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August 12, 2017 18:07

Hot, cold and semi- cold smokehouse own hands : instructions with photos and video

Types smoked and home smokehouses

traditionally separate the two kinds of smoke: hot and cold, but it's not quite true.In the real world there is an intermediate option, call it poluholodnym smoked, which has the properties of two conventional methods, and, thanks to this mix of qualities gives a completely different hot or cold smoked taste.

Hot smoking

Hot smoking - quite fast, requires only approximately three hours.It allows meat and fish prepared with the help of the actual effects of temperature and smoke.Food is obtained simultaneously baked and smoked.

process fast and not labor, most often it is so smoked food at home.But there is a minus - meat and fish hot smoked are not suitable for long-term storage.
Hot smoked fish

sufficient temperature 35-50oS smoke, fish also need 90-100oS to meat and fat.

Poluholodnoe smoking

Poluholodnoe smoking, born of non-compliance with the rules of construction of cold smokehouses require some more time.Usually fairly 1-1.5 days.All this time will have to monitor the availability of wood or sawdust, and to ensure that the fuel is not flared, and smoldering.

Keep these products can be refrigerated up to 1-2 weeks, but they are usually eaten before.

Fish cold smoking floor

Meat and fat smoked at a temperature of 30 ° C in the area, and the fish will require a little higher temperature - 60-70 ° C.

Cold smoking

It is this way is smoked, most of the products we see on store shelves: sausage, fish, cheeses, salmon, seafood and other delicacies.The method allows you to create food with a long shelf life and a rich taste, but it requires a huge amount of time and labor costs.The process occurs within 5-7 days, and all the time you need to monitor the availability and quality of smoke, decay, the presence of sawdust, sufficient cooling of the smoke.

Cold smoked fish

With cold smoking the temperature in the container with the meat must be at a level 18-20oS to fish is acceptable mark of 40 ° C.

Hot smokehouse at home

If you have decided that you want to build a smokehouse is smoked, it can safely assure you - this is the easiest option.It can be made of medical Bix, buckets, old pots, metal barrels and any other hermetically sealed containers.You can even start from scratch and make your own device from the metal sheets.

Smokehouse smoked

The operating principle is always the same, so we consider the most difficult option - installation of sheet metal.If the capacity you already have, a drop in the first three steps below the item, you will be useful only fourth.

Step 1. Cutting

sheet should be cut into convenient for the manufacture of the box.This may be one form for the bottom and four walls + form for the cover (in this case, the sheet will have to bend), or you can cut metal for at least ten parts: one for each side, bottom and five deep cover (if you intend to use a planarcover, just a piece of metal, but it can not provide sufficient tightness).

Note!If your idea cover must be worn on the container, and not just go on, make its width and length are not flush with the bottom, and increased by two-fold the sheet + a thickness of 2-3 mm.

Cutting easiest to implement grinder.

Step 2 gives shape to the workpiece

In the case of individual sheets need to take the two of them and make them a spot welding at a right angle.For accuracy, use the carpenter's angle.The same is done with all sides and the bottom of the container.The same action is repeated, welding cap.

If blank supposed to bend, carry out this operation very carefully to maintain the correct geometry box.When all sides of the container are folded from the bottom up, brew drops joints at right angles.We do the same with a lid.

Note!Once the elements have cooled, check that the lid on the container nalezaet.On and off should not require effort.

Step 3: Create a leak smokehouse

For this purpose all internal seams need to boil with caution jeweler.

Step 4. Suspensions and handles

Inside the container should be welded (in a bucket or pan, you can simply fix the available means), two twigs level for hanging meat and fish.They hang hooks.

Fish in the smokehouse smoked

bottom of the tank weld fasteners for installation of the pallet.It is necessary that the fat does not drip from the products on sawdust and do not become the cause of fire.Sawdust should only smolder!

If the outer part has no handles, and weld them (on both sides and on the cover).Of course, the quality of smoking will not be affected, but to make such a smokehouse will be much easier.

stepwise process of making a homemade video look at the oil lamp in the other tab.

Make poluholodnuyu smokehouse own hands

main difficulty of construction poluholodnoy smokehouse -. Find a place for it, because it would require a lot about 1h5 m In this section will walk undesirable.If a place is found, you are ready to start construction.

Step 1 pretends smokehouse

plan determines whether there is a bias in the selected area.In this case, it only plays into the hands, and if the difference in length of at least 30-50 centimeters, fine.In this case, the bottom of the furnace will be located along the chimney will rise, and will be located on a hill very smokehouse.

Note!If there is no difference in the levels, then the location of the elements can be determined at will.

Step 2 Make furnace

digs a pit with sides and a depth of 50 cm. Ideally, you can do more for a more comfortable handling smokehouse in the future.For areas without a level difference furnace should deepen stronger (80-100 cm).

Step 3. Paving the chimney

As the chimney is perfect metal pipe with a diameter of 100-150 mm.It can be a straight line, and then the smoke will have a higher temperature, and can be bent like a coil.In the latter case, if the pipe length is a maximum, smoking can turn almost cold.

Tube digged into the ground so that one end began at the top of the furnace wall, and the other comes to the surface at the highest point on the maximum distance from the furnace.

Note!If you want to find the pipe is not possible, you can do even without it.Dig a trench with the necessary amount and fix it on the wall collapses, and the top cover with sheets of iron and prikopat ground.The method is good for the fact that since the length of the chimney can be done to make maximum or two versions of the chimney, one for cold smoking, one for poluholodnogo.

Step 4. Bring to mind the furnace

parties and lay the bottom heat-resistant bricks, instead of the solution using clay.Instead of bricks you can use natural stone or thick sheets of iron.The main thing is to achieve the goal - the wall must be protected from falls.With the same purpose, daubed with clay and securely fix the chimney entrance.

Step 5. Set the smokehouse

In the role of Smokehouse suitable container like the one that was described in the section on hot smoking.You can use any metal (not aluminum) sealed container.It also set the rods with hooks and a tray of fat, with the only difference being that he still had a hole to enter the chimney.The pipe will need to either make or seal the other in a safe way.

Note!While smoking is recommended to cover the chimney with a damp cotton cloth, which is changed every couple of hours.In this case, many products absorb the smell of smoke, but not covered with resin.

Home smokehouse smoked

This method is the most difficult in the implementation of the home.Theoretically, such a smokehouse can build their own hands in the same manner as described in the previous instructions, but in practice it turns out that too many nuances necessary to consider, and did not always have such an opportunity.However, the Russian people came up with a resourceful way to make cold smokehouse out (who would have thought?) Of the polyethylene film.It's what we describe step by step.

Smokehouse polyethylene

Step 1. Pick up the film

We need the most dense plastic film, which make of the greenhouse.Ideally, it should be a sleeve, then sew only have to top.

Step 2: Prepare the film

necessary to make it a circumference of the bag to 4 m and a depth of just over 2 m. For this purpose the bottom and sides can be sewn and ironed the paper through a heated iron.

Step 3. Prepare and place the frame

need 1 sq.m. Free flat terrain.In the corners of trying to drive a two-meter stakes securely, connect them on top of the cross members so that the structure was stable and was not afraid of the wind, when she was put on a film.

at opposite poles in several levels of the diagonal rods are fixed, so that they overlap each other.On the bars put on the hooks.

Step 4. Load the smokehouse

hung on a hook fish, narrow strips of bacon or meat, then top up to the middle of the design pull the bag.At the bottom is closer to the center pour half a bucket of burning coals, which should be immediately covered with fresh grass or birch or cherry leaves.After the bag put on until the end, and the edges fixed to the ground for maximum tightness.

Oil lamp made ​​of polyethylene film

Of course, this option - not cold smoking in the truest sense of the type of products processing.Meat, fat and fish is impregnated with not only smoke, but the smell of grass and leaves, and are steaming.Nevertheless, tested and approved by many users of the Internet, this method also has a place to be and be used as in the courtyard of his house or in the country, and, for example, on a fishing trip.