic.It is recommended to do 2-4 layers;

mastic dry for 6 hours.If the next layer is applied after this time, it engages.Therefore, repeating layers need 3-4 hours.

  • When the layers of mastic will dry you can begin to wet the floor screed.

This method is suitable for the "dry" rooms - living room, bedroom.In the bathroom is recommended to supplement the method of roll fusion bituminous layers, which are mounted with the help of torches.

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